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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Short Term memory
5 and 9 unites, chunking helps you retain more; retain for 20 seconds if not repeated
Primary Effect
Remembering the beginning of a list
Recency effect
Remembering the end of a list
Why are some things put in short term?
Because our goal is efficiency; we want to get rid of the irrelevent stuff
Improving Long Term Encoding
Rehearsal and repetition; make things relevant to ourselves
Storage in the long term
We store semantics (meaning) and images; we organize semantic networks (items in memory system are linked together); develop with age
Encoding failure
We never actually encoded it
Retrieval failure
Recall vs. recognition
Recall: list scientists
Recognition: given first letter (easier)
Proactive interference
Prior information gets in the way of something new
Retroactive intererence
New information disrupts memory of something old
Organized clusture of knowledge about a person or thing
Misinformation effect
Using schemas to remember things incorrectly
Implicit memory
We remember things without awareness, we cannot answer with direct questions
Source monitering errors
Making attributions for a source of information; not remembering where you learned something