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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anatomic Position
Standing upright, arms to sides, feet flat on the floor, face, palms, and toes forward.
Supine
Lying on back, face and palms up.
Dorsal Lithotomy Position
a.k.a. lithotomy position
Suppine with patient's buttocks at the end of the operating table, hips and knees up and apart and feet strapped in supports.
Dorsal Recumbent Position
Suppine with knees bent, hips rotated outward, and feet flat
Laparotomy Position
Supine with only the upper torso exposed
Trendelenburg Position
Laparotomy position with the patient inclined 45 degrees so that the pelvis is higher than the head.
Four Main Body Cavities
cranial (upper dorsal)
spinal (lower dorsal)
throacic (upper ventral)
abdominopelvic (lower ventral)
Cranial Cavity
a.k.a. Upper Dorsal Cavity
Houses the brain (and pituitary gland)
Upper Dorsal Cavity
a.k.a. Cranial Cavity
Encases the brain
Spinal Cavity
a.k.a. Lower Dorsal Cavity
Surrounds the spinal cord.
Lower Dorsal Cavity
a.k.a. Spinal Cavity or Spinal/Vertebral Canal
Surrounds the spinal cord.
Thoracic Cavity
a.k.a. Upper Ventral Cavity
Houses the heart, esophagus, and organs of the respiratory system -- the lungs, trachea, and bronchi
Upper Ventral Cavity
a.k.a. Thoracic Cavity
Houses the heart, esophagus, and organs of the respiratory system -- the lungs, trachea, and bronchi
Abdominopelvic Cavity
a.k.a. Lower Ventral Cavity
Houses the organs of the digestive, reproductive, and excretory systems
Lower Ventral Cavity
a.k.a. Abdominopelvic Cavity
Houses the organs of the digestive, reproductive, and excretory systems
Anterior
a.k.a. Ventral
Toward the front of the body
Ventral
a.k.a. Anterior
Toward the front of the body
Posterior
a.k.a. Dorsal
Toward the back of the body or "behind"
Dorsal
a.k.a. Posterior
Toward the back of the body or "behind"
Anteroposterior
(AP)
View going through the body from anterior to posterior. (AP view is used when describing x-ray reports)
Medial
Toward the midline of the body
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body.
Ipsilateral
On the same side of the body.
Contralateral
On the opposite side of the body.
Proximal
Nearest to the trunk or point of origin.
Distal
Farthest from the center of the body or point of origin.
Superior
a.k.a. Cephalic
directed toward or situated on or in or near the head.
Cranial
Pertaining to or toward the skull.
Inferior
Away from the head or toward the lower part of the body structure; opposite of superior
Caudad
Situated farther from the head in relation to a specific reference point; opposite of cranidad
Cranidad
Situated nearer to the head in relation to a specific reference point; opposite of caudad
Caudal
Pertaining to the tail
Superficial
a.k.a. External
Pertaining to or nearer to the surface of the body
External
a.k.a. Superficial
Pertaining to or nearer to the surface of the body
Deep
a.k.a. Internal
Closer to the center of the body
Internal
a.k.a. Deep
Closer to the center of the body
Palmar
On or toward the palm of the hand
Plantar
On or toward the sole of the foot
Dorsum
The upper surface of an appendage or body part.
Back, especially the entire dorsal surface of an animal.
Cephalad
Toward the head or upper part of a structure