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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
personality
the overall combination of characteristics that captures the nature of a person
developmental approaches
systematic models of ways in which personality develops across time
personality dynamics
the ways that a person integrates and organizes social traits, values, and motives, personal conceptions and emotional adjustment
self concept
the view that people have about themself
social traits
surface level traits that reflect the way a person appears to others when interacting in various social settings
Locus of control
how much a person feels able to control his or her own life
authoritarianism
a tendency to follow strictly wit hconventioinal values and obey recognized authority
dogmatism
leads a person to see the world as a threatening place and regard authority as absolute.
self monitoring
reflects a persons ability to adjust his or her behavior to external, situational factors.
emotional adjustment traits
measure how much an individual experiences emotional distress or displays unacceptable acts.
Type A orientations
impatient, wants achievement, and high competitive nature.
Type B orientation
easygoing and less competitive
Values
broad preferences converning apropriate courses of action or outcomes.
sources and types of values
parents, friends, teachers, and external reference groups
terminal values
reflect a persons preferences concerning the ends to be achieved
instrumental values
reflect a persons beliefs abot the means for achieving desired ends.
value congruence
occurs when people express positive feelings when they are around others who show values similar to their own.
the cognitive component
reflects the beliefs, opinions, knowledge, or information a person has.
the affective component
the actual attitude itself, such as "i dont like my job"
the behavioral component
intention to behave in a certain way based on your specific feelings or attitudes. "im gonna quit my job"
cognitive dissonance
a state of inconsistency between an individuals attitude and behavior.
workforce diversity
differences based on gender, race, and ethnicity, age and able bodiedness
demographic characteristics
the background variables- age gender etc. that shape what a person becomes over time.
aptitude
represents a persons capability of learning something