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685 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
abdicate
to denounce; to discard; to abandon
aberration
something not typical; a deviation
abhorrence
repugnance; detestation
abjure
to renounce upon oath
abnegation
self-denial
abrogate
to break, as a treaty or law
abscond
to depart secretly; to hide (oneself)
absolve
to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt
abstain
to refrain deliberately from an action or practice, usually as a form of self-denial
abstemious
sparing or moderate, especially in eating or drinking ANTONYM: dluttonous
abstruse
hard to understand or grasp; esoteric
abut
to border on; to terminate at the boundary or point of contact
abysmal
immeasurable; bottomless
accolade
an award or honor; high praise
acquiesce
to agree silently; to accept tacitly
acrophobia
the fear of heights
acumen
keenness
adamant
unyielding; stubborn
addle
to throw into fonfusion; to confound
adjure
to command solemnly; to advise earnestly; to beg
adroit
showing skill, cleverness, or resourcefulness
adulation
excessive praise
adulambrate
to intimate or foreshadow; to obscure
aestivate (estivate)
to spend the summer in an inactive state
agglomeration
a collection in a mass, heap or cluster; aggrandizement
agoraphobia
the fear of open spaces
alacrity
liveliness or eagerness; readiness ANTONYM: lassitude
allegory
a symbolic expression or description
allusion
an indirect reference to something else; a hint
alms
charity; something given to the poor (usually refers to small change)
alpinism
mountain climbing
altruistic
unselfish; concerned with the welfare of others
ambergris
a product of sperm whales usd in the manufacture or perfume
amphora
an ancient two-handled Greek jar
anathema
a ban or curse; a denunciation accompanied by excommunication
andiron
a metal support used for holding logs in a hearth
androphobia
the fear of men
anneal
to toughen or to strengthen
anodyne
a pain reliever
anomaly
an aberration; a deviation; an irregularity
antipathy
firm dislike; hatred ANTONYM: sympathy
antiseptic
free from germs, exceptionally clean
antithesis
the direct opposite
aphelion
the point in a planet's orbit that is farthest from the sun
apocalyptic
of, or relating to, a revelation or discovery
apocryphal
of doubtful authenticity; spurious
apogee
the point in a satellite's orbit that is farthest from the center of the earth
aquiline
hooked; like an eagle
arachnophobia
the fear of spiders
archon
the chief magistrate in ancient Athens; any ruler
arid
dull; unimaginative; extremely dry
arrogate
to claim or seize without justification; to usurp
artifice
cleverness; ingenuity
assiduous
diligent
assuage
to ease the intensity of; to appease; to pacify ANTONYM: exacerbate
astraphobia
the fear of lightning
atrophy
a wasting away; degeneration
attenuate
to lessen in amount, force, or value; to weaken
austral
southern ANTONYM: boreal
axiom
a self-evident rule or truth; a qidely accepted saying
azure
sky blue
baleful
menacing; harmful
balmy
soothing; mild
banal
trite; commonplace
bellicose
inclined to start wars or fights ANTONYM: pacific
beneficent
beneficial ANTONYM: deleterious
benign
gracious; favorable; not threatening to health ANTONYM: malignant
None
bibliophile
one who loves books
biennial
occuring every two years
bifurcate
divided in two branches; forked
blighted
withered or rotten; destroyed; frustrated
blithe
happy; merry; cheerful
bombastic
pompous; overblown; turgid
boreal
northern ANTONYM: austral
boycott
to engage in a concerted refusal to have dealings with (a person, store, organization) as a sign of disapproval
broach
to make known for the first time; to open up (a subject) for discussion
bromidic
lacking originality; trite
brontophobia
the fear of thunder
brook
to bear or tolerate; to put up with
brusque
abrupt or short in manner or speech
buccal
pertaining to the cheeks or side of the mouth
bucolic
pastoral; relating to rural life
buffoon
a clown or ludicrous figure; someone who amuses with jokes or tricks
bulbous
rotund; round like a bulb
bumptious
aggressive and assertive in an offensive way ANTONYM: shy; self-effacing
buoyant
