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74 Cards in this Set

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-centesis
surgical puncture
Arthrocentesis - Puncture of a joint space with a needle to withdraw fluid. May also be performed to obtain samples of synovial fluid for diagnostic purposes, instill medications, and remove joint fluid to reduce pain.
-clasis
to break; surgical fracture
Osteoclasis - Surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity.
-desis
binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
Arthrodesis - Binding together of a joint. Is a surgical procedure to fuse bones across the joint space in a degenerated, unstable joint.
-ectomy
excision, removal
Appendectomy - Excision of the appendix.
-lysis
separation, destruction, loosening
Thrombolysis - Destruction of a blood clot. Drug therapy is usually used to dissolve a blood clot.
-pexy
fixation (of an organ)
Mastopexy - Is an elective surgery performed to affix sagging breasts in a more elevated position, commonly improving their shape.
-plasty
surgical repair
Rhinoplasty - Surgical repair of the nose. Plastic surgery to improve the size and shape of the nose.
-rrhaphy
suture
Myorrhaphy - Suture of a muscle
-stomy
forming an opening (mouth)
Tracheostomy - Forming and opening into the trachea. An artificial opening in the trachea used to bypass an obstructed upper airway.
-stome
instrument to cut
Osteotome - Instrument to cut bone. A surgical chisel to cut through bone.
-tomy
incision
Tracheotomy - Incision (through the neck) into the trachea. Used to gain access to an airway below a blockage.
-tripsy
crushing
Lithotripsy - Crushing a stone. Surgical procedure used to eliminate a stone in the kidney ureter, or gallbladder.
-gram
record, writing
electrocardiogram - Record of the electrical activity of the heart.
-graph
instrument for recording
Cardiograph - Instrument for recording the electrical activity of the heart.
-graphy
process of recording
Angiography - Process of recording blood vessels. Radiographic imaging of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
-meter
instrument for measuring
Pelvimeter - Instrument for measuring the pelvis.
-metry
act of measuring
Pelvimetry - Act of measuring the dimensions of the pelvis.
-scope
instrument for examining
Endoscope - A flexible or rigid instrument consisting of a tube and an optical system for observing inside a hollow organ or body cavity.
-scopy
visual examination
Endoscopy - Visual examination of within. Use of an endoscope.
-algia
pain
Neuralgia - Pain of a nerve. Pain of neuralgia usually occurs along the pathway of a nerve.**
-dynia
pain
Otodynia - Pain in the ear. Earache.
-cele
hernia, swelling
Hepatocele - Hernia of the liver.
-ectasis
dilation, expansion
Bronchiectasis - Dilation or expansion of one or more bronchi. Is associated with various lung conditions and is often accompanied by infection.
-edema
swelling
Lymphedema - Swelling and accumulation of tissue fluid. May be caused by the blockage of lymph vessels.
-emesis
vommiting
Hyperemesis - Excessive vomiting.
-emia
blood condition
Anemia - Blood condition caused by a decrease in RBCs.
-gen
forming, producing, origin
Carcinogen - Forming, producing, or origin of cancer. Is a substance or agent, such as cigarettes, that causes or increases the incidence of cancer.
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
Carcinogenesis - Forming or producing cancer. Is the transformation of normal cells into cancer cells. Commonly a result of chemical, viral, or radioactive damage to genes.
-iasis
abnormal condition (produced by something specific.
Cholelithiasis - Presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct.
-itis
inflammation
Gastritis - Inflammation of the stomach.
-lith
stone
Cholelith - Gallstone
-malacia
softening
Chondromalacia - Softening of the articular cartilage, usually involving the patella.
-megaly
enlargement
Cardiomegaly - Enlargement of the heart.
-oma
tumor
Neuroma - A benign tumor composed chiefly of neurons and nerve fibers, usually arising from a nerve tissue. It may also be swelling of a nerve resulting from compression.
-osis
abnormal condition; increase (primarily associated with blood cells)
Cyanosis - Dark blue or purple discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane. Indicates a deficiency of oxygen in the blood.
-pathy
disease
Myopathy - Disease of muscle.
-penia
decrease, deficiency
Erythropenia - Decrease in RBCs
-phagia
eating, swallowing
Dysphagia - inability or difficulty with swallowing.
-phasia
speech
Aphasia - Absence or impairment of speech.
-phobia
fear
Hemophobia - Fear of blood.
-plasia
formation, growth
Dysplasia - Abnormal formation or growth of cells, tissue, or organs.
-plasm
formation, growth
Neoplasm - New formation or growth of tissue. It is an abnormal formation of new tissue such as a tumor.
-plegia
paralysis
Hemiplegia - Paralysis of one half of the body. Affects the right side or left side and usually associated with a brain injury or stroke.
-ptosis
prolapse, downward placement
Blepharoptosis - Dropping of the upper eyelid.
-rrhage
bursting forth
Hemorrhage - The bursting forth of blood. Usually refers to a large loss of blood in a short period of time, either internally or externally.
-rrhagia
bursting forth
Menorrhagia - Profuse discharge of blood during menstruation.
-rrhea
discharge, flow
Diarrhea - Abnormally frequent discharge of flow of fluid fecal matter from the bowel.
-rrhexis
rupture
Arteriorrhexis - Rupture of an artery.
-sclerosis
abnormal condition of hardening
Arteriosclerosis - Abnormal condition of hardening of an artery.
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching
Blepharospasm - Twitching of an eyelid.
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture
Arteriostenosis - Abnormal narrowing of an artery.
-toxic
poison
Hepatotoxic - Poisonous to the liver.
-trophy
nourishment, development
Dystrophy - Bad nourishment.
-ac
pertaining to
Cardiac - Pertaining to the heart.
-al
pertaining to
Neural - Pertaining to a nerve.
-ar
pertaining to
Muscular - Pertaining to muscle.
-ary
pertaining to
Pulmonary - Pertaining to the lungs.
-eal
pertaining to
Esophageal - Pertaining to the esophagus.
-ic
pertaining to
Thoracic - Pertaining to the chest.
-ical
pertaining to
Pathological - Pertaining to the study of disease.
-ile
pertaining to
Penile - Pertaining to the penis
-ior
pertaining to
Posterior - Pertaining to the back of the body.
-ous
pertaining to
Cutaneous - Pertaining to the skin.
-tic
pertaining to
Acoustic - Pertaining to hearing.
-esis
condition
Diuresis - Abnormal secretion of large amounts of urine.
-ia
condition
Pneumonia - Infection of the lung usually caused by bacteria, viruses, or disease.
-ism
condition
Hyperthyroidism - Condition characterized by overactivity of the thyroid gland.
-iatry
medicine, treatment
Podiatry - Specialty concerned with the treatment and prevention of conditions of the feet.
-ician
specialist
Obstetrician - Physician who specializes with medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth.
-ist
specialist
Hematologist - Physician who specializes in the treatment of disorders of the blood and blood-forming tissues.
-y
condition; process
Neuropathy - Disease condition of the nerves.
-icle
small, minute
Ventricle - Small cavity, as in the brain or heart.
-ole
small, minute
Arteriole - The smallest of the arteries. Arteries narrow to form arterioles, which branch into capillaries.
-ule
small, minute
Venule - Small vein, continuous with a capillary.