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34 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
the use of phrases, clauses, or sentences that are similar or complementary in structure or in meaning.
parallelism.
the humorous imitation of a work of lit, art, or music.
parody.
the quality in a work of lit that arouses a feeling of pity or compassion in the reader.
pathos.
a figure of speech in which something nonhuman is given human qualities.
personification.
the vantage point from which a narrative is told.
point of view.
the central character of a drama, novel, or short story, or narrative poem.
protagonist.
the use of a word or phrase to suggest two or more meanings at the same time, or the use of two different words or phrases that sound alike.
pun.
usually a stanza or poem of four lines.
quatrain.
the attempt in lit and art to represent life as it really is, without sentimentalizing or idealizing it.
realism.
a work, phrase, line, or group of lines repeated regularly in a poem, usually at the end of each stanza.
refrain.
a prayer, poem, or song for the repose of the dead.
requiem.
the art of using language for persuasion.
rhetoric.
the repetition of sounds in two or more words or phrases that appear close to each other in a poem.
rhyme.
the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables into a pattern.
rhythm.
a movement that flourished in lit, philosophy, music, and art in western culture during most of the 19th century, beginning as a revolt aganist classicism.
Romanticism.
a kind of writing that holds us to ridicule or contempt the weaknesses of wrongdoings of individuals, groups, institutions, or humanity in general.
satire.
the analysis of verse in terms of meter.
scansion.
a six-line poem of stanza.
sestet.
a figure of speech comparing two essentially unlike things through the use of a specific word of comparision, such as "like," "as," "than," or "resembles."
simile.
an autobio account written by a former slave.
slave narrative.
an extended speech, usually in drama, delivered by a character alone onstage.
soliloquy.
a lyric poem of 14 lines, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter.
sonnet.
a folk song, usually on a religious matter.
spiritual.
a unit of a poem that is longer than a single line.
stanza.
the style of writing that attempts to imitate the natural flow of a character's thoughts, feelings, reflections, memories, and mental images, as the character experiences them.
stream of consciousness.
a writer's characteristic way of writing, determined by the choice of words, the arrangement of words in sentences, and the relationship of the sentences to one another.
style.
any object, person, place, or action that has a meaning in itself and that also stands for something larger than itself, such as a quality, an attitude, a belief, or a value.
symbol.
a figure of speech in which part of a thing is used to stand for or suggest the whole.
synecdoche.
the general idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to convey in a lit work.
theme.
a philosophy which holds that basic truths can be reached through intuition rather that through reason.
transcendentalism.
a poetic foot consisting of a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable.
trochee.
a restrained statement in which less is said that what is meant.
understatement.
a type of novel which arose from the techonological revolution preceding WWI, depiciting a perfect future society achieved through science.
utopian novel.
the everyday spoken language of people in a particular locality.
vernacular.