(1) having the ability to float (2) cheerful; gay
None
burnish
to make shiny or lustrous; to polish
burnoose
a hooded Arabic cloak
cassock
a loose robe worn by priests
cabal
group united to plot, especially the overthrow of authority
cache
(1) a hiding place; (2) something hidden in a secure place
cacophony
a harsh-sounding mixture of words, voices, or sounds
caduceus
the emblem of the medical profession (a staff wutg ubtertwubed snajes and wings at the top)
cajole
to persuade a reluctant person to do something; to coax
caliber
the diameter of the bore of a gun
gauge
the size of a shotgun; measure of the interior diameter of the barrel
calumny
a lie told to damage another's reputation; slander
candid
frank
canonical
orthodox; authoritive
capitulate
to cease resisting; to surrender (often after negotiations)
capricious
unpredictable; governed by a whim
captious
critical; fault-finding
carp
to complain
cashmere
a fine wool from a cashmere goat (derived from Kashmir, India)
None
catharsis
purification of emotions, especially through art
bathos
sentimalism; overdone pathos; triteness; anticlimax
pathos
something that evokes pity, compassion, or sorrw
catholic
universal ANTONYM: provincial; parochial
caustic
acrid; biting
cavil
to raise trivial objections; to nitpick
cerulean
resembling the blue of the sky
chaff
waste material from the threshing of wheat
dross
waste material from molten metal
slag
scoria; refuse from the melting of metals or reduction of ore
tailings
waste material from the preparation of ores or grains
chartreuse
yellow-green
chastise
to criticize harshly; to castigate
chauvinism
excessive or blind patriotism
chicanery
trickery; artful deception
chimerical
fantastically visionary; wildly fanciful
choleric
easily angered or irritated
Cimmerian
(1) adj. shrouded in gloom and darkness; (2) n. a mythical people described by Homer as dwelling in gloom
stygian
(1) dark and gloomy; (2) relating to the Styx (in Gree mythology, the river of the underworld)
circumlocution
an indirect expression; wordy or evasive language
circumspect
considering all options; cautious
clandestine
surreptitious; secret
claustrophobia
the fear of closed places
clemency
an act of leniency; mercy
cloy
to satiate
glut
to oversupply; to satiate
None
coalesce
to grow together; to unite into a whole
coda
a passage that concludes a musical or literary work
cogent
pertinent; compelling; convincing
cognizant
perceptive; observant
colloquial
of or relating to conversation; characteristic of informal speech
collusion
a secret agreement, especially for an illegal purpose
compulsion
an impulse to perform an irrational act
phobia
an inexplicable fear of something
conjoin
to join or act together
contentious
rebellious; stubbornly disobedient; renegade
conundrum
a puzzle; a riddle
cooper
a maker of casks or barrels
None
corroborate
to confirm; to back up with evidence
cowl
(1) a hood; (2) a cover for an engine
croupier
a collector and payer of bets at a casino
culinary
having to do with the kitchen or cooking
cynophobia
the fear of dogs
cynosure
the center of interest
dauntless
fearless
debacle
a violent breakdown; a sudden overthrow
debauchery
wild living; corruption by sensuality
debilitate
to weaken ANTONYM: invigorate
debonair
suave; courteious; sophisticated
deciduous
falling off or shedding at a certain season; ephemeral; not permanent
declaim
to make a bombastic speech
decorous
properl in good taste; correct
defalcate
to embezzle; to abscond with money
deleterious
harmful ANTONYM: beneficial; salubrious; salutary
delineate
to describe; to portray; to sketch
deliquesce
to melt away or dissolve; to become soft, especially with age
delusion
a deception; a false psychotic belief regarding oneself or others
demur
to object; to take exception
denim
a durable, twilled, usually cotton fabric qoven with white filling thread
denoument
the unfolding or outcome of a series or events
denounce
to express strong disapproval, especially publicly
depraved
morally corrupt or evil
deprecate
to play down; to belittle
depredate
to lay waste; to plunder
desiccate
to dry out
despot
a ruler with absolute power
desultory
lacking plan, regularity, or purpose; random
