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60 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abdominocentesis
(ab-dom-ih-noh-sen-TEEsis)
the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
acronym
(ACK-roh-nim)
a word formed from the initial letter or letters of the major parts of a compound term
angiography
(an-jee-OG-rah-fee)
a radiographic (x-ray) study of the blood vessels after
the injection of a contrast medium
appendectomy
(ap-en-DECK-toh-mee)
the surgical removal of the appendix
appendicitis
(ah-pen-dih-SIGH-tis)
an inflammation of the appendix
arterionecrosis
(ar-tee-ree-oh-neh-KROHsis)
the tissue death of an
artery or arteries
arteriosclerosis
(ar-tee-ree-oh-skleh-ROHsis)
the abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or
arteries
arthralgia
(ar-THRAL-jee-ah)
joint pain
colostomy
(koh-LAHS-toh-mee)
the surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the body surface
diagnosis
(dye-ag-NOH-sis)
identification of the disease
edema
(eh-DEE-mah)
excess fluid in body tissues, causing swelling.
endarterial
(end-ar-TEE-ree-al)
pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery
endoscopy
(en-DOS-koh-pee)
the visual examination of the interior of a body cavity or organ by means of an endoscope
eponym
(EP-oh-nim)
is a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first.
fissure
(FISH-ur)
a groove or crack-like sore of
the skin.
fistula
(FIS-tyou-lah)
is an abnormal passage
usually between two internal organs, or leading from an organ to the surface of the body.
Gastrodynia or Gastralgia
(gas-TRAL-jee-ah)
pain in the stomach
gastritis
(gas-TRY-tis)
an inflammation of the stomach
gastrosis
(gas-TROH-sis)
means any disease of the stomach
gerontologist
(jer-on-TOL-oh-jist)
is a specialist in diagnosing and treating
diseases, disorders, and problems associated with aging
hemorrhage
(HEM-or-idj)
the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
hepatomegaly
(hep-ah-toh-MEG-ah-lee)
the abnormal enlargement of the liver
hypertension
(high-per-TEN-shun)
higher than normal blood pressure.
hypotension
(high-poh-TEN-shun)
lower than normal blood pressure.
ileum
(ILL-ee-um)
part of the small intestine.
(Remember, ileum is spelled with an e as in intestine.)
ilium
(ILL-ee-um)
is part of the hip bone.
(Remember, ilium is spelled with an i as in hip.)
infection
(in-FECK-shun)
the invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease producing) organism. The infection may remain localized or may be systemic (affecting the entire body).
inflammation
(in-flah-MAY-shun)
is a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues.
interstitial
(in-ter-STISH-al)
means between, but not within, the parts of a tissue.
intramuscular
(in-trah-MUS-kyou-lar)
means within the muscle.
melanosis
(mel-ah-NOH-sis)
is any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in
different parts of the body
mycosis
(my-KOH-sis)
any disease caused by a fungus
myelopathy
(my-eh-LOP-ah-thee)
is any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord
myopathy
(my-OP-ah-thee)
any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue
myorrhexis
(my-oh-RECK-sis)
is the rupture of a muscle
neonatology
(nee-oh-nay-TOL-oh-jee)
is the study of disorders of the newborn
neuritis
(new-RYE-tis)
is inflammation of a nerve or nerves
neuroplasty
(NEW-roh-plas-tee)
is the surgical repair of a nerve
otolaryngology
(oh-toh-lar-in-GOL-oh-jee)
the study of the ears and larynx or throat
otorhinolaryngology
(oh-toh-rye-noh-lar-in-GOL-oh-jee)
the study of the ears, nose, and throat
palpation
(pal-PAY-shun)
is an examination technique
in which the examiner’s ands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts.
perinatal
(pehr-ih-NAY-tal)
the time and events surrounding birth
postnatal
(pohst-NAY-tal)
the time and events after birth
prognosis
(prog-NOH-sis)
is a forecast or prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
prostate
(PROS-tayt)
a male gland that
lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the
urethra.
prostrate
(PROS-trayt)
means to collapse and be
lying flat or to be overcome with exhaustion.
pyelitis
(pye-eh-LYE-tis)
is an inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyoderma
(pye-oh-DER-mah)
any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo
subcostal
(sub-KOS-tal)
means below a rib or ribs.
supination
(soo-pih-NAY-shun)
the act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward.
suppuration
(sup-you-RAY-shun)
the formation or discharge of pus.
supracostal
(sue-prah-KOS-tal)
means above or outside the ribs.
symptom
(SIMP-tum)
subjective evidence of a disease such as pain or a headache.
syndrome
(SIN-drohm)
the signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process.
tonsillectomy
(ton-sih-LECK-toh-mee)
the surgical removal of the tonsils
tonsillitis
(ton-sih-LYE-tis)
is an inflammation of the tonsils
trauma
(TRAW-mah)
means wound or injury.
These are the types of injuries that might occur in
an accident, shooting, natural disaster, or fire.
triage
(tree-AHZH)
the medical screening of
patients to determine their relative priority of need
and the proper place of treatment. For example,
emergency personnel arriving on an accident scene
must identify which of the injured require care first
and determine where they can be treated most
effectively.
viral
(VYE-ral)
means pertaining to a virus
virile
(VIR-ill)
means possessing masculine traits.