Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/26

Click to flip

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is a mineral?
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal structure and a definite chemical composition.
naturally occurring
For a substance to be a mineral, it must occur naturally
inorganic
Not formed from living thing or the remains of living things
solid
particles that are packed together very tightly
crystal structure
The particles of a mineral that line up and repeats over and over again
crystal
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that repeats again and again
definite chemical composition
minerals that contain certain elements in definite proportions
element
A substance composed of a single kind of atom
compound
A substance in which two or more elements that are chemically joined
hardness
The level of the minerals calcium and magnesium in water
Mohs hardness scale
A scale ranking ten minerals from softest to hardest; used in testing the hardness of minerals
color
An easily observed physical property
streak
The color of the mineral's powder
luster
the way a mineral reflects light
density
The amount of mass in a given space; mass per unit volume
crystal systems
Crystals of each mineral grow atom by atom to form a mineral's crystal structure
cleavage
A mineral's ability to split easily on flat surfaces
fracture
The way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an irregular way
special properties
ways to identify a mineral
fluorescence
the property of a mineral in which the mineral glows under ultraviolet light
minerals from magma
Minerals that are formed as hot magma cools inside the crust, or as lava hardens on the surface
minerals from hot water solutions
Elements that form a mineral dissolves in hot water
solution
A mixture in which one substance has dissolved in another
vein
A narrow slab of a mineral that is sharply different from the surrounding rock
minerals formed by evaporation
solutions that have been evaporated
where minerals are found
minerals are found in parts of the earth's crust