dexterous
mentally skillful; artful; clever
dialectic
logical argumentation
diametric
completely opposed; at opposite extremes
diaphanous
sheer; extremely delicate
diatribe
a bitter denunciation ANTONYM: panegyric
dichotomy
division, especially into two contradictory groups
didactic
intend to teach, moralize, or preach
diffident
shy; lacking in self-confidence
dilatory
tending to cause delay ANTONYM: expeditious
dilettante
one who is involved in a variety of things, none of them seriously; dabbler
None
diminution
a decrease; a lessening
dint
a force; a power
disavow
to deny
discomfit
to confuse, to deject; to frustrate; to deceive
discourse
to converse; to discuss formally
disingenuous
lacking in candor
disinterested
unbiased
dissemble
to feign or pretend
dissenter
one who goes against an opinion; nonconformist
dissuade
to persuade someone not to do something
djellabah
a loose-fitting gown worn in North Africa
doctrinaire
dogmatic
doggerel
comic, loose verse
dolt
a stupid person
doughty
fearless; valiant
draconian
severe (as a code of laws); cruel
dray
a vehicle used to haul goods
teamster
a person who drives a truck as an occupation
ductile
malleable
dunce
a dull-witted or stupid person
duplicity
concealment of one's true intentions by misleading words or actions; deception
ebullient
lively; enthusiastic; boiling up
eclectic
selecting from many sources what seems to be the best; catholic
ecumenical
(1) haing to do with a body of churches; (2) worldwide or general in extent or application
edification
instruction; improvement; enlightenment
efface
to make indistinct by wearing away; to erase or remove
effervescent
lively; bubbly ANTONYM: effete
effete
exhausted; worn-out ANTONYM: effervescent
effluvium
a disagreeable or noxious vapor; escaping gas
effusive
overflowing very demonstrative
egregious
conspicuously bad; flagrant
egress
(1) n. an exit; (2) v. to go out from
elan
dash; vigorous spirit
elegy
a lament for the dead
elucidate
to shed light upon; to make clear
emanate
to send out; to emit
eminent
prominent; famous; standing above others in some quality or position
endue
to provide; to endow
enervate
to exhaust, weaken, or unnerve ANTONYM: invigorate
engender
to bring into being; to produce
enigma
a baffling situation; something that is hard to explain or solve
ephemeral
lasting a short time; transient
epiphany
a sudden, and often divine, enlightenment or realization
epitome
a typical or ideal example
equivocal
ambiguous; deliberately confusing; able to be interpreted in more than one way
erratic
unpredictable; wandering; arbitrary ANTONYM: static; stable
teamster
to avoid; to shun
euphemism
(1) the substitution of a positive expression for something that may be interpreted as negative or distasteful; (2) the expression that is substituted
evanescent
fleeting; hardly visible; ephemeral
exacerbate
to make more violent or more severe ANTONYM: assuage; sppease
exculpate
to exonerate; to clear of guilt or blame
exigent
urgent; requiring prompt action; taxing
expedite
to speed up; to hasten
explicate
to explain
expunge
to strike out; to obliterate or erase
facetious
humorous; not serious
factitious
artificial; sham ANOTNYM: authentic
fagoting
a type of embroidery
fallacious
erroneous; deceiving; misleading
fallible
capable of making a mistake or error
fastidious
hard to please; fickle
fatuous
silly; inane
fealty
allegiance
feasible
practical; workable
feckless
worthless; feeble
fecund
fruitful; fertile
fervid
very hot; intense in feeling or emotion; impassioned
fetid
having an offensive ordor
vapid
flat; uninteresting; insipid
fetish
(1) a charm; a talisman; an amulet; an object thought to deflect evil or bring luck; (2) a fixation; an object of obsessive desire; a preoccupation
fiduciary
a trustee
fitful
irregular; spasmodic
flaccid
limp; flabby ANTONYM: resilient
flag
to weaken; to slow down
flagon
a flask with a handle and lid
tureen
a casserole or bowl usually used to serve soup
foible
a minor flaq or shortcoming in character; a weakness
foment
to instigate, incite, or arouse
foray
(1) v. to ravage for spoils; to pillage; (2) n. sudden, sometimes brief, invasion
forbear
