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39 Cards in this Set

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Borborygmus
Rumbling or gurgling noises produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both in the gastrointestinal tract.
Flatus
Gas expelled through the anus.
Nausea
Unpleasant sensation in the stomach and a tendency to vomit.
Herpetic Stomatitis
Inflammation of the mouth by infection with the herpesvirus.


** Commonly called fever blisters or cold sores. **
Anal Fistula
Abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus.
Diverticula


** Singular: Diverticulum **
Abnormal side pockets (outpouchings) in the intestinal wall (diverticulosis)
Constipation
Difficult, delayed elimination of feces.
Hematochezia
Bright, fresh, red blood discharged from the rectum.
Steatorrhea
Fat in the feces.
Oral Leukoplakia
White plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth.
Colonic Polyposis
Polyps (small benign growths) protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon.
Dysentery
Painful, inflamed intestines.
Hernia
Protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome


** Also called Spastic Colon **
A group of GI symptoms (diarrhea and constipation, lower abdominal pain, and bloating) associated with stress and tension.
Gallstones


** Cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis **
Crystallization of cholesterol and other materials to form stones in the gallbladder or bile ducts.
Anorexia
Lack of appetite.
Diarrhea
Frequent, loose, watery stools.
Jaundice
Yellow-orange coloration of the skin and other tissues due to high levels of bilirubin in the blood (hyperbilirubinemia).
Aphthous Stomatitis
Inflammation of the mouth with small ulcers.
Periodontal Disease
Inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth, and surrounding bone.

** Also called Pyorrhea **
Colorectal Cancer
Adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum, or both.
Esophageal Varices
Swollen, tortuous veins in the distal portion of the esophagus or upper part of the stomach.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach.
Ileus
Failure of peristalsis.
Ulcer
Open sore or lesion (wound) of skin (epithelial) tissue.
Cirrhosis
Chronic disease of the liver with degeneration of liver cells.
Pancreatitis
Inflammation of the pancreas.
Ascites
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen.
Dysphagia
Difficulty in swallowing.
Melena
Black, tarry stools; feces containing blood.
Dental Caries
Tooth Decay
Achalasia
Failure of the Lower Esophagus Sphincter (LES) muscle to relax.
Crohn Disease
Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract (most often the terminal ileum and colon).
Gastric Carcinoma
Malignant tumor of the stomach.
Hemorrhoids
Swollen, tortuous veins in the rectal region.
Intussusception
Telescoping of the intestines.
Ulcerative Colitis
Chronic inflammation of the colon with the presence of ulcers.
Volvulus
Twisting of the intestine upon itself.
Viral Hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver caused by virus.