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220 Cards in this Set

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Corium
synonym for dermis
inner layer of skin
cutaneous
referring to the skin
epidermis
outer layer of skin
lunula
white crescent shaped area of a nail
sebaceous
oil-producing gland
sudoriferous
sweat-producing glands
comedo
blackhead; primary lesion in acne
cyanosis
abnormal condition signaled by bluish discoloration of tissue
cyst
closed sac or pouch in or under the skin that contains fluid or solid material
dermatomycosis
fungal infection of the skin
diaphoresis
perspiration
ecchymosis
purple patch more that 3mm in diameter caused by blood under the skin; see also petechiae
eczema
inflammatory condition of skin characterized by erythema, vesicles and crusting with scales
erythema
abnormal redness of the skin
excoriation
scratch mark; break in the skin
hemangioma
benign tumor of blood vessels; birthmark
hyperhidrosis
profuse sweating; excessive perspiration
ichthyosis
abnormally dry skin; scaly;
impetigo
inflammatory skin disease with pustules that rupture and become crusted
keloid
overgrowth of scar tissue
macule
flat discolored area that is flush with the skin; birthmark or freckle
nevus
mole; pigmented skin blemish, usually benign
nodule
small node circumscribed by swelling
onychomalacia
softening of the nails
onychopathy
any disease of the nails
papule
small circumscribed solid elevation of the skin
paronychia
infection around a nail
petechia
tiny hemorrhagic spot on the skin less than 3mm in diameter
polyp
a mass of tissue that bulges outward from the skins surface on a stem or stalk of mucous membrane
pruritis
itching
psoriasis
chronic skin condition with itchy red scaly patches
pustule
small (up to 1 cm in diameter) circumscribed elevation of the skin containing pus
scleroderma
thickening and hardening of the skin. disease
tinea
barbae
capitis
pedis
any fungal infection of the skin
beard
head
foot
urticaria
hives
verruca
wart
vesicle
small fluid filled raised lesion; blister
vitiligo
localized loss of skin pigmentation with white patches
antipruritc
agent to reduce itching
antipyretic
agent to reduce fever
debridement
removal of necrotic or dead tissue
dermatoplasty
plastic surgery repair performed on the skin
onychectomy
surgical removal of a nail
onychotomy
incision into a nail
amphiarthrosis
joint with little movement
appendicular
having to do with something attached
axial
straight line through the body
brachial
having to do with an arm
bursa
sac-like connective structure found in some joints
calcaneus
the heel bone
carpal
the wrist bone
chondrogenesis
formation of cartilage
chondroid
resembling cartilage4
diaphysis
shaft of the long bone
diaphysis
synonym for synovial joint
endosteum
inner membrane layer of the bone
epiphysis
end of the long bone (distal, proximal)
extension
to straighten a joint
femur
thighbone
fibula
the lateral leg bone
flexion
bending a joint
frontal bone
one of the 6 main cranial bones
humerus
long bone extending from the shoulder to the elbow
ilium
one of the 3 bones fused together to form the hip bone
ischium
one of the 3 fused bones that form the hip bone
lumbar
lower vertebrae in spinal column
malleolus
bony protrusion on either side of the ankle
mandible
lower jaw bone
maxilla
bone above the upper teeth
medullary cavity
bone marrow cavity
metacarpal
bone extending from the wrist to the 1st knuckle in each hand
metatarsal
bone between tarsals and phalanges of the foot
os coxae
hip bone
osseous
bone tissue
ossification
bone formation
osteocytes
mature bone cells
osteogenesis
formation of bone
patella
kneecap
pectoral girdle
shoulder girdle
parietal bones
2 of the 6 cranial bones
occipital bone
1 of 6 main cranial bones
frontal bone
1 of 6 main cranial bones
parietal bones
2 of 6 main cranial bones
periosteum
membrane that surrounds the outside of the bone
pubis
1 of fused bones to form hip bone
radius
arm bone from elbow to wrist
sacrum
bone formed of 5 fused vertebrae near the base of the spinal column
scapula
shoulder blade
sternum
breast bone
suture
a fibrous membrane joining bones especially the cranial bones
synarthrosis
joint with no movement
talus
bone in the ankle that articulates with the tibia and fibula
tarsus
instep or sole of the foot; the 7 bones making up the bottom of the foot
temporal bones
2 of 6 cranial bones; on each side of head near the ears
thoracic
chest
tibia
shin bone
ulna
bone extending from elbow to wrist
xiphoid process
bony dagger like structure at the lower end of the sternum
zygomatic bones
a facial bone (cheek)
arthralgia
pain in a joint
arthrocele
swelling of a joint
arthrochondritis
inflammation of cartilage in a joint
arthrodynia
pain in a joint
arthropathy
any disorder of a joint
arthrosis
disintegration of a joint
brachialgia
pain in the arm
bursitis
inflammation of a bursa
chondrodynia
pain originating in cartilage
chodromalacia
softening of cartilage
chondropathy
disease of cartilage
chodrosarcoma
malignant tumor of cartilage
compound fracture
break in bone where bone comes through the skin
costalgia
pain in a rib
costocondritis
inflammation of rib cartilage
dactylagia
pain in a finger or toe
dactyldynia
pain in a finger or toe
dactylomegaly
megadactyly
enlargment of finger(s)/ toe(s)
kyphosis
humpback; concave curvature of the thoracic and sacral region of the spine
lordosis
swayback; abnormal anteriorly convex curvature of the lumbar part of spine
ostealgia
pain in a bone
osteitis
inflammation of bone
osteochondritis
