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22 Cards in this Set

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abdominocentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
anastomosis
surgical connection between two hollow or tublar structures
barium enema
examination of the large intestine. Contrast is injected into rectum and x-rays are taken of the rectum and colon
barium swallow
barium sulfate is swallowed and x-rays are taken of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine
cheiloplasty
surgical repair of a cleft or defect of the lip
colostomy
surgical creation of an opening between the colon and body surface
diverticula
small out pouch in the intestinal wall
diverticulectomy
surgical removal of a diverticulum
esophagectomy
removal of any part of the esophagus
gastrectomy
surgical removal of all or part of the stomach
gastroduodenoscopy
process of visually examining the stomach and duodenum
gastrotomy
surgical incision into the stomach
GI Series
gastrointestinal series-fluoroscopic and radiographic examination of all or part of the gastrointestinal tract and the esophagus during or following the ingestion or injection of a solution of barium sulfate
ileectomy
surgical removal of the ileum
nasogastric intubation
placement of a tube through the nose, into the stomach and upper region of the small intestine to remove gastric or intestinal contents for analysis
proctopexy
surgical fixation of the anus
proctoplasty
surgical repair of the rectum or anus
vagotomy
surgical cutting of the vagus nerve, which stimulates acid secretion in the stomach
SGOT, SGPT
liver function tests
alkaline phosphatase
enzyme test done on serum to detect liver disease
serum bilirubin
tests for level of bilirubin. High levels indicate jaundice effect
stool guaiac
hemoccult test to determine presence of blood in the feces