an ancestor or forefather
fortuitous
happening by chance; unplanned
fractious
unruly; quarrelsome
franchise
the right to vote; a special privilege granted to a few; the right to market certain goods in a particular region
fraught
laden; charged
frenetic
frantic; frenzied
froward
hapbitually disobedient; not willing to compromise
frugal
economical; thrifty; sparing
fuchsia
vivid reddish purple
fugacious
disapperaring after a short time; short-lived; evanescent
fulminate
to denounce; to send forth invectives; to explode
fulsome
(1) abundant; copious; (2)morally offensive; disgusting
furtive
sly; shifty
gainsay
to deny; to contradict
galvanize
(1) to stimulate or excite; (2) to coat with zinc
gamut
the entire range
garner
to collect; to accumulate
garrote
to strangle and rob
garrulous
wordy; extremely talkative; gabby ANTONYM: taciturn
gauche
lacking social grace; crude; awkward
gaunt
excessively thin; lean
gelding
a castrated male horse
denre
an artistic category or type
genuflect
to go down on one's knee; to kneel, usually in obedience or respect
germane
closely related; relevant; fitting
glabrous
smooth; referring to a surface without hair or projections
hirsute
roughly hairy
goad
to urge, egg on, or incite to do something ANTONYM: curb
gorgon
one of three snake-haired sisters whose glance turned the beholder into stone
gourmand
one who eats and drinks excessively; glutton
gratuitous
not required by the circumstances; unwarranted; unnecessary
gregarious
liking companionship; sociable
griffin
a mythical anymal having the head and wings of an eagle and the body and legs of a lion
chimera
(1) a fire-breathing monster with the head of a lion, the body of a goat, and the tail of a serpent; (2) illusion or mental fabrication
minotaur
a monster, half man and half bull, confined in a labyrinth
guffaw
a loud, boisterous burst of laughter
guile
deceitful cunning; cleverness
gulch
a deep pit; a ravine
hackneyed
overused; trite; commonplace
haiku
a type of unrymed Japanese poem consisting of three lines
halcyon
peaceful; tranquil
harangue
a ranting speech without much real meaning
harbinger
someone or something that foreshadows what is to come
Hellene
a native or inhabitant of Greece
heretic
one who goes against an established religion or belief; nonconformist
hermenuetics
the study of principles of interpretation (e.g. in the Bible)
hermetic
sealed off from external influencel airtightl abstruse or occult
herpetophobia
the fear of snakes
hiatus
a gap or interruption in time or in a continuum
hibernate
to spend the winter in a dormant, inactive state
hierarchy
a graded or ranked classification determined on the basis of age, economic status, or class
hirsute
hairy ANTONYM: glabrous
hoary
gray or white with age
homily
an inspirational discourse; a sermon
homogeneous
of uniform structure or composition
homophobia
the fear of homosexuals
homophones
words that sound alike but have different meanings
homonyms
homophones; also, words that are spelled the same but have different meanings (e.g. cleave, quail, bear)
hone
to sharpen
hyaline
transparent or almost so; glassy
hybrid
anything that is the product of at least two different sources
hydroponics
cultivation of plants in liquid nutrients
hyperbole
an exaggeration
hypertrophy
an exaggerated increase or complexity
hypocritical
pretending to have qualities or virtues that are not possessed; dissembling
hypothetical
based on conjecture; conditional
empirical
based on expertise, observation, or experimental evidence
iconoclast
one who destroys religious images or attacks established beliefs
vandal
one who destroys property
idyllic
carefree and lighthearted; peaceful
igneous
referring to rock formed from molten magme; volcanic
metamorphic
referring to rock formed from sedimentary rock and changed through pressure or heat
ignominious
infamous; despicable
imbue
to permeate or influence
imminent
about to happen (usually rreferring to something threatening)
None
immiscible
incapable of being mixed
immutable
not susceptible to change
impassive
apathetic; expressionless
impecunious
having little or no money
impermeable
impervious; not permitting passage through
impolitic
