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85 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Physical and psychological dependence on and craving for a drug
addiction
drug action in which the combination of two similar drugs is equal to the sum of the effects of each.
additive action
particles of drug suspended in air
aerosol
exaggerated hypersensitivity reaction to a drug or foreign organism.
anaphylaxis
combination of two drugs gives less than an additive effect (action).
antagonistic action
agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug.
antidote
commercial name for a drug; trademark
brand name
chemical formula for a drug
chemical name
factors in the patient's condition that prevent the use of a particular drug or treatment.
contraindications
Governmental agency having the legal responsibility for enforcing proper dug manufacture and clinical use.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
legal noncommercial name for a drug.
generic name
condition caused by treatment (drugs or procedures) given by medical personnel.
iatrogenic
unexpected effect produced in a particularly sensitive individual but not seen in most patients.
idiosyncrasy
administration of drugs in gaseous or vapor form through the nose or mouth
inhalation
study of new drug synthesis; relationship between chemical structure and biological effects.
medicinal chemistry
study of interaction of drugs and sub cellular entities such as DNA, RNA, and enzymes.
molecular pharmacology
drugs are given by mouth.
oral administration
drugs are given by injection into the skin, muscles, or veins (any route other than through the digestive tract).
parenteral administration
one who prepares and dispenses drugs.
pharmacist
location fro preparing and dispensing drugs; also the study of preparing and dispensing drugs.
pharmacy
study of the effects of a drug within the body
pharmacodynamics
calculation of drug concentration in tissues and blood over a period of time.
pharmacokinetics
specialist in the properties, uses, and actions of drugs.
pharmacologist
study of the preparation, properties, uses, and actions of drugs.
pharmacology
Physician's reference book that lists drug products.
Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR)
target substance with which a drug interacts in the body.
receptor
drugs are inserted through the anus into the rectum.
rectal administration
toxic effect that routinely results from the use of a drug.
side effect
drugs are given by placement under the tongue.
sublingual administration
combination of two drugs causes an effect that is greater that the sum of the individual effects of each drug alone.
synergism
instrument (tube) for introducing or withdrawing fluids from the body.
syringe
larger and larger drug doses must be given to achieve the desired effect. The patient becomes resistant to the action of a drug as treatment progresses.
tolerance
drugs are applied locally on the skin or mucous membranes of the body;
topical application
harmful effects of a drug
toxicity
study of harmful chemicals and their effects on the body.
toxicology
movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells.
transport
authoritative list of drugs, formulas, and preparations that sets a standard for drug manufacturing and dispensing.
United States Pharmacopeia (u.S.P.)
substance found in foods and essential in small quantities for growth and good health.
vitamin
lowers blood pressure. Block the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II
ACE inhibitor
central nervous system stimulant
amphetamine
used to relieve pain
analgesic
male hormone
androgen
reduces or eliminates sensation; general and local.
anesthetic
lowers blood pressure by preventing angiotensin from acting on receptors in blood vessels.
angiotensin II receptor antagonist
neutralizes acid in the stomach
antacid
slows the uptake of androgens or interferes with their binding in tissues.
antiandrogen
treats abnormal heart rhythms.
antiarrhythmic
chemical substance, produced by a plant or microorganism, that has the ability to inhibit or kill foreign organisms in the body.
antibiotic
prevents blood clotting
anticoagulant
prevents convulsions (abnormal brain activity).
anticonvulsant
relieves symptoms of depression
antidepressant
drug given to prevent or alleviate diabetes mellitus.
antidiabetic
prevents diarrhea.
antidiarrheal
prevents nausea and vomiting
antiemetic
blocks the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy.
antihistamine
relieves nausea and vomiting; antiemetic.
antinauseant
reduces the tendency of platelets to stick together.
antiplatelet
inhibits the secretion of acid by cells of the lining of the stomach.
antiulcer
acts against viruses.
antiviral
reduces the amount of estrogen in the blood.
aromatase inhibitor
kills bacteria
bactericidal
inhibits bacterial growth
bacteriostatic
blocks the action of epinephrine at sites on receptors of heart muscle cells, the muscle lining of blood vessels, and bronchial tubes; anti arrhythmic, antianginal,and antihypertensive.
beta-blocker
prevents bone loss in osteoporosis
bisphosphonate
central nervous system stimulant
caffeine
blocks the entrance of calcium into heart muscle and muscle lining of blood vessels; (calcium channel blocker)
calcium antagonist
acts on the heart and blood vessels. Includes ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, calcium antagonists, cholesterol-lowering drugs, and diuretics.
cardiovascular
relieves constipation.
cathartic
increases the production of urine and thus reduces the volume of fluid in the body.
diuretic
promotes vomiting
emetic
a hormone or hormone-like drug.
endocrine
female hormone responsible for secondary sex characteristics.
estrogen
relives symptoms of diseases in the gastrointestinal tract.
gastrointestinal
hormone from the adrenal cortex that raises blood sugar and reduces inflammation
glucocorticoid
produces sleep.
hypnotic
weak cathartic
laxative
habit-forming drug (potent analgesic_ that relieves pain by producing stupor or insensibility.
narcotic
female hormone that affects the lining of the uterus during pregnancy.
progestin
a strong cathartic
purgative
treats asthma, emphysema, and infections of the respiratory system.
respiratory drugs......bronchodilators
a mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes without necessarily producing sleep.
sedative
selective estrogen modulator with estrogen-like effect on bones and fat metabolism.
SERM
excites and promotes activity.
stimulants
stimulates cellular metabolism
thyroid hormone
controls anxiety and severe disturbances of behavior.
tranquilizer