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173 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ABG
arterial blood gas
AFB
acid-fast bacilli
AP
anterior posterior (used with x-ray views)
ARDS
acute respiratory distress syndrome
BiPAP
bilevel positive airway pressure
CO2
carbon dioxide
COLD
chronic obstructive lung disease
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP
continuous positive airway pressure
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CXR
chest x-ray
DNR
do not resuscitate
IRDS
infant respiratory distress syndrome
IPPB
intermittent positive pressure breathing
IS
incentive spirometry
MDL
metered-dose inhaler
O2
oxygen
PA
posterior anterior (used in x-ray views)
PAP
positive airway pressure
PEEP
positive function test
PFT
pulmonary function test
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome
SOB
shortness of breath
TB
turerculosis
URI
upper respiratory infection
VC
vital capacity
aer/o
air
alveol/o
hollow sac
bronch/o
airway
bronchiol/o
bronchiole
laryng/o
larynx
nas/o
nose
ox/o
oxygen molecule
pharyng/o
throat
phon/o
sound
phren/o
diaphragm
pleur/o
rib area
pne/o
breath
pneum/o
lung, air
pulmon/o
lung
rhin/o
nose
thorac/o
chest
trache/o
windpipe
Adam's apple
projection on the anterior neck formed by the thyroid cartilage of the larynx
alveolus
grapelike portion at the terminal end of the bronchial tree; the area wher oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged
apex
top portion of the lung located beneath the upper ribs
bronchial tree
portion of the lower respiratory tract that looks like a tree, consisting of the two primary bronchi, like the trunk of the tree; the bronchioles, like the branches; and the alveoli, like the leaves
bronchiole
subdivision of the bronchi (less than 1 mm in diameter); part of the bronchial tree
bronchus
section of the respiratory tract formed from the trachea; it branches into right and left sections
capillary
smallest unit of the vascular system; location of oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange
carbon dioxide
gas molecule removed from the body by the process of respiration
cilia
hairlike structures that line certain structures within the body to move substances; the cilia in the respiratory tract move foreign substances up nad toward the outside world
epiglottis
elastic cartilage that acts as a valve over the glottis to prevent food from being aspirated inot the trachea during swallowing
esophagus
structure between the pharynx and the stomach
expiration
process of breathing out; exhalation
inspiration
process of breathing in; inhalation
intercostal muscles
muscles between the ribs
laryngopharynx
area of the pharynx above the opening of the larynx
larynx
area of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trchea;contains the vocal cords
lobes
sections of an organ or body part
lungs
organs within the chest cavity in which respiration and gas exchange take place
mouth
oral cavity
mucosa
mucous tissue that lines many structures in the body
naris
opening of the noes; nostril
nasal septum
separation of the nasal cavity
nasopharynx
part of the pharynx located above the soft palate that open into the nasal cavity and connects with the oropharynx
nose
opening of the body that provides air intry
olfactory
relating to smell
ofopharynx
area of the pharynx behind the mouth that joins the nasopharynx
oxygen
gaseous element
paranasal sinuses
cavities in the head that surround the nose; they lighten the weight of the skull
pharynx
area between the mought and nasal cavities and the esophagus; the throat
pleura (general use and sing)
membrane surrounding the lungs
pulmonology
relating to the lungs; the area of medical practice concerned with the lungs
respiration
process of breathing
surfactant
substance secreted into the alveoli to decrease surface tension
trachea
air tube that leads from the larynx into the chest
cyanosis
bluish color associated with decreased oxygen
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
fremitus
vibration transmitted to the hand lying on the chest
hypercapnia
having too much carbon dioxide
bronchophony
while a patient is speaking, the examiner listens through the stethoscope and the sounds should not be understood
egophony
nasal quality heard through stethoscope
pleural rub
sounds loudest at the end of inspiration; caused by the lung wall scraping against the pleura
rales
heard during forced respiration usually at the end of inspiration; caused by air rushing through the mucus
rhonchi
continuous sounds, usually more prominent during expiration and clesred with coughing; loud gurgling noises transmitted from secretions in the pharynx
stridor
high-pitched, like wind blowing, indicating obstruction of the larynx or trachea
wheeze
whistling, squeaking, musical sound made by air passing through narrowed airways
hypoxia
having too little oxygen
orthopnea
difficulty breathing when lying down
stridor
high-pitched, noisy breath indicating a tracheal obstruction
tachypnea
rapid breathing
asthma
disorder in which airways are temporarily narrowed, resulting in difficulty in breathing, coughing, gasping, and wheezing
atelictasis
absence of gasis from the lungs because of the inability of the alveoli to expand
