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75 Cards in this Set

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paracentesis
puncture of a cavity w/ removal of fluid (abdomen) ascites=ovarian cancer, alcoholism
osteoporosis (cond)
treatment no cure. after 5-7yrs after menopause 20% bone mass lost.
-pepsi
stomach/GI system
osteoporosis-prevention
well-balanced diet(calcium,vitas &mins) weight bearing exercise, Hormone replacement therapy,no smoking moderate drink
hydrocele
an accumulation of fluid in a saclike cavity esp. in scrotum. Unilateral. accum of serous , self-limiting, common in little boys
osteosarcoma
bone cancer
rheumatoid arthritis


Elevated Sedimentation Rate
feet can also be involved. Ages 40-60, juvinile also. Insidious (don't see it coming) aspirin,rheumatoid factor ESR
arthr/o combining form
joint
amniocentesis
surgical puncture of the amnion to obtain cells for testing
arthroscopy
examing the joints by looking w/an arthroscope (w/light source)
dysplasia
defective, poor,abnormal formation-abnormal development
osteoporosis
disease of bone in which there is deterioration of bone matrix causes pores & weakness susceptable to break
costochondritis
inflammation of the costochondral joints of the chest. Inflammation of cartilage around the ribs
osteopathy
disease of the bones
cystoscopy
process of examing the bladder using a scope (urinary bladder,men and women
oste/o combining form
referring to bone
hypochondriac (neurosis)
think they are always sick
osteoporosis
4 common sites: hips,spine,wrists and ribs. compression factor,pathological,80%of women w/"silent disease"
fasciae

fascia
attaches muscle to muscle
fibrious tissue (bands)
hydrophobia
abnormal fear of water
old term for rabies
tendonitis/tendinitis
inflammation of the tendons from overuse
tennis elbow
thoracic (div of spine)
chest or thorax(mid back) 12 vertebrae
tendons
connective tissue attaches muscle to bone
perichondrium
a membrane of fibrous connective tissue around the surface of cartilage. around cartilage
dyscephaly
malformation of the head and facial bones. symptom of acromegaly
myelotomy
surgical severance of nerve fibers of the spinal cord.Specific branches for irretrable pain in area.Bone marrow biopsy(taking out)
ligamentum

ligments
attaches bone to bone
bands-holds together
-phobia suffix
abnormal fear
inter prefix (placement)

intercostal
between

between the ribs
rheumatoid arthritis
one side of body wrist,fingersjoints closest to hand,symptoms vary, neck,shoulders,hips,ankles,
multiple myeloma
malignant disease-infiltration of bone marrow by neoplastic(cancer)plasma,progressive,not a high survival rate
bursa

bursae (plural)
small serous sac b/t a tendon and bone. purse/sm sac. around joints. bursitis inflammed
centesis
the insertion of a needle into a body cavity for the purpose of aspirating fluid. surgical puncture followed by cathater
epi prefix (placement)

epiglottis
upon,over,after, at,in addition to

uppermost cartilage of the larynx
ad prefix (placement)

adduction
toward, bring together (like addition)

movement toward a midline
cervical (division of spine)

vertebrae
region of neck 7 spinal vertebrae
dysmenorrhea
pain in assoc w/ menstration due to hormonal changes
osteoarthritis (OA)
arthritis characterized by inflammation & destruction of bone and joint tissue DJD
dyslexia
difficulty using & interpreting written communication (translation=lexia)
supranasal
located above nose
rheumatoid arthritis
affects softer tissues of the joint, still causes inflammation of the joint or arthritis.can cause DJD,chronic, systemic disease
lumbar (div of spine)
loins, part back b/t the thorax and pelvis (lowerback) 5 verts
myeloblast
immature bone marrow cell that develops into a myelocyte or germ cell
rheumatoid arthritis
autoimmune disease(body attacks self),remmissions, more women,more deforming than osteoarthritis.symetrical (right knee,rt hand,rt elbow
cost/o
ribs
ab prefix (placement)
from or away from

abnormal-away from me!
peri prefix (placement)

pericardium
around or near

membranous fibroserous sac enclosing the heart (lining around heart)
costectomy
excision of a rib or ribs
hypochondriac (area)
area below thorax and ribs on sides of epigastrium. quadrants
cystectomy
excision fo teh urinary bladder (removal)
suprapubic
above pubis, region located above the arch of the pubis-baby comes from
hydrocephalus
enlarged head due to increased amount of fluid in the skull. a collection of fluid in the head.
tenalgia/tenodynia
pain in tendon
dys- prefix
difficult or poor, defective, painful, abnormal
abduction
movement away from a midline
sacral
sacrum very lowest part of back 5 verts
Myel/o combining form
bone marrow or spinal cord
(defined by context)
cyst root word
for bladder or sac (most time w/ cyst-urinary bladder)
supra prefix (placement)
above, superior to, outside and further
myelosarcoma
sarcoma composed of bone marrow cells and tissue (tumor composed of)
arthroplasty
surgical repair of a joint
dyspareunia
pain in labia,vagina,or pelvis during/after sex,infection, tissue damage, endimetrosis, atrophy
tend/o (ten/o and tendo [cf})
tendons
hydro- prefix
water or fluid or watery fluid
chondr/o combining form
bone and cartilage
hydrocyst
sac/bladder filled w/ watery fluid
dyspepsia
upper abdominal discomfort, "indigestion" often chronic or persistent
cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)
when the head of the fetus is larger than the mother's pelvis (cephal/o)
abdomin/o combining form
abdomen
myelodysplasia
defective (abnormal) formation of the spinal cord-increased bone marrow
-plasia suffix
growth and development, formation
thoracentesis
surgical puncture of the thorax to remove fluid
coccyx (div of spine)
small bone of the base of the spinal column-tail bone 4 vert
sacral and coccyx fused into one
pelvis

pelv/i combining form
formed by pelvic bones
pelvimetry
done during pregnancy to find measurement of pelvis-pelvic diameter