inwise; injudicious
imprecate
to curse
improvident
not providing for the future; careless
prescient
having foresight or foreknowledge of the future
impugn
to attack. Especially as false or lacking integrity
inanition
a loss of vitality from lack of food and water
incarnadine
blood red
inchoate
beginning; insipient; only imperfectly formed
inciphient
just beginning; in the early stages; commencing
incisive
keen; direct; decisive
incommodious
troublesome; inconvenient
incongruous
not like the others in a group; out of place; incompatible
incontrovertible
unquestionable; indisputable
None
incorrigible
unruly; delinquent
inculcate
to teach and impress by repetition
indemnify
(1) to secure against loss; (2) to compensate for hurt or loss
indigenous
having originated naturally in a particular environment
indigent
impoverished
induction
(1) an initiation into military service; (2) reasoning from parts to whole
ordination
an initiation into religious service
ineluctable
inescapable; inevitable
inimical
hostile; unfriendly ANTONYM: amicable
iniquitoue
vicious; wicked
innuendo
a veiled allusion; insinuation
insurgent
a person who revolts against established authority
intractable
hard to manage; unruly; obstinate
intransigent
stubborn; uncompromising
intrepid
fearless ANTONYM: timorous
inure
to accustom to accept something undesirable; to habituate
invective
insulting or abusive language
invidious
offensive; envious; obnoxious
irascible
easily angered; choleric; malevolent
jalousie
a type of blind or shutter having adjustable slats or louvers and usually made of glass
jargon
specialized terminology of a certain group; a lingo
jejune
immature; juvenile
jenny
a female donkey
jettison
to sacrifice cargo to lighten a ship or vehicle
jetty
a projection or structure extending into a body of water
jezebel
a shameless, brazen woman
jocose
humorous; witty
jocular
habitually happy or cheerful
jocund
gay; cheerful
judicious
wise; sagacious; prudent
junk
(1) trash; something that is not worth saving; (2) a type of Chinese ship
junta
a political group or committee, especially after a revolution
juxtapose
to place right next to something
kaleidoscope
(1) a succession of changing patterns or scenes; (2) a changing pattern or scene
kindle
to activate or inspire; to arouse
None
kindred
(1) n. relatives; kinship; (2) adj. similar in nature; like
kinetic
related to motion
knave
a sly, deceitful man or boy
kudos
praise; compliments
labyrinth
a place full of intricate passageways; something extremely complex or intricate
laconic
concise ANTONYM: verbose; redundant
lambent
flickering; softly bright or radiant, as a candle
lampoon
harsh, satirical writing, usually attacking an individual
lascivious
lewd; lustful; wanton
lassitude
fatigue; weariness ANTONYM: alacrity
None
laudable
worthy of praise
lethargic
slow moving; sluggish
levity
lightness; lack of seriousness; frivolity
libertine
a person who is not restrained by convention or morality
licentious
lacking moral restraints, especially sexual ones; lustful
ligneous
woodlike
limpid
clear and simple in style; transparent; serene and untroubled
lucid
clear; sane ; translucent; luminous
pellucid
reflecting light evenly; easy to understand
litigate
to try in court; to contest in law
littoral
relating to the shore or coastal region
loggia
a roofed, open gallery, like a porch
loquacious
talkative
lucre
monetary gain; profit
ludicrous
laughable; rediculous
lugubrious
gloomy; sorrowful
lurid
(1) gruesome; shocking; (2) ghastly pale
magenta
deep purplish red
malefactor
an evil-doer; a criminal
malfeasance
wrongdoing; official misconduct
malignant
evil; injurious; tending to produce death ANTONYM: benign
mandatory
necessary; obligatory
None
marred
injured; blemished; damaged
martinet
a strict disciplinarian
masticate
to chew
maudlin
foolishly sentimental or morose
maverick
a rebel; a nonconformist
megalomaniac
one who exhibits delusions of omnipotence or grandeur
mercurial
quickly changing; inconstant
meretricious
attractive only on the surface; superficial; pretentious
meticulous
extremely concerned with details; well organized
miasma
a depleting or corrupting influence or atmosphere
