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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
motivation
hypothetical construct which is concerned with how behavior is energized, sustained, directed, stopped, and what kind of subjective reaction is present while all this is going on
drive theory
tried to account for behavior by utilizing a small number of mathematical postulates
activation-arousal theory
there is an equilibrium point of activation where maximum performance is attained
what do employees want?
managers do not understand employee motivation very well
maslow's hierarchy of needs
physiological, security, belongingness and love, esteem, self-actualization
PSBES
mcclelland
need for achievement, affiliation, power
herzberg
two factor theory: motivating and hygiene, satisfied and dissatisfied, looks at intrinsic and extrinsic motivation opportunities, problem: method bias
expectancy theory
vroom, how individuals choose among alternative behaviors, motivational strength is determined by perceived probabilities of success
expectancy-valence
preference for a particular outcome
expectancy-expectancy
belief that effort leads to performance
expectancy-instrumentality
belief that rewards facilitate outcomes
determinants of effort to performance expectancies
self esteem, past experience, actual situation, communication from others
equity theory
based on the premise that people want to be treated fairly, exchance approach
contribute (effort, knowledge, skill, ability, time, loyalty) get (salary, benefits, loyalty)
skill variety
degree to which a job requires a variety of different activities in carrying out the work
task identity
the degree to which the job requires completion of a "whole" and identifiable piece of work, start to end
task significance
the degree to which the job has a substantial impact on the lives of other people
autonomy
degree to which the job provides substantial freedom, independence, and discretion
job feedback
degree to which carrying out the work activities required by the job provides the individuals with direct and clear information about the effectiveness of his or her performance