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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
parallelism
the use of phrases, clauses, or sentences that are similar or complementary in structure or meaning
parody
the humorous imitation of a work of literature, art, or music
pathos
the quality in a work of literature that arouses a felling of pity or compassion in the reader
personification
a figure of speech in which something nonhuman is given human qualities
point of view
the vantage point form which a narratve is told
protangonist
the central character of a drama, novel, short story, or narrative poem
pun
the use of a work or phrase to suggest two or more meanings at the same time, or the use of two different words of phrases that sound alike
quatrain
usually a stanza or poem of four lines
realism
the attempt in literature and art to represnt life as it really is, without sentimetalizing or idealizing it
refrain
a work, phrase, line or group of lines repreated regularly in a poem, usually at the end of each stanza
requiem
a prayer, poem, or song for the repose of the dead
rhetoric
the art of using language for persuasion
rhyme
the repetition of sounds in two or more words or phrases that appear close to each other in a poem
rhythm
the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables into a pattern
Romanticism
a movement that flouished in literature, philosophy, music, and art in Western culture during most of the nineteenth century, beginning as a revolt against classicism
satire
a kind of writing that holds up to ridicule or contempt the weaknesses and wrongdoings of individuals, groups, institutions, or humanity in general
scansion
the analysis of verse in terms of meter
sestet
a six-line poem or stanza
simile
a figure of speech comparing two essentially unlike things through the use of a specific word or comparision, such as "like," "as," or "resembles"
slave narrative
an autobiographical account written by a former slave
soliloquy
an extended speech, usually in a drama, delivered by a character alone onstage
sonnet
a lyricpoem of fourteen lines, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter
spiritual
a folk song, usually on a religious matter
stanza
a unit of a poem that is longer than a single line
stream of consciousness
the style of writing that attempts to imitate the natural flow of a character's thoughts, feelings, reflections, memories, and mental images, as the character experiences them
style
a writer's characteristic way of writing, determined by the choice of words, the arrangement of words in sentences, and the relationship of the sentences to one another
symbol
any object, person, place, or action, that has a meaning in itself and that also stands for something larger that itself, such as a quality, an attitude, a belief, or a value
synedoche
a figure of speech in which part of a thingis used to stand for or suggest the whole
theme
the general idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to convey in a literary work
transcendentalism
a philosophy which holds that basic truth can be reached through intuition rather than through reason
trochee
a poetic foot consisting of a stressed syllable followed by and unstressed syllable
understatement
a restrained statement in which less is said than is meant
utopian novel
a type of novel which arose from the revolution preceding WWI, depicting a perfect future society achieved through science
vernacular
the everyday spoken language of people in a particular locality