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74 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
surgical puncture
Arthrocentesis - Puncture of a joint space with a needle to withdraw fluid. May also be performed to obtain samples of synovial fluid for diagnostic purposes, instill medications, and remove joint fluid to reduce pain.
to break; surgical fracture
Osteoclasis - Surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity.
binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
Arthrodesis - Binding together of a joint. Is a surgical procedure to fuse bones across the joint space in a degenerated, unstable joint.
excision, removal
Appendectomy - Excision of the appendix.
separation, destruction, loosening
Thrombolysis - Destruction of a blood clot. Drug therapy is usually used to dissolve a blood clot.
fixation (of an organ)
Mastopexy - Is an elective surgery performed to affix sagging breasts in a more elevated position, commonly improving their shape.
surgical repair
Rhinoplasty - Surgical repair of the nose. Plastic surgery to improve the size and shape of the nose.
Myorrhaphy - Suture of a muscle
forming an opening (mouth)
Tracheostomy - Forming and opening into the trachea. An artificial opening in the trachea used to bypass an obstructed upper airway.
instrument to cut
Osteotome - Instrument to cut bone. A surgical chisel to cut through bone.
Tracheotomy - Incision (through the neck) into the trachea. Used to gain access to an airway below a blockage.
Lithotripsy - Crushing a stone. Surgical procedure used to eliminate a stone in the kidney ureter, or gallbladder.
record, writing
electrocardiogram - Record of the electrical activity of the heart.
instrument for recording
Cardiograph - Instrument for recording the electrical activity of the heart.
process of recording
Angiography - Process of recording blood vessels. Radiographic imaging of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
instrument for measuring
Pelvimeter - Instrument for measuring the pelvis.
act of measuring
Pelvimetry - Act of measuring the dimensions of the pelvis.
instrument for examining
Endoscope - A flexible or rigid instrument consisting of a tube and an optical system for observing inside a hollow organ or body cavity.
visual examination
Endoscopy - Visual examination of within. Use of an endoscope.
Neuralgia - Pain of a nerve. Pain of neuralgia usually occurs along the pathway of a nerve.**
Otodynia - Pain in the ear. Earache.
hernia, swelling
Hepatocele - Hernia of the liver.
dilation, expansion
Bronchiectasis - Dilation or expansion of one or more bronchi. Is associated with various lung conditions and is often accompanied by infection.
Lymphedema - Swelling and accumulation of tissue fluid. May be caused by the blockage of lymph vessels.
Hyperemesis - Excessive vomiting.
blood condition
Anemia - Blood condition caused by a decrease in RBCs.
forming, producing, origin
Carcinogen - Forming, producing, or origin of cancer. Is a substance or agent, such as cigarettes, that causes or increases the incidence of cancer.
forming, producing, origin
Carcinogenesis - Forming or producing cancer. Is the transformation of normal cells into cancer cells. Commonly a result of chemical, viral, or radioactive damage to genes.
abnormal condition (produced by something specific.
Cholelithiasis - Presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct.
Gastritis - Inflammation of the stomach.
Cholelith - Gallstone
Chondromalacia - Softening of the articular cartilage, usually involving the patella.
Cardiomegaly - Enlargement of the heart.
Neuroma - A benign tumor composed chiefly of neurons and nerve fibers, usually arising from a nerve tissue. It may also be swelling of a nerve resulting from compression.
abnormal condition; increase (primarily associated with blood cells)
Cyanosis - Dark blue or purple discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane. Indicates a deficiency of oxygen in the blood.
Myopathy - Disease of muscle.
decrease, deficiency
Erythropenia - Decrease in RBCs
eating, swallowing
Dysphagia - inability or difficulty with swallowing.
Aphasia - Absence or impairment of speech.
Hemophobia - Fear of blood.
formation, growth
Dysplasia - Abnormal formation or growth of cells, tissue, or organs.
formation, growth
Neoplasm - New formation or growth of tissue. It is an abnormal formation of new tissue such as a tumor.
Hemiplegia - Paralysis of one half of the body. Affects the right side or left side and usually associated with a brain injury or stroke.
prolapse, downward placement
Blepharoptosis - Dropping of the upper eyelid.
bursting forth
Hemorrhage - The bursting forth of blood. Usually refers to a large loss of blood in a short period of time, either internally or externally.
bursting forth
Menorrhagia - Profuse discharge of blood during menstruation.
discharge, flow
Diarrhea - Abnormally frequent discharge of flow of fluid fecal matter from the bowel.
Arteriorrhexis - Rupture of an artery.
abnormal condition of hardening
Arteriosclerosis - Abnormal condition of hardening of an artery.
involuntary contraction, twitching
Blepharospasm - Twitching of an eyelid.
narrowing, stricture
Arteriostenosis - Abnormal narrowing of an artery.
Hepatotoxic - Poisonous to the liver.
nourishment, development
Dystrophy - Bad nourishment.
pertaining to
Cardiac - Pertaining to the heart.
pertaining to
Neural - Pertaining to a nerve.
pertaining to
Muscular - Pertaining to muscle.
pertaining to
Pulmonary - Pertaining to the lungs.
pertaining to
Esophageal - Pertaining to the esophagus.
pertaining to
Thoracic - Pertaining to the chest.
pertaining to
Pathological - Pertaining to the study of disease.
pertaining to
Penile - Pertaining to the penis
pertaining to
Posterior - Pertaining to the back of the body.
pertaining to
Cutaneous - Pertaining to the skin.
pertaining to
Acoustic - Pertaining to hearing.
Diuresis - Abnormal secretion of large amounts of urine.
Pneumonia - Infection of the lung usually caused by bacteria, viruses, or disease.
Hyperthyroidism - Condition characterized by overactivity of the thyroid gland.
medicine, treatment
Podiatry - Specialty concerned with the treatment and prevention of conditions of the feet.
Obstetrician - Physician who specializes with medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth.
Hematologist - Physician who specializes in the treatment of disorders of the blood and blood-forming tissues.
condition; process
Neuropathy - Disease condition of the nerves.
small, minute
Ventricle - Small cavity, as in the brain or heart.
small, minute
Arteriole - The smallest of the arteries. Arteries narrow to form arterioles, which branch into capillaries.
small, minute
Venule - Small vein, continuous with a capillary.