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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
calcaneodynia
pain in the heel bone
coccygeal
pertaining to the coccyx
condyle
knucklelike projection at the end of a bone
costochondral
pertaining to a rib and its cartilage
craniotomy
a surgical incision into the cranium or skull
diaphysis
main shaftlike portion of a bone
epiphysis
the end of a bone
fontanelle/fontanel
space between the bones of an infants cranium "soft spot"
foramen
a hole within a bone through which vessels or nerves pass
fossa
a hollow or shallow concave depression in a bone
fissure/sulcus
a cracklike sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane
hematopoiesis
the normal formation and development of blood cells in the bone marrow
hyoid
located just above the larynx and below the mandible. does not connect with any other bone to form a joint. serves as a point of attachment for muscles of the tongue and throat
intercostal spaces
spaces between the ribs
intervertebral disk
a flat, circular platelike structure of cartilage that serves as a cushion, or shock absorber, between the vertebrae
osteoblasts
immature bone cells that actively produce bony tissue
osteoclasts
large cells that absorb or digest old bone tissue
osteocytes
mature bone cells
osteoma
a tumor of bone tissue
periosteum
the thick, white fibrous membrane that covers the surface of a long bone
rachitis
inflammation of the spine
phalangitis
inflammation of one or more phalanges
spondylosis
a condition of the spine characterized by stiffness of the vertebral joint
substernal
pertaining to the area below or beneath the sternum
trochanter
large bony process located below the neck of the femur
tubercle
a small rounded process of a bone
ulna
the second of the two lower arm bones that joins the humerus above and the wrist bones below
cervical vertebrae
consisting of the first seven segments of the spinal column, made up the bones of the neck.