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26 Cards in this Set

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Acromegaly
Is an endocrine disorder. The pituitary gland produces an excessive amount of growth hormone- AFTER the completion of PUBERTY. Height is normal because long bones have stopped growing after puberty.
Ischemia

isch/o = to hold back
-emia = blood

literally means to hold back blood from a part of the body.
Tissue that becomes ischemic loses it's normal flow of blood and becomes deprived of oxygen.
Leukocytosis
An abnormal condition of the white blood cells.
Hyperthyroidism

Hyper = Above
thyroid = thyroid gland; shield
ism = process, condition
Condition of an overactive thyroid gland.
Laparotomy
Incision through any part of the abdominal wall to examine the abdominal cavity.
Arthroscopy

Arthr/o = joint

scopy = the process of visual examination
Visually examining the joints through an instrument.
Chondromalicia

chondr/o = cartilage
-malicia = softening
The softening of the cartilage
Arteriole
Arter/o = arteries
-ole = small

Small arteries.
Raidotherapy
Radi/o = X-rays
-therapy = treatment

Treatment of a disease by means of ionizing radiation instead of a surgical incision
Hernia
Protrusion of an organ or the muscular wall of an organ through the cavity that normally contains it.
Splenomegaly
splen/o = spleen
-megaly = enlargement

Enlargement of the spleen.
Atrophy
Atrophy means no development; shrinkage of cells.
Chemotherapy
chem/o = chemical; drug
therapy = treatment

Treatment of a problem (cancer) through using chemicals or drugs.
Anemia
An = no, not, without
-emia = blood condition

The reduction in the number of erythrocytes or amount of hemoglobin in the circulating blood.
Adenoids
Aden/o = gland
-oids = resembling

Adenoids are neither endocrine or exocrine glands.
Amniocentesis
Amni/o = amnion (sac surrounding the embryo)
-centesis = surgical puncture to remove fluids
Bronchitis
bronch/o = bronchial tubes
-itis = inflammation

Inflammation of the bronchial tubes.
Cardiomyopathy
cardi/o = heart
my/o = muscle
-pathy = disease

Disease condition of the heart muscle.
Inguinal Hernia
Inguin/o = groin
-al = P.T

When part of the intestines protrudes downward into the groin region and commonly into the scrotal sac (in males.)
Hiatal Hernia
When the stomach protrudes upward into the mediastinum through the esopheageal opening.
Rectocele
Rect/o = Rectum
-cele = hernia

Protrusion of a portion of the rectum tward the vaginal wall muscle.
Staphylocuccus
Berry-shaped bacterium that grows in clusters.
Tonsillitis
A steptococcal infection of the throat.

strept/o = berry shaped bacterium
Achrondroplasia
Because of a defect in the bone and cartilage. The bones in the arms and legs fail to grow to normal size.

Is an inherited disorder.
(need to find out if is an endocrin or exocrin gland.)
Streptococcus
Strept/o = twisted chains
-coccus = berry shaped bacteria


Berry shaped bacterium, grows in twisted chains.
Hemoglobin
hem/o = blood
-globin = protein

Is an important protein in erythrocyes and carries oxygen through the bloodstream.