millennium
a thousand years
miscreant
a heretic; a villain; one who commits illegal acts
misogynistic
characterized by hatred of women
mitigate
to soften; to lessen the severity of
moot
questionable; debatably
mordant
biting in manner or style; incisive
motility
movement
munificent
lavish; generous; liberal
nadir
(1) the lowest point; (2) a point in the sky opposite the zenith
naiad
a water nymph
napery
table linens
necromancy
magic; witchcraft
chiromancy
palmistry
necrophobia
the fear of death
None
necropolis
a cemetery
nefarious
wicked; vile
nexus
a connection or link
niggardly
stingy
noisome
offensive; harmful
nomenclature
a standardized system of symbols for a particular subject, usually art or science
nonfeasance
failure to perform an act that should have been completed
notorious
widely and unfavorably known
None
nuance
a subtle distinction, variation, or quality
nugatory
inconsequential; trifling
nullify
to void legally; to make of no consequence
numismatist
on who studies and collects coins and tokens
nuncupative
no written; oral
nyctophobia
the fear of darkness
obdurate
persistent; unyielding
obfuscate
to confuse ANTONYM: clarify
objurgate
to denounce harshly; to declaim; to castigate
obliterate
to destroy completely; to cause to disappear
obloquy
(1) abusive language; (2) bad repute
obscurant
tending to make obscure
obsequious
obedient; subservient
sycophant
a servile, self-seeking flatterer
obtrude
to force, usually oneself or one's ideas on another without request
ocher
earthy yellow or red
ochlophobia
the fear of crowds
officious
meddling; interfering
olfactory
relating to the sense of smell
oligarchy
form of government in which control is placed in the hands of a few, especially associated with corruption
omnipotent
all-powerful
omnipresent
being all places at once
omniscient
knowing everything
omnivore
one who eats both animals and vegetables
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds convey their meaning (e.g., buzz, hiss)
ontogeny
the development of an organism
onus
a burden; an obligation
ophidiophobia
the fear of snakes
opprobrium
desgrace due to a shameful act
opus
a major work, especially a set of musical compositions
ornithophobia
the fear of birds
oscillate
to swing back and forth; to vary
osmosis
diffusion through a membrane
ossify
to become hard as a bone
ostentatious
showy; pretentious
oviparous
producing eggs that hatch outside the maternal body
palindrome
a word, sentence, or number that reads the same backward and foreward (e.g., mom)
palliate
to cover up with excuses; to extenuate
panegyric
high praise; a tribute; an encomium ANTONYM: diatribe
paradigm
an example; a pattern; an archetype
paradox
(1) something true that appears to be false; (2) something false that appears to be logical
pariah
an outcast
parry
(1) to ward off; (2) to escape by dodging
parisimony
the quality of being careful with money; thrift ANTONYM: extravagance
partisan
one who is committed to a particular person, cause, or idea
parvenu
one recently risen to an unaccustomed position and not yet possessing the requisite dignity or characteristics; upstart
paucity
a small amount; a scarcity
pecuniary
having to do with money
pedantic
characterized by an ostentations display of learning
pedometer
an instrument used to measure the distance walked
pennultimate
next to last
peremptory
precluding a right of action, delay, or debate; admitting or no contradiction
perfidious
faithless; disloyal; treacherous
peripatetic
wandering; itinerant
peruse
to read carefully; to study
None
pervade
to spread throughout
petulant
ill-tempered' irritable; fractious
philatelist
one who studies and collects stamps
-phile
a love or afiniry for (e.g. philogyny: love of men)
-phobe
a fear of or aversion to
philistine
(1) characterized by material rather than spiritual or artistic balues; (2) narrow-minded or uninformed with respect to a specific topic area
piscatorial
of or relating to fish
platen
(1) a roller on a typewriter; (2) a flat plate
platitude
the state of being dull, banal, or trite
plethora
a superfluity; an excess
plumb
(1) n. a lead weight used to find the true vertical; (2) v. to measure the depth of; to fathom
