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14 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Short Term memory
5 and 9 unites, chunking helps you retain more; retain for 20 seconds if not repeated
Primary Effect
Remembering the beginning of a list
Recency effect
Remembering the end of a list
Why are some things put in short term?
Because our goal is efficiency; we want to get rid of the irrelevent stuff
Improving Long Term Encoding
Rehearsal and repetition; make things relevant to ourselves
Storage in the long term
We store semantics (meaning) and images; we organize semantic networks (items in memory system are linked together); develop with age
Encoding failure
We never actually encoded it
Retrieval failure
Recall vs. recognition
Recall: list scientists
Recognition: given first letter (easier)
Proactive interference
Prior information gets in the way of something new
Retroactive intererence
New information disrupts memory of something old
Schemas
Misremembering
Organized clusture of knowledge about a person or thing
Misinformation effect
Using schemas to remember things incorrectly
Implicit memory
We remember things without awareness, we cannot answer with direct questions
Source monitering errors
Making attributions for a source of information; not remembering where you learned something