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122 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
gastr
stomach
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
hemat
blood
-emesis
vomiting
hematemesis
vomiting of blood
arthritis
inflammation of a joint
-dynia
pain
gastrodynia
pain in the stomach
-logy
study of
hematology
study of blood
-centesis
surgical puncture
arthrocentesis
surgical puncture of a joint
encephal/o
brain
mening
meninges
encephalomeningitis
inflammation of brain and meninges
surgical suffixes describe a type of
invasive procedure performed on a body part
diagnostic suffixes denote a precedure or test
performed to identify the cause and nature of an illness
pathological suffixes describe an
abnormal condition or disease
-clasis
to break; surgical fracture
osteoclasis
surgical fracture of a bone in order to correct a deformity
-desis
binding, fixation(of a bone or joint)
-ectomy
excision, removal
-lysis
separation; destruction; loosening
thromb/o
blood clot
thrombolysis
dissolution of a blood clot
-pexy
fixation (of an organ)
mast/o
breast
mastopexy
surgical fixation of the breast(s)
-plasty
surgical repair
rhin/o
nose
rhinoplasty
surgical repair in which the structure of the nose is changed
-rrhaphy(surgical)
suture
myorrhaphy
suture of a muscle
-stomy(surgical)
forming an opening (mouth)
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
tracheostomy
artificial opening through the neck into the trachea into which a breathing tube is inserted
-tome(surgical)
instrument to cut
osteotome
surgical instrument for cutting through bone
-tomy(surgical)
incision
tracheotomy
incision through the neck into the trachea
-tripsy(surgical)
crushing
lith/o
stone, calculus
lithotripsy
crushing of a stone
-gram
record, writing
electr/o
electricity
electrocardiogram
graphic recording of the electrical activity of the heart
-graph
instrument for recording
cardiograph
instrument used to record electrical activity of the heart
-graphy
process of recording
angi/o
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
angiography
radiographic image of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium
-meter
instrument for measuring
pelv/i
pelvis
-metry
act of measuring
-scope
instrument for examining
endo-
in, within
endoscopy
visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope
-scopy
visual examination
-algia
pain
-dynia
pain
neuralgia
pain occurring along the path of a nerve
otodynia
pain in the ear; earache
-cele
hernia, swelling
hepatocele
hernia of the liver
-ectasis
dilation, expansion
bronchi
bronchus
bronchiectasis
abnormal dilation of one or more bronchi
-edema
swelling
lymphedema
swelling and accumulation of tissue fluid
hyper-
excessive, above normal
hyperemesis
excessive vomiting
-emia
blood condition
anemia
blood condition caused by iron deficiency or decrease in red blood cells
-gen
forming, producing, origin
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
carcin/o
cancer
carcinogenesis
the process of initiating and promoting cancer
-iasis
abnormal condition(produced by something specific)
chol/e
bile, gall
cholelithiasis
presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct
-malacia
softening
chondr/o
cartilage
chondromalacia
softening of the articular carilage, usually involving the patella
-osis
abnormal condition; increase(used primarily with blood cells)
-penia
decrease, deficiency
erythropenia
abnormal decrease in red blood cells
-phagia
eating, swallowing
dys-
bad; painful; difficult
dysphagia
inability or difficulty in swallowing
-phasia
speech
aphasia
absence or impairment of speech
-phobia
fear
hem/o
blood
-plasia
formation, growth
-plasm
formation, growth
neo-
new
-plegia
paralysis
hemi-
one half
-rrhage
bursting (of)
-rrhagia
bursting (of)
men/o
menses, menstruation
-rrhea
discharge, flow
dia-
through, across
-rrhexis
rupture
arteri/o
artery
arteriorrhexis
rupture of an artery
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching
blephar/o
eyelid
blepharospasm
twitching of the eyelid
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture
-toxic
poison
-trophy
nourishment, development
-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal
pertaining to, relating to
-ic, -ical, -ile, -ior,
-ous, -tic
pertaining to, relating to
-esis, -ia, -ism
condition
-iatry
medicine; treatment
-ician, -ist
specialist
-y
condition; process
neuropathy
disease of the nerves
-icle, -ole, -ule
small, minute
-ous
composed of, producing
episiotomy
incision of the perineum