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12 Cards in this Set

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BREATHING

VS

CELLULAR RESPIRATION
BREATHING: BRINGS O2 TO CELLS FOR CELLULAR RESPIRATION

CELLULAR RESPIREATION: TAKES ORGANIC FULES LIKE SUGAR AND OXIDIZES THEM TO YIELD CO2 AND H20 PLUS ENERGY STORED IN BONDS OF ATP

C6-H12-O6 + 6O2 ---> 6CO2 + 6H20 + ATPs
KILOCALORIES
UNITS OF ENERGY
OXIDATION

VS

REDUCTION
LOSS OF ELECTRONS FROM MOLECULUE (LOSS OF H)

VS

GAIN OF ELECTRONS BY MOLECULES (ADD H)
REDOX REACTIONS
COUPLED OXIDATION AND REDUCTION REACTIONS
NAD
HYDROGEN CARRIER THAT SHUTTLE ELECTRONS DURING REDOC REACTIONS
ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN
NAD SHUTTLES ELECTRONS FROM GLUCOSE TO CHAINS WHICH GIVE OFF ENERGY THAT IS EVENTUALLY STORED AS ATP

ABOUT 34 ATPs ARE GENERAL
CHEMIOSMOSIS
MAJOR SOURCE OF ENERGY (ATP) GENERATION
TWO WAYS ATP IS GENERATED
CHEMIOSMOSIS

SUBSTRATE-LEVEL PHOSPHORILATION
3 STAGES OF CEULLULAR RESPIRATION
- GLYCOLYSIS

- KREBS CYCLE

- ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN
GLYCOLYSIS
2 ATPS AND 2 NADHs
KREBS CYCLE
MAKES 2 ATPs, 12 NADPHs AND 4 FADH2s
FERMENTATION
TAKES PLACE WHEN THERE IS NOT OXYGEN

2 TYPES
- ALCOHOLIC
- LACTIC ACID