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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Name the 4 types of plasmodium
P falciparum, P vivax, P ovale, and P malariae
geographic areas endemic for chloroquine-sensitive malaria falciparum
the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Central America west of the former Panama Canal Zone, Egypt, and some countries in the Middle East
What is leading cause of death in children over 5 in Africa?
Malaria
name of vector for malaria
female anopheles mosquitos
which type of malaria is associated with the greatest morbidity and mortality
P falciparum
The first stage of the lifecycle of malaria parasite occurs in
The liver—malaria parasites multiply in hepatocytes until they rupture
What is the second stage of the lifecycle of the malaria parasite?
the parasites are released into the bloodstream, invade the erythrocytes, and cause clinical symptoms.
Which types of malaria can persist in the liver stage?
P vivax and P ovale
What do you need consider when prescribing antimalarials?
(1) If the falciparum in the area is sensitive to chloroquine and (2) whether P vivax or P ovale is present in the area
Which antimalarials work on the liver stage?
Atovaquone/Proguanil and primiquine
In what stage of the malaria life cycle does mefloquine work?
blood stage
In what stage of the malaria life cycle does doxycycline work?
blood stage
In what stage of the malaria life cycle does chloroquine work?
blood stage
treatment for relapsing malaria
primaquine
non-pharmaceutical malaria prophylaxis
Long-sleeved cotton shirts and pants from dusk to dawn; insect repellent containing no more than 20% to 30% DEET; window screens, bed nets; applying permethrin, an insecticide, to clothing and bed nets.
when diagnosis cannot be confirmed by microscopy
CDC offers a PCR test