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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
EMS phone number, poison control phone number, procedures for various phone numbers
WHAT THE MEDICAL OFFICE EMERGENCY PLAN SHOULD CONTAIN
Activated charcoal, scissors, and alcohol
STANDARDS SUPPLIES FOR AN EMERGENCY MEDICAL KIT
Fainting or loss of consciousness
SIGN OF EMERGENCY
Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
SIGN OF EMERGENCY
Chest pain
SIGN OF EMERGENCY
Choking
SIGN OF EMERGENCY
Coughing up blood or vomiting blood
SIGN OF EMERGENCY
Provide immediate care to the patient, including CPR if necessary
FIRST STEP A MEDICAL ASSISTANT SHOULD TAKE AFTER IDENTIFYING AN EMERGENCY
Patient ID, chief complaint (if known), vital signs, medical history
FOUR ITEMS INCLUDED IN DOCUMENTATION OF A MEDICAL OFFICE EMERGENCY
When should a primary assessment be performed?
a) physician arrives
b) patient's family arrives
c) EMS techs arrive
d) as soon as you reach pt.
D
Which of the following are involved in performing a primary assessment?
a) Check pupils & physically examine arms and legs
b) Blood pressure & CPR
c) Responsiveness & breathing
d) temperature and immobilization of spine
C
During a primary assessment, what should be evaluated after the airway is checked and cleared?
BREATHING
To assess the airway of an unconscious patient who may have neck injuries, the ______ ______ technique should be used.
JAW THRUST
Under what condition is the head tilt-chin lift technique used to open a patient's airway?
When the patient is unconscious and unresponsiveness and neck injury isn't suspected
If it is determined that a patient is not breathing during the primary assessment, the medical assistant should perform _______ ________.
RESCUE BREATHING
During CPR, the hands are placed in the center of the _______, with the palm of the other hand on top of the first hand. The rescuer's body should be ______ to the patient's chest with the elbows locked.
CHEST; PERPENDICULAR
Before beginning CPR, you should palpate the patient's _______ _____ for a pulse.
CAROTID ARTERY
The process of using electric shock to restore normal heart rhythm is called what?
A) CPR
B) Electroshock treatment
C) ECG
D) Defibrillation
D
Why is it important to not touch the patient and to keep the patient very still after turning on the AED?
AED ANALYZES HEART RHYTHM, SO ANY EXCESS MOVEMENT COULD AFFECT THE OUTCOME
Shock is a lack of oxygen to individual cells of the body and results from a decrease in ______ _______.
BLOOD PRESSURE
low BP, nausea, signs of fear/restlessness
SIGNS OF SHOCK
When giving first aid to a patient who is bleeding from a wound, have the patient lie down to reduce the risk of _______, then ______ the body part above the level of the heart, if possible, and apply direct ______ to the wound.
FAINTING; ELEVATE; PRESSURE
If blood soaks through the gauze pad as you apply direct pressure to an open wound, what should you do?
A) Remove gauze pad & apply a clean pad
B) Place another gauze pad on top
C) Secure gauze w/ bandage
D) Remove gauze and replace with bandage
B
A patient was burned by an electrical current and suffered minor damage to the subcutaneous tissue. How would this burn be classified?
A) First-degree
B) Second-degree
C) Third-degree
D) Fourth-degree
C
Calculate the extent of a burn using the rule of nines for an adult with burns covering both arms, the front of the torso, and the genital area.
A) 28%
B) 37%
C) 46%
D) 55%
B
Injury to muscle and tendons; causes pain & inflammation
STRAIN
Injury to joint capsule and support ligaments; causes pain & inflammation
SPRAIN
A ________ fracture is a partial or incomplete break and is most common in children.
GREENSTICK
RICE
Four steps taken to reduce symptoms of strains and sprains
Cold sweats, chest pain that radiates up into the neck and jaw and down on arm, anxiety, and paleness are all possible symptoms of what condition?
A) seizure
B) heart attack
C) anaphylaxis
D) poisoning
B
Erratic muscle movements, strange sensations, and complete loss of consciousness are typical behaviors indicating:
A) stroke
B) heart attack
C) seizure
D) anaphylaxis
C
Maintain the patient's airway and assist the patient into the recovery position
FIRST STEP TO MANAGING A PATIENT WHO IS HAVING A SEIZURE
Wheezing, shortness of breath, tachycardia
SIGNS OF AN ANAPHYLACTIC REACTION
The age and weight of the patient, name and amount of the substance, and when the exposure occurred are all pieces of information needed before calling where?
POISON CONTROL CENTER
A general condition of excessive body heat is called _________. Abnormally low body temperature is called ________.
HYPERTHERMIA; HYPOTHERMIA
In ______ _______, the skin is classically hot, flushed, and dry. The patient's body must be cooled quickly to avoid coma, brain damage, or death.
HEAT STROKE
A situation in which a patient's mood, thoughts, or actions are extremely disturbed and in which the patient or others may come to harm or death is called a _______ ______.
PSYCHIATRIC EMERGENCY
A medical assistant enters an examination room and finds that a patient has fainted. She immediately notifies the physician, looses the patient's tight clothing, and elevates the patient's feet above heart level. What important step did she omit?
A) Calling EMS
B) Checking pt's airway
C) Performing CPR
D) Asking another staff member for help
B
Severe diarrhea can lead to ______, electrolyte imbalance, or shock. The medical assistant should help the patient into a _______ position and notify the physician.
DEHYDRATION; SUPINE
Blood, bile, color, content, odor
THINGS THE MEDICAL ASSISTANT SHOULD CHECK FOR WHEN INSPECTING CONTENTS OF A PATIENT'S VOMIT
To help manage a nosebleed, the patient should sit upright, with his or head tilted slightly _______. The nostril should be compressed against the septum using ______, or a cold, wet compress.
FORWARD; ICE
______ may be used to relive muscle spasms, to relieve pain, to provide local or systemic______, or to promote healing by increasing blood flow to an area.
HEAT; WARMING
What two techniques involve using a solution and can be used as a warm or cold treatment?
1) COMPRESSES
2) SOAKS
When the body responds to temperature extremes by producing the opposite effect of what is intend, this is called a ________ effect.
REBOUND