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22 Cards in this Set

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Feudalism
government, nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to king in exchange for their loyalty, military service and protection of people who live on the land
Lord and Serf
Lord was someone who had much control over land.
Serfs where people who could not leave the manor they where born into, and was given a small amount of land from lords. They were basically slaves, but could not be sold, bought, or traded.
Knights
Obeyed Chivalry (Knights code)
Manor
A lords estate
Tithe
family's payment of one-tenth of it's income to a church
Crusades
a war for the "Holy Land" Jerusalem
Guild
medieval association of people working at the same occupation, which controlled its members' wages and prices
Magna Carta
Great Charter - Limited The kings power
clergy
The church - pope, preist/bishops
plagues (types)
Bubonic - most common
Septicemic - massively invades blood, kills in 1-3 days, bruising etc.
Pneumonic - Coughing, and mucus, kills in 3 days, in the air
Samurai
to serve, obeyed their lords and most honorable thing was to die in battle, buddhism- reincarnated into a samurai again,
bushido
way of the warrior, samurai's code
Nobility
Controlled land, gave land to people called serfs
Manorialism
the giving of house to a serf in return for service and good that he farms for the lord
chivalry
Code for Knights
fief
Land given from lords
sacraments
Religious gifts from the lord that can be received, 6 of the 7 have to be done.
excommunicate
to not be able to receive the sacraments and be banned from the church, meaning to go to hell
Charlemagne
He expanded the Frankish kingdom into a Frankish Empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe
Slave vs Serf
Slaves can be bought and sold, and can buy their freedom.
Serfs aren't bought or sold, they stick to their land and can't leave, but they can become free if they hide from the manor from a year and a day.
Middle Class
The class between nobility and prisoners. It consisted of: Preist monks, nuns, artisans and serfs
Vassel
People who received fiefs from lords, and in return, fought in battle for them when needed.