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122 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
drug (medicine)
substance used to prevent or treat a condition or disease; obtained from plants, animals, synthesized (in a laboratory)
vitamins
drugs that are isolated from plant or animal sources & are contained in foods
Hospital Formulatory & Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR)
two large reference listings of drugs
Types of parenteral administration
1-intracavitary injection
2-intradermal injection
3-intramuscular injection
4-intrathecal injection (IM)
5-intravenous injection (IV)
6-subcutaneous injection (SC)
analgesics
a drug that lessens pain
anesthetics
an agent that reduces or eliminates sensation
antibiotics & antivirals
antibiotic is a chemical substance produced by a microorganism that inhibits or kills bacteria, fungi, or parasites & antivirals are used against viruses
anticoagulants & antiplatelet
anticoagulant prevent clotting of blood & antiplatelet reduce the tendency of platelets to stick together
anticonvulsants
prevents or reduces the frequency of convulsions in various types of epilepsy
antidepressants
treat symptoms of depression
antidiabetics
used to treat diabetes
antihistamine
drug that block the action of histamine which is normally released in the body in allergic reactions
antiosteoporosis
osteroporosis is a disorder marked by abnormal loss of bone density, help prevent bone loss and some increase bone formation
cardiovascular drugs
act on the heart or the blood vessels to treat hypertension, angina, heart attack, congestive heart failure, and arrhythmias
endocrine
drugs act in much the same ways as the naturally occurring hormones
gastrointestinal
often used to relieve uncomfortable and potentially dangerous symptoms, rather than as cures for specific diseases
respiratory
treat asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and bronchospasm
sedatives & hypnotics
medications that depress the CNS and promote drowsiness and sleep
stimulants
act on the brain to speed up vital processes (heart and respiration) in cases of shock and collapse
tranquilizer
drugs are useful for controlling anxiety
addiction
physical and psychological dependence on and craving for a drug
additive action
drug action in which the combination of two similar drugs is equal to the sum of the effects of each
brand name
commercial name for drug; trademark
chemical name
chemical formula for a drug
contraindications
factors in the patient's condition that prevent the use of a particular drug or treatment
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
governmental agency having the legal responsibility for enforcing proper drug manufacture and clinical use
generic name
legal noncommercial name for a drug
iatrogenic
condition caused by treatment (drugs or procedures) given by medical personnel
idiosyncrasy
unexpected effect produced in a particularly sesitive individual but not seen in most patients
inhalation
administration of drugs in gaseous or vapor form through the nose or mouth
oral administration
drugs given by mouth
parenteral administration
drugs are given by injection into the skin, muscles or veins (any route other than through the digestive tract)
pharmacist
prepares and dispenses drugs
pharmacy
location for preparing and dispensing drugs; also the study of preparing and dispensing drugs
pharmacologist
specialist in the properties, uses, and actions of drugs
pharmacology
study of the preparation, properties, uses, and action of drugs
Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR)
Reference bk that lists drug products
rectal administration
drugs are inserted through the anus into the rectum
side effect
toxic effect that routinely results from the use of a drug
sublingual administration
drugs are given by placement under the tongue
synergism
combination of two drugs causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug alone
tolerance
larger and larger drug doses must be given to acheive the desired effect; the patient becomes resistant to the action of a drug as treatment progresses
topical application
drugs are applied locally on the skin or mucous membranes of the body; ointments, creams, and lotions are applied topically
toxicity
harmful effects of a drug
vitamin
substance found in foods and essential in small quantities for growth and good health
analgesic
relieves pain
anesthetic
reduces or eliminates sensation; general and local
antibiotic
chemical substance produced by a plant or microorganism, that has the ability to inhibit or kill foreign organisms in the body
anticoagulant
prevents blood clotting
anticonvulsant
prevents convulsions (abnormal brain activity)
antidepressant
relieves symptoms of depression
antidiabetic
drug given to prevent or alleviate diabetes mellitus
antihistamine
blocks the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy
antiplatelet
reduces the tendency of platelets to stick together
antiviral
acts against viruses such as the herpes virus and HIV
cardiovascular
acts on the heart and blood vessels, includes ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, calcium antagonists, cholesterol-lowering drugs & diuretics
endocrine
a hormone or hormone-like drug
gastrointestinal
relieves symptoms of diseases in the gastrointestinal tract
hypnotic
produces sleep
respiratory
treats asthma, emphysema, and infections of the respiratory system
sedative
a mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes without necessarily producing sleep
stimulant
excites and promotes activity
tranquilizer
controls anxiety and severe disturbances of behavior
aer/o
air
alges/o
sensitivity to pain
bronch/o
bronchial tube
chem/o
drug
cras/o
mixture
cutane/o
skin
derm/o
skin
erg/o
work
esthes/o
feeling, sensation
hist/o
tissue
hypn/o
sleep
iatr/o
treatment
lingu/o
tongue
myc/o
mold, fungus
narc/o
stupor
or/o
mouth
pharmac/o
drug
prurit/o
itching
pyret/o
fever
thec/o
sheath (of brain and spinal cord)
tox/o
poison
toxic/o
poison
vas/o
vessel
ven/o
vein
vit/o
life
ana-
upward, excessive, again
anti-
against
contra-
against, opposite
par-
other than, apart from
syn-
together, with
a.c.
before meals
ad lib
freely as desired
b.i.d.
two times a day
c
with
caps
capsule
FDA
Food and Drug Administration
gm
gram
gt, gtt
drops
h
hour
IM
intramuscular
IV
intravenous
NPO
nothing by mouth
OS
mouth
oz.
ounce
p.c.
after meals
PDR
Physicians' Desk Reference
p.o.
by mouth
p.r.n.
when requested
pt
patient
Q (q)
every
q.d.
every day
q.h.
every hour
q.h.s
every bedtime
q.i.d.
four times a day
s
without
s.o.s.
if necessary
sc, subcut
subcutaneous
tab
tablet
t.i.d.
three times daily