inflammation of bone and associated cartilage
osteodynia
pain in a bone
osteomalacia
softening of bone
osteomylelitis
inflammation of bone marrow
osteopenia
abnormally low bone density
osteoporosis
atrophy and thinning of bone tissue
osteosarcoma
highly malignant tumor of bone
rickets
disease due to vit D deficiency causing deficient calcification and soft bones associated with skeletal deformities
scoliosis
lateral curvature of the spine
orthopedics
medical specialty concerned with development, preservation, restoration and function of the musculoskeletal system
rheumatology
filed of specialty that deals with joints and connective tissue disorders
arthrocentesis
removing fluid from a joint
arthrogram
radiograph of a joint
arthrometry
measurement of the amount of movement of a joint
myelogram
x-ray of the spinal column using contrast medium
reduction
realigning bone pieces to correct a fracture
traction
using elastics or pulleys to maintain bone alignment
arthrectomy
removal of a joint
arthroplasty
surgical repair of a joint
carpectomy
exision of part of the wrist
chondroplasty
surgical repair of cartilage
costectomy
excision of a rib
osteorrhaphy
suturing together parts of broken bone
osteotomy
surgical cutting of bone
vertebrectomy
excision of a vertebra
fascia
fibrous sheath of connective tissue covering a muscle
ligament
type of muscle tissue connecting bones, cartilage or other tissue structures
myocardial muscle
heart muscle
prime mover
muscle that has the principal responsibility for a given movement
tendon
a type of muscle structure
tone
tonicity
tension present in resting muscle
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
a progressive degeneraton of the nerve tracts of the spinal cord, causing muscular atrophy
asthenia
weakness
atonia
flaccidity; lack of muscle tone
atrophy
wasting of muscles
carpal tunnel syndrome
tendons going through the carpal tunnel in wrist become inflammed and swollen
epicondylitis
inflammation of tissues around elbow; tennis elbow
fibromyalgia
chronic disoder with aching and stiffness in muscles and tissues, and fatigue
hemiparesis
slight paralysis of one side of the body
hemiplegia
total paralysis of one side of the body
kinesialgia
pain resulting from movement
muscular dystrophy
inherited muscle disorder causing muscle weakness without affecting the nervous system
myasthenia gravis
immunologic disorder characterized by fluctuating weakness
myocele
hernia of a muscle
myodynia
pain in a muscle
myoma
benign neoplasm of muscle tissue
myoparesis
weakness or partial partial paralysis of a muscle
myositis
inflammation of muscle
myospasm
muscle spasm
periostitis
inflammation of the periosteium or covering surrounding a bone
plantar fasciitis
inflammation of the plantar fascia causing heel pain
tenalgia
tenodynia
pain in a tendon
tendonitis
inflammation of a tendon
electromyography
EMG records strength of muscle contractions
epiglottis
mucous membrane covered leaf shaped piece of cartilage at the root of the tongue
glottis
vocal folds and apparatus of the larynx
laryngopharynx
lower portion of the pharynx
mediastinum
area between the lungs that houses the heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus and bronchi
nasopharynx
upper portion of the pharynx
oropharynx
upper portion of the pharynx
patency
state of being open
pharynx
passageway just below the nasal cavity and mouth
phrenic
refering the the diaphragm
pleura
membrane surrounding the lung
parietal pleura is outer layer
visceral pleura is inner layer
trachea
windpipe
apnea
absence of breathing
atelectasis
collapse of a lung or part of a lung
bradypnea
slow breathing
bronchiectasis
chronic dilation of bronchi
bronchiolitis
inflammation of the bronchioles
bronchiostenosis
narrowing of brochial tubes
Cheyne-Stokes
rhythlmic respiratory pattern where there is variation in depth of respirations altering with apnea
croup
laryngotracheobronchitis
viral infection causing aswelling of larynx and epiglottis; characteristic barking sound
dysphonia
difficult or painful. speech
dyspnea
difficult breathing
emphysema
inefficient alveoli because of distension
hemoptysis
blood tinged frothy sputum
Kussmaul
rapid deep respirations characteristic of acid-base imbalance (common in uncontrolled diabetes)
laryngitis
inflammation of larynx
laryngostenosis
narrowing of larynx
orthopnea
discomfort or difficulty in breathing while lying flat
pertussis
infectious inflammation of larynx trachea and bronchi
phrenoplegia
paralysis of the diaphragm
pneumolith
calculus in a lung
pneumothorax
accumulation of air in the pleural space
rales
abnormal breath sound; crackles
rhonchi
abnormal breath sound; low pitched sonorous sounds
stridor
high pitched squeaking sound associated with croup;
tachypnea
abnormal rapid respiration
tracheitis
inflammation of the trachea
tracheostenosis
narrowing of the trachea
postural drainage
therapy where patient lies on side on a decline to drain the lungs
pulse oximeter
device that measures the oxygen saturation of arterial blood
pneumonectomy
removal of pulmonary lobes from a lung
spirometer
device used to measure respiratory gases
thoracentesis
insertion of needle into pleural cavity to withdraw fluid for diagnostic purposes or to drain excess fluid or to re-expand a collapsed lung
tracheostomy
surgical creation of an opening into the trachea to form an airway or to prepare for th einsertion of a tube for ventilation
tracheotomy
incision into the trachea to restore airflow to lungs
otolaryngologist
doc specializing in ear nose and throat diseases