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130 Cards in this Set

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What makes up the skeletal system?
Bones, joints, cartilage, ligaments, and bursa
List Bone Tissues and describe.
Periosteum-outermost/fibros covering
Compact-hard dense covering
Spongy-light, found at ends of bone
Medullary cavity- shaft of long bone
Shaft of long bone
Diaphysis
found at wide end of long bone
Epiphysis
opening in bone in which blook vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass
Foramen
normal projection on surface of bone
Process
joint: knee and elbow, most movable
Synovial
joint: movement in one plane
Hinge
joint: wide range movement
Ball & Socket
joint: cartilaginous, two bones held together so firmly becomes one
symphysis
joint: immovable, where bone has fit together
sutures
soft spot on baby
fontanel
fiborous connective tissue which connects bone to bone; stabilizes joint
ligament
attaches bone to muscle
tendon
fibrous sacks of synovial fluid
bursa
How many bones in adult human body?
206
80 bones
protects major organs of Nervous System, Circulatory Sys., and Respiratory sys.
Axial
126 bones
primarily used for movement, protects Digestive, Excretion, and Reproductive System
Appendicular
shoulders, upper arm, forearm, wrist, and hand
upper extremities
hips, femur, fibula, ankle, foot
lower extremities
part of skull that encloses brain
Cranium
ribs, sternum, T vertebrae
Thoracic
What are the 12 pairs of ribs?
7 pair-true ribs
3 pair-false ribs
2 pair-floating ribs
"breast bone"
Sternum
uppermost Sternum
Manubrium
pectoral gurdle, supports hands and arms
Shoulders
collar bone
Clavicle
shoulder blade
Scapula
bone, extension of scapula
Acromion
upper-arm bone
Humurus
forearm bone that links to thumb
radius
other forearm bone
ulna
"funny bone", elbow
olecranon
wrist
carpus
hand
metacarpuls
fingers
phalanges
vertebrae column
26 vertebrae
protects spinal cord, supports head
spinal column
upper spinal column
cervical, C1-C7
middle spinal column, chest area
thoracic, T1-T12
lower spinal column
lumbar- L1-L5
tail bone
Coccyx
in between vertebrae bone
intervetebral disks
triangular shaped bone
sacrum
ilium, ischium
Pelvic
hip socket
acetabulum
upper leg bone, thigh bone
femur
knee cap
Patella
Knee ligaments
ACL
MCL
PCL
larger shin bone
Tibia
smaller shin bone
Fibula
ankle
Tarsus
part of ankle that sticks out
Malleolus
articulates with tibia and fibula
Talus
heel bone
Calcaneus
foot bones
Metatarsuls
toes
Phalanges
diagnosis treatment and treats disorders in bones, joints, and muscles
Orthopedist
manipulative treatment of disorders from misaligment of spine
Chiropractor
specializes in disorders of foot
Pediatrist
field that works with orthopedic appliances
orthotics
specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases characterized by inflammation in the connective tissues
Rheumatologist
disorders of bone
Osteopathy
absense of mobility due to a disease, injury, or surgicle repair/procedure
ankylosis
pain in joint
arthralgia
stiffening of joint
arthrosclerosis
inflammation of the bursa
bursitis
benign tumor in cartilage
chrondroma
softening of cartilage
chrondromalacia
Bunion, abnormal enlargement of joint at base of big toe
Hallux valgus
dislocation
Luxation
partial dislocation
subluxation
inflammation of synovial membrane
synovitis
old age, degenerative joint disease
osteoarthritis
uric acid crystals in joint
Gouty arthritis
auto-immune disease
rheumatoid arthritis
swelling of joints in children
juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
non-moving spine, vertebrae fused
ankylosing spondylitis
low back pain
lumbago
imflammation of vertebrae
spondylitis
slipping forward of vertebrae
spondylolisthesis
degenerative condition of vertebrae
spondylosis
congenital defect that spinal canal fails to enclose spinal cord
spina bifada
benign growth on bone's surface
exostosis
pain in bone
ostealgia
inflammation of bone and bone marrow
osteomyelitis
unknown cause of extensive bone destruction, also known as osteitis deformans
Paget's disease
inflammation of periostia
periostitis
cause from lack of vitamin D and calcium dificiency, child deformity
Ricket's disease
congenital deformity that can be curved in or out, also known as club foot
Talipes
group of cancers affect children or teenagers
starts in shaft of long bones
Ewing's sarcoma
malignant tumor attacks blood forming parts of bone marrow
causes fractures, is fatal
Myeloma
benign tumor on surface of bone and covering of cartilage
osteochondroma
found in chilren, partial fracture from bone bending (incomplete)
Greenstick Fx
simple Fx (complete)
Closed
horizontal fracture
transverse
angled fracture
oblique
compound, penetrates skin
Open
compression
pushed together
fx of wrist, lower end of radius
Colles' fracture
twisting, found a lot in child abuse
Spiral
tiny cracks in bone from continual use
Stress
long bone breaks and fat cells go into bloodstream
Fat embolus
hearing bone break
crepitation
formation after bone heals
Callus
removing fluid from joint
arthrocentesis
calcium deficiency and bone mass decreases
bone density testing
drawing bone marrow out of sturnam oristeum
bone marrow biopsy
Magnetic Residence Imaging
MRI
self's bone marrow
Autologeus transport
donar's bone marrow
Allogenic transport
from umbillical cord
rich in stem cells
cord blood
fusion in joints
arthrodesic
incision through the periostomy
periosteotomy
replacement of implant
revision surgery
surgical loosening of ankolys joint
arthrolysis
surgical repair of joint
arthroplasty
replacement part (artificial)
prosthesis
surgical removal of intervetebral disk
diskectomy
through the skin, tube will go thru to remove disk parts
percutaneous
surgical removal of part of spine
laminectomy
surgical removal of part of skull
craniectomy
surgcial incision of skull
craniotomy
surgical repair of skull
craniplasty
surgical fixation of bone to correct deformity
osteoclasis
suturing or wiring of bones
osteorrhaphy
treatments of fractures
immobilization
putting extra force to keep bone aligned
traction
manually trying to put bone back in place
manipulation
broken bone
closed reduction
use of screws, plates, pins, and appliances
fixation