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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
anorexia
lack of appetite
ascites
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
borborygmus
Rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both in the gastrointestinal tract
constipation
difficulty in passing of stools (feces)
diarrhea
frequent passage of loose, water stools
dysphagia
difficulty in swallowing
eructation
gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth.
flatus
gas expelled through the anus
flatulence
the presence o excessive gas in both the stoamch and the intestines.
hematochezia
Passage of bright, fresh, red blood in the rectum. BRBPR
jaundice
yellow-orange coloration of the skin and other tissues casued by high levels of bilirubin in the blood.
melena
black, tarry stools;
feces containing blood.
nausea
unpleasant sensation in the stomach and a tendency to vomit.
steatorrhea
fat in the feces;(frothy, foul-smelling, fecal matter).
aphthous stomatitis
inflammation of the mouth with small, painful ulcers. (canker sores)
dental caries
tooth decay
herpetic stomatitis
inflammation of the mouth by infection; with the herpes virus. (cold sores)
oral leukoplakia
white plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth.
peridontal disease
inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth, and surrounding bone; also called pyorrhea
achalasia
failure of the lower esophagus sphincter muscle to relax (LES)
esophageal varices
swollen, varicose veins in the distal portion of hte esophagus or upper part of the stomach.
gastric carcinoma
Malignant tumor of the stomach.
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease;
solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach
hernia
Protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle that normaly contains it.
peptic ulcer
Open sore or lesion of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum.
anal fistula
Abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus.
colonic polyposis
polyps (benign growths) protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon.
colorectal cancer
Adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum or both.
Crohn's disease
Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract(terminal ileum and colon).
diverticulosis
abnormal side pockets (outpouchings) in the intestinal wall
Diverticula
pouch like herniations through the muscular wall of the colon
diverticulitis
fecal matter trapped in the outpouchings of the muscular wall of the colon.
dysentery
painful, inflammed intestines.
hemorrhoids
swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region.
ileus
Failure of peristalsis with obstruction ofthe intestines.
intussusception
telescoping of the intestines.
irritable bowel syndrome
IBS; group of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with stress and tension.
ulcerative colitis
Chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers; an IBD
Volvulus
Twisting of the intestine upon itself
cholelithiasis
gallstones in the gallbladder
cirrhosis
Chronic degenerative disease of the liver
pancreatitis
inflammation ofthe pancreas.
viral hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver caused by a virus.