bronchiectasis
dilation of the bronchi or bronchioles as a result of inflammatory disease or obstruction
bronchiolitis
inflammation of the bronchioles
bronchogenic carcinoma
lung cancer
croup
laryngotracheobronchitis caused by a parainfluenza virus in infants and young children
cystic fibrosis
hereditary disorder characterized by respiratory difficulties and frequent, mushy, foul-smelling stools because of missing pancreatic enzymes
pulmonology
relating to the lungs; the area of medical practice concerned with the lungs
respiration
process of breathing
emphysema
chronic condition of increased air in the alveoli that cannot be exhaled
surfactant
substance secreted into the alveoli to decrease surface tension
epiglottiis
usually an acute illness caused by the 'Haemophilus influenzai' type b organism; may cause respiratory obstruction
mesothelioma
type of lung cancer of the pleura
trachea
air tube that leads from the larynx into the chest
pleural effusion
condition in which fluid from the body accumulates in the pleural cavity
cyanosis
bluish color associated with decreased oxygen
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
fremitus
vibration transmitted to the hand lying on the chest
hypercapnia
having too much carbon dioxide
bronchophony
while a patient is speaking, the examiner listens through the stethoscope and the sounds should not be understood
egophony
nasal quality heard through stethoscope
pleural rub
sounds loudest at the end of inspiration; caused by the lung wall scraping against the pleura
rales
heard during forced respiration usually at the end of inspiration; caused by air rushing through the mucus
rhonchi
continuous sounds, usually more prominent during expiration and clesred with coughing; loud gurgling noises transmitted from secretions in the pharynx
stridor
high-pitched, like wind blowing, indicating obstruction of the larynx or trachea
wheeze
whistling, squeaking, musical sound made by air passing through narrowed airways
hypoxia
having too little oxygen
orthopnea
difficulty breathing when lying down
stridor
high-pitched, noisy breath indicating a tracheal obstruction
tachypnea
rapid breathing
asthma
disorder in which airways are temporarily narrowed, resulting in difficulty in breathing, coughing, gasping, and wheezing
atelectasis
absence of gases from the lungs because of the inability of the alvioli to expand
bronchiectasis
dilation of the bronchi or bronchioles as a result of inflammatory disease or obstruction
bronchiolitis
inflammation of the bronchioles
bronchogenic carcinoma
lung cancer
croup
laryngotracheobronchitis caused by a parainfluenza virus in infants and young children
cystic fibrosis
hereditary disorder characterized by respiratory difficulties and frequent, mushy foul-smelling stools because of missing pancreatic enzymes
emphysema
chronic condition of increased air in the alveoli that cannot be exhaled
epiglottitis
usually an acute illness caused by the 'Haemophilue influenzai' type b organism; may cause respiratory obstruction
mesothelioma
type of lung cancer of the pleura
pleural effusion
condition in which fluid from the body accumulates in the pleural cavity
pleurisy
imflammation of the pleura (membrane around the lungs)
pneumonia
inflammation of the lung tissue
pneumothorax
condition in which air is present in the pleural cavity
sinusitis
inflammation of one of the paranasal sinuses
tuberculosis
disease caused by the organism 'Myobacterium tuberculosis'; forms infectious tubercles
ERV
expiratory reserve volume
FEF
forced expiratory flow
FEF25-75
forced midexpiratory flow during the middle half of the FVC
FEV
forced expiratory volume
FEV1
forced expiratory volume in 1 second
FEV3
forced expiratory volume in 3 seconds
FVC
forced vital capacity
FVL
flow volume loop
IRV
inspiratory reserve volume
PEF
peak expiratory flow
RV
residual volume
TV
tidal volume
VC
vital capacity
bronchoscopy
examination of the brochi
endoscopy
examination of interior structures of the body with an endoscope
intubation
insertion of a tube into the nose or mouth to provide for artificial breathing
laryngectomy
surgical removal of the larynx
laryngoscopy
procedure to view the larynx using and endoscope
laryngotomy
surgical incision of the larynx
lobectomy
surgical removal of a lobe of the lung
pulmonary function tests
tests using a special instrument called a spirometer to measure the function of the lungs
rhinoplasty
procedure to correct the nose for either physiologic or cosmetic reasons
spirometry
pulmonary function test
thoracentesis
procedure to place a hole in the pleural space to remove fluid
thoracotomy
incision into the chest wall
tracheotomy
trachostomy
surgical procedure to make an opening into the trachea (throat)f
allergy preparations
decrease the symptoms of allergies
antibiotics
antibacterials
antimicrobials
treat bacterial infections
antifungals
treat fungal infections
antimycobacterial
treat 'mycobacterium' infections
antivirals
treat viral disease
antipyretics
decrease fever
antitussives
suppress cough
asthma preparations
open the respiratory airways and preven further constriction
decongestants
decrease the stuffy nose and congested sinus cavities associated with URI