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73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the functions of bones?(4)
-provide protections and support
-make movements possibel
-produce blood cells
-store and release calcium and phosphorus
osteblasts
create bone
osteoclasts
reabsorb bone
osteocytes
mature bone cells
ossifications
the process of bone formation
remodeling
breakdown and renewal of bone
What bones make up the axial skeleton?
the skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage, and hyoid bone
What bones make up the appendicular skeleton?
the pectoral, and pelvic girdles, and the arms and legs.
name the cranial bones
frontal bone, parietal bone, occipital bone, temporal bone, sphenoid bone, ethmoid bone
what are the facial bones?
nasal bone, zygomatic bones, vomer, mazilla, mandible, nasal conchae(or turbinates), and lacrimal bones
how many vertebrae are there?
33
What is the number of each vertebrae in each segment of the vertebral column?
cervical-7-eat breakfast @7:00
thoracic-12-eat lunch at noon
lumbar-5-eat dinner at five
what is in the thoracic cage?
the sternum, 12 pairs of ribs, costal cartilage, and the thoracic vertebrae.
What does the pectoral girdle consist of?
the clavicles, and the scapulae
what does the pelvic girdle consist of?
two coxal bones; joined antereiorly at the symphysis pubis and posteriorly at the sacrum
what does the upper extremities consist of?
humerous, ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges
what does the lower extremities consist of?
the femur, patella, tivia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, and phalanges
what is the common name for the frontal bone?
forehead
whatis the common name for the temperal bones
temples
common name for zygoma?
cheek
common name for maxilla?
upper jaw
common name for mandible
lower jaw
common name for coccyx
tail bone
common name for sternum
breast bone
common name for clavicle
collarbone
common name for scapula
shoulder blade
common name for illium
hip
humerus
upper arm
ulna
forearm
olecranon
elbow
femur
thigh
tibia
shin
patella
knee cap
calcaneus
heel
What is a joint?
the union between two bones
joint structures consist of what?
articular cartilage, joint cavity, synovial membrane, synovial fluid, and joint capsule
what are joints named after?
the bones that form the union
kyph/o
humpback
lord/o
swayback
ped/o
child
scoli/o
curved
tempor/o
termporal bone
-porosis
porous
mandibul/o
mandible; lower jaw
maxill/o
maxilla; upper jaw
xiph/o
sword
coccyg/o
coccyx; tailbone
lumb/o
-lower back; loins
sarc/o
sacrum
clavicul/o
clavicle; collarbone
scapul/o
scapula
brachi/o
arm
carp/o
wrist
olecran/o
olecranon(elbow)
radi/o
radius; one of the bones of the lower arm
uln/o
ulnar; one of the bones of the lower arm
acetabul/o
acetabulum; hip socket
ili/o
hip
calcane/o
heel
femor/o
femur; thigh bone
fibul/o
fibula
patell/a; patell/o
patella; kneecap
tibi/o
tibia; shin
burs/o
bursa(sac filled with synovial fluid located around joints)
-blast
immature
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
-clasis
surgical fracture or refracture
-clast
breakdown
-desis
surgical fusion; surgical binding
-genesis
formation
-physis
to grow
-porosis
porous
-sarcoma
malignant tumor of connective tissue