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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rectum
Remaining portion of large intestine, approx 8-10 inches, extending from sigmoid colon to anus
Anus
Sphincter muscle at end of digestive tract
Bile Ducts
passageway that carry bile, hepatic duct is for bile from liver, cystic duct carries bile from gallbladder.
Gallbladder
Small, sac-like structure that stores bile
pancreas
produces panceatic juice which helps digest all foods and secreates insulin for carboyhdrate metabolism
peritonuem
serous sac lining of the abdominal and pelvic cavities.
Appendix
small pouch, has no known function, attached to cecum.
Appendicitis
inflammation of appendix
Cholelithiasis
Condition of gallstones
Cirrhosis
Chronic disease of liver with destruction of cells, most commonly cause by alcoholism
Gastrojejunostomy
Creation of artificial opening between stomach and jejunum
Laparotomy
incision into the abdomen.
Sublingual
pertaining to under the tongue.
peristalsis
involuntary wave-like contractions that propel food along digestive tract
Sclera
Outer protective layer of eye
Gastroentieritis
inflammation of stomach and intestines
Choroid
Middle layer of eye, has many blood vessels.
Iris
Pigmented muscular structure tht allows light to pass through
Pupil
Opening in center of iris.
Retina
Inner most layer of eye, Contains vision receptors.
Lacrimal glands
produce tears that are drained through ducts.
Optic nerve
Carries visual impulses from retina to brain.
Conjuctiva
Mucous membrane lining eyelids and covering anterior portion of sclera.
Conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva.
Ophthalmalgia
pain in the eye
Hyperopia
Farsightedness
Myopia
nearsightedness
Cornea
Transparent anterior part of sclera
Uvula
Soft V shaped organ extends from the soft palate and directs food into throat.
Esophagus
10 in. tube extends from pharynx to stomach
Stomach
J-shaped sac that mixes and stores food.
Pylorus
lower part of stomach that connects to the small intestine.
Pyloric sphincter
Ring of muscle that guards opening between stomach and duodenum.
Small Intestine
20 ft. canal extends from pyloric sphincter to large intestine.
Duodenum
First 10-12 inches of small intestine.
Jejunum
Second portion of small intestine, approximately 8 feet long.
IIeum
Third portion of small intestine, approx. 11 feet, connects with large intestine.
Cecum
u shaped pouch that is the first portion of large intestine.
Colon
Next portion of large intestine, Divided into 4 parts: ascending colon, transverse colon, decending colon, sigmoid colon.