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203 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a fortiori
with stronger reaason
a priori
from what goes before; from the cause to the effect
ab initio
from the beginning
actiones in personam
personal actions
ad curiam
before the court, to the court
ad damnum clause
to the damage, clause of complaint which states plantiff's monetary loss
ad faciendum
to do
ad hoc
for th is purpose, for this occassion
ad litem
for the suit; for the litigation (a guardian ad litem, for example)
ad rem
to the thing at hand
a fortiori
with stronger reason
a priori
from what goes before; from the cause to the effect
ab initio
from the beginning
actiones in personam
personal actions
ad curiam
before the court, to the court
ad damnum clause
to the damage, clause of complaint which states plaintiff's monetary loss
ad faciendum
to do
ad hoc
for this purpose, for this occasion
ad litem
for the suit; for the litigation (a guardian ad litem, for example)
ad rem
to the thing at hand
ad valorem
according to the value (an ad valorem tax for example)
against (defendant adv. Plaintiff)
aggregaito menium
meeting of minds (relates to formation of contracts)
alias dictus
otherwise called, also known as (as in an assumed name)
in another place, elsewhere
from another place, from without (as in evidence outside the document) see parol evidence
alter ego
the other self
amicus curiae
friend of the court )as an amicus curiae brief filed with an appellate court)
with intention, disposition, design, will
Mind, intention
ante litem motam
before suit, brought, before litigation is filed
in the course of the argument, for the sake of argument
he undertook, he promised
bona fide
in good faith
take, arrest
persons, heads
causa mortis
by reason of death
beware, a warning
caveat emptor
let the buyer beware
send the pleadings up (from an inferior court to a superior court: U.S. Supreme Court uses writ of certiorari to review most cases)
beneficiaries (pronounced "setty")
cestui gue trust
beneficiaries of the trust
in the areas of, amount, concerning
union of lost of changes; conjugal fellowship of husband and wife
coram nobis
before us ourselves
corpus delicti
body of the offense; essence of the crime
cum testamento annexo
with the will annexed
(pl. data) 1. A thing given; information; 2. A date
de facto
in fact, in deed, actually
de jure
of right, lawful
de novo
anew, a fresh
de son tort
of his own wrong
dies non
not a day
duces tecum
bring with you (as in subpoena duces tecum, whereby subpoenaed person must appear and bring records)
dum bene se gesserit
while he shall conduct himself, during good behavior
e converso
conversely, on the other hand
en bac
in the bench, all judges present (a three-judge panel sits individually or en bac)
eo instanti
upon the instant
(pl. errata) error
et alii
and others (as in smith, et al. vs. Jones)
et sequentia
and as follows (et seq.)
et ux
and wife
et vir
and husband
ex delicto
(arising ) from a tort
ex gratia
as a matter of favor
ex officio
from office, by virtue of his office
ex parte
one side only, by or for one party only
ex post facto
after the fact
in fact5, in or by the law
let it be done, a short order that a thing be done
to be made up, to become
fieri facias
cause to be made (writ directing sheriff to reduce judgment debtor's property to money (sell it) for the amount of the judgment)
flagrante delicto
in the very act of committing the crime
forum non conveniens
discretionary power of a court to decline jurisdiction over a case when the court believes it should be tried elsewhere for convenience of parties and witnesses
serious, or importance
habeas corpus
you have the body (writ directed to a custodian of a person, commanding custodian to produce such person_
habendum clause
that part of deed which begins "to have and to hold"; defines extent of ownership
honory fee or gift; compensation from gratitude
the same as above (id.)
