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282 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cata-
down
cartilage
flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints
karyotype
Picture of chromosomes in the nucleus, arranged to determine their number and structure
sarc/o
flesh
pituitary gland
endocrine gland at the base of the brain
Organs in the abdominopelvic LUQ
liver (left lobe), stomach, spleen, pancreas, intestines
Organs in the abdominopelvic RUQ
liver (right lobe), gallbladder, pancreas, intestines
Abdominopelvic quadrants
right upper, left upper, right lower, left lower
sacrum
one bone comprised of the five bones S1-S5 fused together
retrocele
protrusion (hernia) of rectum toward vagina through weak vagina wall
ur/o
urinary tract;
urine
Organs in the abdominopelvic RLQ
intestines, right ovary, right fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter
neutrophyl
a granulocyte that is disease-eating
chondr/o
cartillage
thromb/o
clot;
clotting
posterior
back side of the body
anterior
front side of body
epigastric
upper middle region above stomach
tonsill/o
tonsils
blephar/o
eyelid
lumbar
middle left and right regions above stomach
chron/o
time
chem/o
drug;
chemical
angi/o
vessel
disc
pad of cartillage between vertebrae
vertebra -brae
single back bone -bones
spinal cord
Nervous tissue within the spinal cavity
transverse plane
horizontal plane that divides the structure or body into upper and lower portions
-oid
resembling
chrom/o
color
distal
far from the attachment to the trunk or the beginning of a structure
-trophy
nourishment;
development
proximal
near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure
lymphocyte
an agranulocyte that produces antibodies
medial
pertaining to the middle or near the medial plane of body
superior
above a structure (also cephalic)
-cele
hernia
prone
lying on the belly
frontal plane
vertical plane that divides body or structure into anterior and posterior portions
inter-
between
ana-
up
adip/o
fat
neutr/o
neutrophil (white blood cell)
The three types of agranulocytes
lymphocytes;
monocytes;
thrombocytes
leukocytosis
a slight increase in white blood cells to fight disease
chromosomes
Rod-shaped structures in nucleus containing genes (46 in every cell except sex cells = 23)
viscer/o
internal organs
anter/o
front
monocyte
an agranulocyte that engulfs cellular debris
-stasis
stopping;
controlling
amni/o
amnion
(sac surrounding the embryo)
-ior
pertaining to
-ism
process
trache/o
windpipe,
trachea
umbilic/o
navel,
umbilicus
vertebr/o
vertebrae,
backbones
lumb/o
lower back and side
sacr/o
sacrum
medi/o
middle
abdomin/o
abdomen
bol/o
to cast or throw
chondroma
benign tumor
cervic/o
neck (of body or uterus)
lateral
pertaining to the side
sagittal plane
lengthwise vertical plane that divides the body or structure into left and right sides
supine
lying on the back
4 organs of the urinary or excretory system
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
umbilical
central region near navel
deep
away from the surface of the body
inferior
below the structure (also called caudal)
superficial
on the surface
inguinal
lower right and left regions near groin (also called iliac region)
spinal column
Bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity
hypogastric
lower middle region below the umbilical region
6 organs of the respiratory system
nose, pharynx, larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchial tubes, lungs
Organs in the abdominopelvic LLQ
intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter
hypochondriac
upper right and left regions beneath ribs
5 divisions of the Spinal Column
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal
5 organs of the female reproductive system
ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands
4 organs of the male reproductive system
testes and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland
thyroid gland
endocrine gland surrounding the trachea
metabolism
Total chemical processes in a cell (catabolism and anabolism)
nucleus
Control center of the cell containing chromosomes
mitochondria
Structures in cytoplasm in which food is burned to release energy
aden/o
gland
arthr/o
joint
carcin/o
cancerous;
cancer
cardi/o
heart
cephal/o
head
cis/o
to cut
derm/o or dermat/o
skin
erythr/o
red
gastr/o
stomach
gnos/o
knowledge
hepat/o
liver
onc/o
tumor
ophthalm/o
eye
ped/o
child
-ole or -ule
small, little
ren/o
kidney
rhin/o
nose
sect/o
to cut
pulmon/o
lungs
-sclerosis
hardening
axill/o
armpit
-um or -ium
structure;
tissue;
thing
-er
one who
ot/o
ear
-stomy
opening - to form a mouth
-coccus
berry-shaped bacterium
lapar/o
abdomen;
abdominal wall
-algia
pain
-al
pertaining to
isch/o
to hold back
-ac
pertaining to
-therapy
treatment
thrombocyte
an agranulocyte that promotes blood clotting
myel/o
spinal cord;
bone marrow
gon/o
seed
acu/o
sharp;
severe;
sudden
-logy
study of
-ectomy
excision;
removal
col/o
colon
(large intestine)
-cyte
cell
agor/a
marketplace
-itis
inflammation
-genic
pertaining to;
producing;
produced by;
produced in
-emia
blood condition
-gram
record
-ist
specialist
-ion
process
-ic or -ical
pertaining to
-pathy
disease condition
kary/o
nucleus
coccyg/o
coccyx
crin/o
secrete
(to form and give off)
-eal
pertaining to
dist/o
far,
distant
rect/o
rectum
cyt/o
cell
crani/o
skull
-opsy
process of viewing
-oma
mass;
tumor;
swelling
path/o
disease
-osis
condition
(usually abnormal)
(increase in numbers when used with blood)
endo-
within
hist/o
tissue
neur/o
nerve
-y
process;
condition
-scope
instrument to visually examine
dors/o
dorsal (back portion)
-scopy
process of visually examining
iatr/o
treatment
-tomy
process of cutting;
incision
-sis
state of
