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126 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
costo
rib
cranio
skull
fascio
fascia (a band)
femoro
femur
fibro
fiber
kypho
humpback
leio
smooth
lordo
bent
lumbo
loin lower back
myelo
bone marrow or spinal cord
my/o
myos/o
musculo
muscle
osteo
bone
patello
knee cap
pelvi
pelvo
hip bone or pelvic cavity
radio
radius
rhabdo
rod shaped or straited
sarco
flesh
scolio
twisted
ankylo
crooked or stiff
arthro
articulo
joint
brachio
arm
cervico
neck
chondro
cartilidge
spondylo
vertebro
vertebra
sterno
sternum
teno
tendo
tendino
tendon
thoraco
chest
tono
tone or tension
ulno
ulna
appendicular skeleton
bones of shoulder, pelvis and upper and lower extremeties
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, chest, and hyoid bone (u shaped bone at the base of the tongue)
bone
specialized connective tissue composed of osteocytes forming the skeleton
compact bone
tightly solid, strong bone tissue resistant to bending
spongy bone
mesh-like bone tissue containing marrow and fine branching canals through which blood vessels run
long bones
bones of arms and legs
short bones
bones of wrists and ankles
flat bones
bones of ribs, shoulder blades, pelvis and skull
irregular bones
bones of vertebrae and face
sesamoid bones
round bones found near joints
epiphysis
wide ends of a long bone
diaphysis
shaft of a long bone
metaphysis
growth zone between epiphysis and diaphysis during development of a long bone
endosteum
membrane lining the medullary cavity of a bone
medullary cavity
cavity within the shaft of the long bones filled with bone marrow
bone marrow
red bone
yellow
soft connective tissue
red blood cells
fat tissue
periosteum
a fibrous vascular membrane that covers the bone
articular cartilage
a gristle like substance found on bones where they articulate
articulation
a joint the point where two bones come together
bursa
a fibrous sac between certain tendons and bones that is lined with a synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid
disk
a flat platelike structure composed of fibrocartilaginous tissue found between the vertebrae to reduce friction
nucleaus pulposus
the soft fibrocartilaginous central potion of intervertebral disk
ligament
a flexible band of fibrous tiggue that connects bone to bone
synovial membrane
membrane lining the capsule of a joint
synoivial fliud
lubricating fliud secreted by the synovial membrane
muscle
tissue composed of fibers that can contract causing movement of an organ or part of the body
straited muscle
coluntary straited muscle attached to the skeleton
smooth muscle
involuntary muscle found in internal organs
cardiac muscle
muscle of the heart
orgin of a muscle
muscle end attached to the bone that does not move when the msucle contracts
insertion of a muscle
muscle end attached to the bone that moves when the muscle contracts
tendon
a band of fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone
fascia
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports, and separates muscle
coronal plane
vertical division of the body into front and back
sagittal plane
vertical division of the body into right and left potions
transverse plane
horizontal division of the body into upper and lower portions
superior (cephalic)
situated avoce another structure toward the head
inferior (caudal)
situated below another structure away from the head
proximal
toward the beginning or orgin of a structure
distal
away from the beginning or orgin of a structure
medial
toward the middle
lateral
toward the side
axis
line that runs through the center of the body or a body part
erect
normal standing position
decubitus
lying down, especially in bed
prone
lying face down and flat
atrophy
shrinking of tissue such as muscle
crepitation
crepitus
grating sound made by movement of some joints or broken bones
exostosis
a projection arising from a bone that develops from cartilidge
flaccis
flabby, relaxed or having defective or absent muscle tone
hypertrophy
increase in the size of tissue such as muscle
hypotonia
reduced muscle tone or tension
myalgia
myodynia
muscle pain
ostealgia
osteogynia
bone pain
rigor or rigidity
stiffness or stiff muscle
spasm
drawing in involuntary contraction of a muscle
spastic
uncontrolled contractions of skeletal muscle causing stiff and awkward movements resembles spasm
tetany
tension decreased calcium, continous muscle contraction
tremor
shaking rhythmic muscular movement
ankylosis
stiff joint condition
bony necrosis
dead bone tissue from loss of blood supply such as can occur after a fracture
bunion
swelling of the joint at the basse of the great toe caused by inflammation of the bursa
bursitis
inflammation of the bursa
chondromalacia
softening of the cartilidge
epiphysisis
inflammtion of the epiphyseal regions of the long bones
comminuted fracture
broken into many little pieces
greenstick fracture
bending and incomplete break of a bone most often seen in children
myeloma
bone marrow tumor
myositis
inflammation of a muscle
myoma
muscle tumor
leiomyoma
smooth muscle tumor
leiomyosarcoma
maliginant smooth muscle tumor
rhabdomyoma
skeletal muscle tumor
rhabdomyosarcoma
malignant skeleteal muscle tumor
muscular dystrophy
a category of gentically transmitted diseases characterized by progressive atrophy of skeletal muscle
osteoma
bone tumor
osteosarcoma
type of malignant bone tumor
osteomalacia
disease marked by softening of the boen caused by vitimin d and calcium deficiency
rickets
osteomalacia in children
osteomyelitis
infection of bne and bone marrow causing inflammation
osteoporosis
condition of decreased bone density and increased porosity casuing bones to become brittle and liable to fracture
kyphosis
humpback
lordosis
swayback
scoliosis
s shaped curve
spondylolisthesis
forward slipping of a lumbar vertebra
spondylosis
stiff immobile condition of ertebrae due to joint degeneration
subluxation
a partial dislocation
anthrocentesis
puncture for joint aspiration
arthrodesis
binding or fusing of joint surfaces
arthroplasty
repair or reconstruction of a joint
arthroscopy
procedure using an arthroscope to examine diagnose and repair a joint from within
bursectomy
excision of a bursa
myoplasty
repair of a muscle
osteoplasy
repair of a bone
osteotomy
an incision into bone
spondylosyndesis
spinal fusion
tenotomy
division by incision of a tendon to repair a deformity casued by shorteniing of a muscle