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11 Cards in this Set

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What is the total number of chromosomes present in each body cell before mitosis?
46
double
Human cells normally have ___ chromosomes or ___ pairs of chromosomes
46 and 23
What is the total mumber of chromosomes present in each cell after mitosis
46
How many cells are produced from one cell by mitosis
2
How many chromosomes are present in each of the following cells?

Stomach cells:
Liver cells:
sperm cells:
heart muscle cells:
egg cells:
Stomach cells: 46
Liver cells: 46
sperm cells: 23
heart muscle cells: 46
egg cells: 23
By what process, Mitosis or Meiosis is each of the cells below formed

Stomach cells:
Liver cells:
sperm cells:
heart muscle cells:
egg cells:
Stomach cells: Mitosis
Liver cells: Mitosis
sperm cells: Meiosis
heart muscle cells: Mitosis
egg cells: Meiosis
What is the total number of chromosomes present in a cell before meiosis
46
How many new cells are formed from one cell by meiosis>
4
What is the total number of chromosomes in each new cell after meiosis
23
Explain why meiosis is sometimes called reductional division. What is being reduced?
The number of chromosomes is being reduced in half
Compare the process of meiosis as it occurs in males and females by completeing the table below

Occurs in-
number of cells produced-
size of cells produced-
chromosomes number of parent cells-
chromosme number of daughter cells-
occurs in- Males: testes Females: ovaries
number of cells produced- Males: 4 females: 1
size of cells produced- Males: 4 equal sized cells females: 1 large
Chromosomes number of parent cells: males 46 females: 46
chromosome number of daughter cells- Males: 23 and females: 23