hemat/o or hem/o
blood
inguin/o
groin
dia-
through;
complete
ili/o
ilium (pelvis)
auto-
self
a- or an-
no;
not;
without
meta-
change
necr/o
death
hyper-
excessive;
above;
more than normal
ex- or exo-
out
epi-
above;
upon
in-
into;
in
hydr/o
water;
fluid
later/o
side
hypo-
deficient;
below;
less than normal
enter/o
intestines
(usually the small intestine)
omphalocele
hernia of the navel occurring at birth
acromealgy
an endocrine disorder causing excessive growth hormones after puberty resulting in large extremities
pro-
before
peri-
surrounding;
around
sub-
below;
under
acr/o
extremities;
top;
extreme point
retro-
behind
re-
back;
backward;
again
electr/o
electricity
cyst/o
urinary bladder;
sac;
cyst
cyt/o
cell
trans-
across;
through
cell membrane
Structure surrounding and protecting the cell. It also regulates what goes into/out of cell
plas/o
formation;
development
anabolism
Process of building up complex materials (proteins) from single materials
muc/o
mucus
catabolism
Process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form simple substances and release energy
cerebr/o
cerebrum
(largest part of the brain)
2 organs of the skeletal system
bones, joints
nucle/o
nucleus
-graphy
process of recording
ventr/o
belly side of body
peritoneum
membrane surrounding the organs in the abdomen
achondroplasia
dwarfism - defect in cartilage and bone
DNA
Chemical in each chromosome aranged like a sequence of recipes in code, directing the activities of the cell
-iac
pertaining to
bi/o
life
8 organs of the digestive system
mouth, pharynx (throat), esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, gallblader, pancreas
basophyl
a granulocyte present with inflammation
bronch/o
bronchial tubes
The three types of granulocytes
eosinophyls;
basophyls;
neutrophyls
ischemia
to hold back blood from part of the body resulting from:
clotting; occlusion; injury
cytoplasm
Material outside the nucleus and inside cell membrane
mast/o
breast
pneumon/o
lungs
lymph/o
lymph
(clear fluid that bathes tissue spaces-contained in nodes)
genes
Regions of DNA within each chromosome
proxim/o
nearest
-megaly
enlargement
pelv/o
hip,
pelvic cavity
peritone/o
peritoneum
endoplasmic reticulum
Structure (canals) within the cytoplasm in which large proteins are made
pharynx
throat, passageway for food and air
adipose tissue
collection of fat cells
granulocyte
leukocytes with dark staining granules in their cytoplasm and which are formed in bone marrow
phag/o
to eat;
to swallow
poster/o
back, behind
8 skin and sense organs
skin, hair, nails, sweat/oil glands, eye, ear, nose, tongue
-ptosis
drooping;
sagging;
prolapse
encephal/o
brain
-ia
condition
epi-
above
larynx
voice box at upper part of trachea
-plasty
surgical repair
aplastic anemia
anemia in which the body fails to produce erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes
-centesis
puncture to remove fluid
agranulocyte
cells without dark-staining granules in their cytoplasm) produced in lymph nodes and spleen
histologist
a specialist in the study of tissues
spin/o
spine,
backbone
hiatal
stomach
(hiatal hernia)
epithelial cell
skin cells that cover the external body surface and line the internal surfaces of organs
hernia
protrusion of an organ or organ wall through its cavity
radi/o
x-rays
omphal/o
umbilicus;
navel
leuk/o
white
my/o
muscle
gynec/o
woman;
female
thel/o
nipple
-ose
pertaining to,
full of
6 abdominopelvic regions
hypochondriac (upper left and right below ribs); epigastric; lumbar (right and left at waist); umbilical; inguinal (right and left near groin); hypogastric
trachea
windpipe that leads from the throat to the bronchial tubes
abdominal cavity
space below the chest containing organs like the liver, stomach, gallbladder and intestines
5 organs of the circulatory system
heart, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus
arteri/o
artery
mamm/o
breast
5 body cavities
cranial, thoracic, abdominal, pelvic, spinal
urethra
tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
ureter
one of two tubes that lead from a kidney to the urinary bladder
staphyl/o
clusters
-plasm
formation
uterus
womb, holding the embryo and fetus
-malacia
softening
-plasia
development;
formation;
growth
ather/o
fatty material
-penia
deficiency
-somes
bodies
-type
picture,
classification
eosinophyl
a granulocyte that is associated with allergies or asthma
-lysis
breakdown;
destruction;
separation
cystocele
protrusion of urinary bladder through vagina wall due to weak pelvic muscles
hemoglobin
protein in erythrocytes that carries oxygen through the bloodstream
diaphragm
muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
dorsal
pertaining to the back (posterior)
oste/o
bone
4 organs of the nervous system
brain, spinal cord, nerves, collections of nerves
psych/o
mind
ventral
pertaining to the front (anterior)
laparoscopy
visual examination of the abdominal cavity using a laparoscope
cranial cavity
space in the head containing the brain and surrounded by the skull
viscera
internal organs
nephr/o
kidney
pelvic cavity
space below the abdomen containing such organs as intestines, bladder, rectum and reproductive organs
mediastinum
centrally located space between the lungs
6 organs of the endocrine system
thyroid, pituitary, sex, adrenal, pancreas, parathyroid
thoracic cavity
space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, esophagus and other organs
splen/o
spleen
strept/o
twisted chains
spinal cavity
space within the spinal column (backbones) and containing the spinal cord
pleural cavity
space between the pleural membranes surrounding each lung
epithelial
type of cell that covers body surfaces and lining organs
pleura
double-layered membrane surrounding each lung