polemic
strong argument in refutation of another; disputation; practice of engaging in controversy
poltroon
a coward
potlatch
(1) a ceremonial feast, with gifts, ofnorthwest coast Indians; (2) a festival or celebration
precipitous
steep
precocious
exhibiting maturity at an early age
prescience
the anticipation of upcoming events; foresight
prevaricate
to deviate from the truth; to lie
probity
honesty; uprightness; rectitude
profusion
a great amount; an abundance
prognosticate
to forecast; to prophesy
propinquity
closeness; proximity
proxy
a person authorized to act for another (e.g. to vote corporate stock)
pseudonym
a fictitious or pen name
surname
(1) a family name; (2) an added name or nickname
puce
dark red
puerile
childish juvenile
None
pundit
an expert; an authority; a critical; a savant
purloin
to steal
purview
a range of authority, competence, or responsibility; scope
pusillanimous
cowardly; fearful
Pyrrhic
usually referring to a victory won at excessively high cost
quaff
to drink hearily
quagmire
a bog; a difficult or entrapping situation; a predicament
qualm
(1) a sudden onset of illness, especially of nausea; (2) a feeling of unease about a point of conscience
quandary
a state of confusion of doubt
quell
to suppress
querulous
complaining; whining
quintessence
the essence of something in its most concentrated form; the urest representative from a certain category
quisling
a traitor
quittance
a release from debt or obligation
quixotic
foolishly impractical and idealistic; capricious
quizzical
(1) eccentric; odd; (2) inquisitive; questioning
quondam
former; sometime
quorum
the minimum number of a group that must be present to conduct business legally
quotidian
daily
rancorous
with ill-will; with enmity ANTONYM: benevolent
raze
to demolish completely; to destroy
recalcitrant
obstinately defiant of authority; resistant
recidivism
repeated relapse, as in tendency to repeat criinal activity
reciprocal
(1) mutuall shared; common; (2) inversely related
recondite
obscure; concealed; incomprehensible; esoteric
recumbent
lying down; leaning; resting
recusant
marked by refusal to obey authority
redolent
having a pleasing scent; fragrant
refurbish
to freshen or make new; to renovate
relegate
to assign to a place of insignificance; to banish
relume
to light or light again; to rekindle; to reestablish
remonstrate
to object; to protest
reprehend
to voice disapproval of
reprobate
a villain; an immoral person
repugnant
distasteful; abhorrent; obnoxious ANTONYM: congenial
rescind
to take away; to remove
resilient
able to recover easily from hardship or misfortune; flexible
revile
to use abusive speech; to rail; to scold
ribald
rude or offensive; indecent
risible
capable of laughing or provoking laughter
rookery
a breeding place among rocks for mammals (e.g. seals) or birds
roseate
overoptimistic; cheerful
rotund
round; plump; chubby
ruminate
to reflect on something; to ponder
saboteur
one who willfully hinders, through destruction or obstruction, industrial production or a nation's war effort
fifth column
supporters of an enemy that engage in sabotage within defense lines or national boundaries
sagacious
wise; astute; perspicacious
salubrious
healthy; promoting well-being; salutary ANTONYM: deleterious
sanctimonious
(1) devout; holy; (2) hypocritically devout or holy
sanction
to authorixe or approve
sanguine
hopeful
sardonic
distdainful; sarcastic
satiric
using ridicule or sarcasm to convey criticism; lampooning
saturnine
gloomy; sullen; morose
savant
one with detailed knowledge in a specialized field
prodigy
highly talented child
virtuoso
one who is highly skilled in the practice of an art, especially music
None
scintilla
a minute trace or jot; an iota
tittle
a particle
sectarian
of or relating to a sect or a smaller group within a larger group that adopts only certain beleifs; narrow-minded
sequester
(1) to set apart from others; to segregate; (2) to confiscate
None
sidereal
related to the stars; astral
sophomoric
(literally "wise fool") believing one's level of knowledge and maturity to be higher than it actually is
soporific
marked by, or causing, sleepiness or lethargy; drowsy
sordid
