Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/46

Click to flip

46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
TOXEMIA
THE PRESENCE OF TOXINS IN THE BLOOD
ADHERENCE
ATTACHMENT OF A MICROBE OR PHAGEOCYTE TO ANOTHER'S PLASMA MEMBRANE OR OTHER SURFACE
INVASIN
A SURFACE PROTEIN PRODUCED BY SALMONELLA TYPHIMURIUM AND ESCHERICHIA COLI THAT REARRANGES NEARBY ACTIN FILAMENTS IN THE CYTOSKELETON OF A HOST CELL
LIPID A
A COMPONENT OF THE GRAM-NEGATIVE OUTER MEMBRANE; ENDOTOXIN
CONTACT INHIBITION
THE CESSATION OF ANIMAL CELL MOVEMENT AND DIVISION AS A RESULT OF CONTACT WITH OTHER CELLS
M PROTEIN
A HEAT- AND ACID-RESISTANT PROTEIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL CELL WALLS AND FIBRILS
EXOTOXIN
A PROTEIN TOXIN RELEASED FROM LIVING, MOSTLY GRAM-POSITIVE BACTERIAL CELLS
HYALURONIDASE
AN ENZYME SECRETED BY CERTAIN BACTERIA THAT HYDROLYZES HYALURONIC ACID AND HELPS SPREAD MICROORGANISMS FROM THEIR INITIAL SITE OF INFECTION
ANTITOXIN
A SPECIFIC ANTIBODY PRODUCED BY THE BODY IN RESPONSE TO A BACTERIAL EXOTOXIN OR ITS TOXOID
COLLAGENASE
AN ENZYME THAT HYDROLYZES COLLAGEN
HEMOLYSIN
AN ENZYME THAT LYSES RED BLOOD CELLS
MYCOTOXIN
A TOXIN PRODUCED BY A FUNGUS
ENDOTOXIN
PART OF THE OUTER PORTION OF THE CELL WALL (LIPID A) OF MOST GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA; RELEASED ON DESTRUCTION OF THE CELL
LEUKOCIDINS
SUBSTANCES PRODUCED BY SOME BACTERIA THAT CAN DESTROY NEUTROPHILS AND MACROPHAGES
LD50
THE LETHAL DOSE FOR 50% OF THE INOCULATED HOSTS WITHIN A GIVEN PERIOD
ERGOT
A TOXIN PRODUCED IN SCLEROTIA BY THE FUNGUS CLAVICEPS PURPUREA THAT CAUSES ERGOTISM
AMANITIN
A POLYPEPTIDE MUSHROOM TOXIN THAT CAUSES LIVER AND NERVE DAMAGE
AFLATOXIN
A CARCINOGENIC TOXIN PRODUCED BY ASPERGILLUS FLAVUS
PARENTERAL ROUTE
A PORTAL OF ENTRY FOR PATHOGENS BY DEPOSITION DIRECTLY INTO TISSUES BENEATH THE SKIN AND MUCOUS MEMBRANES
INTERLEUKIN
A CHEMICAL THAT CAUSES T-CELL PROLIFERATION
TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR (TNF)
A POLYPEPTIDE RELEASED BY PHAGOCYTES IN RESPONSE TO BACTERIAL ENDOTOXINS; INDUCES SHOCK; ALSO CALLED CACHECTIN
ADHESIN
A CARBOHYDRATE-SPECIFIC BINDING PROTEIN THAT PROJECTS FROM PROKARYOTIC CELLS; USED FOR ADHERENCE, ALSO CALLED A LIGAND
TOXIN
ANY POISONOUS SUBSTANCE PRODUCED BY A MICROORGANISM
INCLUSION BODY
A GRANULE OR VIRAL PARTICLE IN THE CYTOPLASM OR NUCLEUS OF SOME INFECTED CELLS; IMPORTANT IN THE IDENTIFICATION OF VIRUSES THAT CAUSE INFECTION
COAGULASE
A BACTERIAL ENZYME THAT CAUSES BLOOD PLASMA TO CLOT
RECEPTOR
AN ATTACHMENT FOR A PATHOGEN ON A HOST CELL
LIMULUS AMOEBOCYTE LYSATE (LAL) ASSAY
A TEST TO DETECT THE PRESENCE OF BACTERIAL ENDOTOXINS
ENDOTOXIC SHOCK
LOSS OF BLOOD PRESSURE CAUSED BY THE ENDOTOXIN COMPONENT OF A GRAM-NEGATIVE CELL WALL
SHOCK
ANY LIFE-THREATENING LOSS OF BLOOD PRESSURE
ID50
THE NUMBER OF MICROORGANISMS REQUIRED TO PRODUCE A DEMONSTRABLE INFECTION IN 50% OF THE TEST HOST POPULATION
CYTOPATHIC EFFECT (CPE)
A VISIBLE EFFECT ON A HOST CELL, CAUSED BY A VIRUS THAT MAY RESULT IN HOST CELL DAMAGE OR DEATH
PORTAL OF ENTRY
THE AVENUE BY WHICH A PATHOGEN GAINS ACCESS TO THE BODY
KINASE
(1) AN ENZYME THAT REMOVES A PHOSPHATE FROM ATP AND ATTACHED IT TO ANOTHER MOLECULE (2) A BACTERIAL ENZYME THAT BREAKS DOWN FIBRIN (BLOOD CLOTS)
PROTEIN KINASE
AN ENZYME THAT ACTIVATES ANOTHER PROTEIN BY ADDING A PHOSPHATE FROM ATP
SCLEROTIA
THE COMPACT MASS OF HARDENED MYCELIA OF THE FUNGUS CLAVICEPS PURPUREA THAT FILLS INFECTED RYE FLOWERS; PRODUCES THE TOXIN ERGOT
NEUROTOXIN
AN EXOTOXIN THAT INTERFERES WITH NORMAL NERVE IMPULSE CONDUCTION
LYSOGENIC CONVERSION
THE ACQUISITION OF NEW PROPERTIES BY A HOST CELL INFECTED BY A LYSOGENIC PHAGE
TOXIGENICITY
THE CAPACITY OF A MICROORGANISM TO PRODUCE A TOXIN
SEPTIC SHOCK
A SUDDEN DROP IN BLOOD PRESSURE INDUCED BY BACTERIAL TOXINS, USUALLY ENDOTOXINS FROM GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA
ENTEROTOXIN
AN EXOTOXIN THAT CAUSES GASTROENTERITIS, SUCH AS THOSE PRODUCED BY STAPHYLOCOCCUS, VIBRIO, AND ESCHERICHIA
FIBRINOLYSIN
A KINASE PRODUCED BY STREPTOCOCCI
SYNCYTIUM
A MULTINUCLEATED GIANT CELL RESULTING FROM CERTAIN VIRAL INFECTIONS
SAXITOXIN
A NEUROTOXIN PRODUCED BY SOME DINOFLAGELLATES
INTERFERON (IFN)
AN ANTIVIRAL PROTEIN PRODUCED BY CERTAIN ANIMAL CELLS IN RESPONSE TO A VIRAL INFECTION
CYTOTOXIN
A BACTERIAL TOXIN THAT KILLS HOST CELLS OR ALTERS THEIR FUNCTION
PATHOGENICITY
THE ABILITY OF A MICROORGANISM TO CAUSE DISEASE BY OVERCOMING THE DEFENSES OF A HOST