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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the brain stem consists of ____
midbrain, medulla oblongata, and pons
the primary auditory cortex is located in the ____
temporal lobe
the vital centers for the control of heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure are located in the _____
medulla oblongata
the fissure separating the cerebral hemispheres is the _____
longitudinal fissure
the limbic association area of multimodal association area provides our _______
emotional impact
a shallow groove on the surface of the cerebral cortex is called a
sulcus
if the posterior most portion of the neural tube failed to develop properly
the spinal cord may be affected
the central sulcus separates which cerebral lobes?
frontal from parietal
the hypothalmus is _____
the thermostat of the body since it regulates temperature
Ridges of tissue on the surface of the cerebral hemispheres are called ____
gyri
the frontal lobe is separated from the temporal lobe by the ____
lateral sulcus
An individual who could trace a picture of a bicycle with his or her finger but could not recognize it as a bicycle is most likely to have sustained damage to the ____
visual association area
Broca's area
is considered a motor speech area
structure probably not involved in memory
medulla oblongata
the area of the cortex that is responsible for sensations of a full bladder and the feeling that your lungs will burst when you hold your breath for too long is the _____
visceral sensory area
Loss of ability to perform skilled motor activities such as piano playing, with no paralysis or weakness in specific muscles, might suggest damage to the_____
premotor cortex
Nonspecific ascending pathways
are involved in the emotional aspects of perception
the term "arbor vitae" refers to __
cerebellar white matter
the primary auditory cortex is located in the______
temporal lobe
Spinocerebellar tracts ____
Carry proprioceptive inputs to the cerebellum
The subarachnoid space lies between what two layers of meninges?
Arachnoid mater and pia mater
The blood brain barrier is effective against _____
Metabolic waste such as urea
You would not find _____ in normal cerebrospinal fluid
red blood cells
REM sleep is associated with_____
temporary skeletal muscle inhibition, except for extrinsic eye muscles
Storing information in long term memory ____
Is facilitated by repetition
Declarative memory_____
Is the ability to learn specific information
What structure of the eye focuses light on the retina?
Lens
Ordinarily, it is difficult to transplant tissue from one person to another because of tissue rejection by the recipient of the donation, yet corneas can be transplanted fairly easily without tissue rejection. This is because the cornea___
Has no blood supply
The eye muscle that simultaneously elevates the eye and turns it laterally is the____
Inferior oblique
_____ is not one of the primary levels of neural integration in a somatosensory system.
Effector Level
Pressure, pain, and temperature receptors in the skin are ____
Exteroreceptors
Meissner's corpuscels are ____
mechanoreceptors
The peripheral nervous system includes
sensory receptors
The anterior chamber of the eye contains ____
Aqueous humor
When one has a cold, swelling of the lacrimal mucosa may result in ____
Watery eyes due to impaired drainage of tears.