idem sonanas
having the same sound (as names sounding alike but spelled differently)
in curia
in court
in esse
in being, existence
in forma pauperis
permission given to a pour person to sue without liability for court costs
in limine
at the beginning; threshold
in loco parentis
in place of a parent, one charged with a parent's rights and obligations
in pari delicto
in equal fault
in personam
personally, against the person
in praesenti
at once; now
in re
in the matter
in rem
proceedings against a thing (a bank account or real estate) distinguished from those against a person
in specie
in the same or in similar form
in toto
in the whole, completely
in transitu
in transit
beneath; below
inta este
so it is
inter ali, inter alios
amount other things , between other persons
inter se
amount themselves
inter vivos
between the living, from one person to another
within, inside
ipse dixit
he himself said (it), as an assertion made but not proved
ipso facto
by the fact itself
jura personarum
right of a person, right sof persons
jura rerum
rights of things
jure divino
by divine right
jure uxoris
in his wife's right
jus (pl. jura)
law; right; laws collectively
jus ad rem
a right to a thing
jus commune
the common law, the common right
jus gentium
the law of nations, international law
jus tertii
the right of a third party; the rights of another person
just habendi
the right to have a thing
levari facias
cause to be levied, a writ of execution
lex loci
law of the place where the cause of action arose
lis pendes
litigation pending, as in alias pendesfiled with real estate records to notify the world that the real estate is involved in litigation
locus delicti
the place of the crime or of the tort
locus sigilli (L.S.)
the place for the seal
mala fides
bad faith
mala in se
wrong in itself, an act which is normally wrong
mala praxis
mala prohibita
acts declared as criminal by statute (failure to file a report), though not wrong in themselves (theft)
malo animo
with evil intent
we command, a writ used to compel an official to perform an act which she is required to perform
manu forti
with a strong hand, forcible entry
mens rea
guilty mind, most crimes require the element of inetne (mens era)
nihil dicit
he says nothing, as in a default judgment against a defendant who does not raise a defense in the action
nothing; of no account
nil debet
he owes nothing
nisi prius
unless before (used to distinguish the court where trial was held from the appellate court)
nolle prosequi
unwilling to prosecute (a crime), prosecutor's discretion not to file charges in a particular case
nolo contendere
I will not contest it
non assumpsit
plea in defense; that he did not promise
non compos mentis
not of sound mind
non est factum
it is not his deed
non obstante
non sequitur
it does not follow
nota bene (N.B.)
note well; take notice
nudum pactum
nude pact, bare agreement which lacks the consideration to form a valid contract
nul tort
no wrong done
nulla bona
no goods (wording used on the return of a writ fieri facias)
nun pro tunc
now for then, as in order nunc pro tunc to correct clerical error in previous order
obiter dictum
remark which is not central to the main issue
onus probandi
the burden of proof
opus (pl., opera)
work, labor)
ore tenus
by word of mouth, orally as in a motion ore tenus
Pari delicto
in equal guilt
pari passu
by equal progress, ratably, equitably without preference
pater familias
father of the family
private property
pendente lite
pending the suit, during litigation
per annum
annual, by the year
per capita
by the head, equally shared
per contra
in position
per curiam
by the court
per diem
by the day
per se
by itself, taken alone
per stirpes
by representation, by the roots or stocks for purposes of inheritance
after, later
after the fact, after the even
to take effect after death
writ commanding a person to do some act or to appear and show cause why she should not do so; order to clerk of court to issue a summons or execution on judgment already rendered
prima facie
at first sight, on the face of it
pro bono
free of charge, without cost
pro forma
as a matter of form
pro hac vice
for this occasion
pro rata
according to the rate or proportion
pro se
appearing for oneself; personally
pro tanto
for so much, to that extent
pro tempore
for the time being, temporarily
prochein ami
next friend
publici juris
of public right
pur autre vie
for on during the life of another
question, doubt
how much, the amount
quare clausum fregit
breaking the close, trespass
as if, as if it were
quid pro quo
what for what, something for something (as in consideration for a contract)
quo warranto
by what right or authority
thing, object, subject matter
res gestae
things done, excited utterance
res ipsa loquitur
the thing speaks for itself
res judicta
a thing (matter) adjudged
respondeat superior
let the master answer
knowledge, awareness
a apark, the least particle
scire facias
cause to know, give notice (writ used to revive a judgment that has expired [dormant])
se defendeno
in self-defense
according to
severally, separately
thus, so, in such manner (used to indicate an error in original, quoted material)
a seal
sine die
without a day, without a specific day assigned for future meeting