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12 Cards in this Set

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Define 'argument'.
A set of statements, one of which (the conclusion) supposedly follows from the preceding statements (the premises).
Define 'conclusion'.
A statement that follows from one or more premises.
Define 'premise'.
A statement posed in an argument that, if valid, leads to the conclusion.
Define 'statement'.
A sentence that can be either true or false.
Define 'deductive logic'.
A logic method that divides arguments by whether or not they are valid.
Define 'valid'.
An argument in which there is no possible way for the premises to be true without the conclusion also being true.
Define 'invalid'.
An argument in which the conclusion is unsupported by the premises and does not follow logically from them, or an argument that states true premises but a false conclusion.
Define 'true'.
A statement that accords with the state of affairs.
Define 'false'.
A statement that does not accord with the state of affairs.
Define 'inductive logic'.
A logic method that determines how supported arguments are, based on a continuum from not supported to maximum support.
Possible T/F of a valid argument
T-->T
F-->T
F-->F

NOT T-->F
If you believe the conclusion is false, you are committed to...
...believing one or more of the premises are false.