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41 Cards in this Set

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Image
A word or series of words that refers to any sensory experience (usually sight, although also sound, smell, touch, or taste)
Imagery
The collective set of images in a poem or other literary work
Prologos (Prologue)
The introductory scene in which necessary background information or exposition is given (Nurse's monologue in Macbeth)
Parados
The entry lyric sung by the chorus as it passed through the aisles into the orchestra area
Episode
Scene consisting of dialogue between actors and occasionally minor participation from the chorus
Stasimon
Choral ode sung by the chorus after each episode and accompanied by instruments and dancing
Exodus
The final action of the play, taking place after the last stasimon and concluding with the exit of the chorus
Tragedy
A play in which the plot moves from relative stability to death or serious sorrow for the protagonist
Peripeteia
A reversal of fortune for a character
Aristeia
The hero or heroine's "big scene"
Time ("tee-may")
One's sense of honor
Deus ex machina
Carless plotting and unbelievable resolution in a play
the unities
the elements of a play which help the audience understand it as a unified whole
hamartia
the tragic hero's "fatal flaw"
hubris
extreme, overweening pride, often dangerous to the person who has this trait
Fluency
the smooth flow of a piece of writing from idea to idea
Plot
The sequence of major events in a story, usually related by cause and effect
Character
People in a literary work
Characterization
the method by which an author develops a character through a story
Point of view
Perspective, or angle of vision, from which a narrator presents a sotry
Setting
Context for the action: the time, place, culture, and atmosphere in which it occurs
Theme
Central idea embodied by or explored in a literary work
Symbol
Something in a literary work which can be seen, touched, smalled, heard, tasted, or experienced imaginatively, but also conveys a cluster of abstract meanings beyond itself
Style
A writer's characteristic way of saying things
Narrative Realism
the fictional attempt to give the effect of realism by representing complex characters with mixed motives who are rooted in a social class, interact with many other characters, and undergo plausible, everyday experience.
Narrative annexes
Unexpected characters, impermissible subjects, and plot altering events which appear within fictional worlds which might be expected to exclude them.
"Divided soul"
A conflict between the "inner self" and the "outer self" or characters who function as "alter egos" for each other
Bildungsroman
A novel which concerns itself with the development of a youthful protagonist as s/he matures
Epiphanies
Moments of revelation that, in retrospect, turn out to be centers to human existence
Pathetic Fallacy
The idea that one's experience and description of the external world (particularly the natural world) reflects one's inner world
Structure
The planned framework or architecture of a literary work to form a unified whole
Satire
blend of humor and criticism to convey a message.
Cosmic Irony
Discrepancy between a character's aspirations and his treatment at the hands of fate
Sarcasm
a conspicuously bitter form of irony in which the ironic statement is designed to hurt or mock
Paradox
A statement that, while apparently self-contradicting, in none the less essentially true
Soliloquy
A dramatic convention in which a character, onstage alone, speaks his thoughts aloud through a speech "not intended" for others to hear
Pun
A play on words in which a word or phrase is ironic and/or has multiple meanings
Aside
A "whisper" that the audience is intended to overhear
Juxtaposition
Placing two ideas, words, pictures, side by side so that their closeness creates an ironic contrast
Comic Relief
In tradegy or other serious work, a humorous incident or remark which relieves tension
The Byronic Hero
A character who rejects the values and moral codes of society, often considered unrepentent by society's standards