wretched; vile; foul
spelunker
one who studies and explores caves as a hobby
splenetic
hot tempered; easily angered
spurious
false; forged; counterfeit
staid
sedate; serious; grave
sterile
inimaginative; unfruitful; bare ANTONYM: fecund; fertile
stolid
dull; unemotional; immovable
stoma, stomata
a minute opening on outside surface of a plant (e.g. a leaf) for the passage pf gases
None
striated
referring to muscle with alternate light and dark bands, as opposed to smooth muscle
strident
loud; harsh; grating
superfluous
more than necessary; extra
surmise
to imagine; to make inferences based on insufficient evidence
surreptitious
secret; covert ANTONYM: brazen; overt
sybaritic
voluptuous; sensual
sycophant
servile flatterer; parasite
synthesis
the combination of parts to form a whole, or of thesis and antithesis to form a higher truth
tacit
unspoken; implied ANTONYM: explicit
taciturn
silent; having little inclination to talk ANTONYM: garrulous
tactile
perceptible by touch; tangible
tangential
touching only the edge; marginally relevant
tangerine
a deep orange to almost scarlet mandarin orange
tawdry
appearing gaudy or cheap
temerity
audicity; effrontery; boldness ANTONYM: caution
temporal
referring to time, as opposed to eternity; secular
tenet
a doctrine upheld by members of an organization
tepid
moderately warm; lukemarm
termagant
a shrew; a nagging woman, as Xanthippe (Socrates' wife); a virago; an ogress; a harpy
terrestrial
having to do with the earth
terse
(1) polished; refined (2) short and to the point; concise
therapeutic
used in the treatment of diseases or disorders; curative
timbre
the quality of a sound or tone, distinctive of a particular voice or instrument
timorous
fearful; timid ANTONYM: intrepid
tirade
a long, intemperate speech, diatribe
None
torpid
dormant; lacking energy; lethargic; apathetic; dull
vapid
lacking vitality; flat; uninteresting
torque
(1) n. a twisting or turning force; (2) to cause to rotate or twist
torrid
oppressively hot
tort
a civil wrong for which the injured party is entitled to compensation
tractable
docile; mallable; obedient ANTONYM: unruly
transient
lasting only a short time; changing; ephemeral; transitory
trenchant
(1) caustic; penetrating; (2) separate; distinct
triskaidekaphobia
the fear of the number 13
truculent
cruel; brutal belligerent
turbid
muddy
turpitude
baseness; corruption; depravity
umbrage
(1) a feeling of offense or annoyance; (2) a shadow; a hint; a suspicion
unctuous
oily; smug; suave
undulate
to move in wavelike motions; to fluctuate
unduly
excessively
unequivocal
clear; obvious; certain
ungainly
hard to handle; unwieldy; clumsy
ungulate
hooflike; regerring to hoofed animals
urbane
polished; polite or finished in manner
utopian
referring to paradise or an impossible ideal
uxoricide
the murder of one's wife
vacillate
to waver; to fluctuate; to oscillate
vacuous
stupid; lacking intelligence
vagrancy
the state of being homeless (legally, a misdemeanor)
vapid
insipid spiritless
None
venal
corruptible
venerate
to honor
venial
forgivable
verbose
wordy ANTONYM: laconic
None
viable
(1) capable of living (2)able to stand or develop independently
vicarious
experienced through another medium; experienced through imaginary participation in the events of another's life
vilify
to slander; to verbally abuse; to defame
virago
a loud, overbearing woman; a termagant
viscous
thick; having a gummy consistency
vitriolic
caustic; biting
viviparous
producing living young, as most mammals, some reptiles, and a few fishes
volatile
easily aroused; explosive
volition
choice or decision; will
voracious
ravenous; gluttonous; insatiable
vulpine
foxlike; crafty
wan
pale; sickly
wanton
flirtatious; lascivious
whet
to stimulate; to incite; to make more intense, especially an appetite
wizened
shrunken and wrinkled with age
wright
a worker, especially in wood; used in combination with another word (e.g. wheelwright, playwright)
wroth
intensely angry; incensed
xanthic
yellowish
xenophobia
the fear of strangers
yean
to give birth, used of sheep or goats
yore
time long past
yowl
to cry out loudly; to wail
zealot
one who is enthusiastic, sometimes fanatical, about a cause