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59 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Name 2 CNS medications.
analgesics and anesthetics
What does an analgesic do?
Relieve pain.
Name a non-narcotic.
ASA
Name an opioid.
Morphine
Name a non-opioid.
Acetaminophen
What does an adjunct medication do?
Enhance the effect of another drug.
Name a class for an adjunct medication.
Benzodiazepine
Name a benzodiazepine.
Diazepam
What does an opioid agonist-antagonist do?
Causes one medication to react and blocks the other.
Name an opioid agonist-antagoinist.
Nubane
What do anesthetics do?
block the sensation of pain
Name an anesthetic.
Lidocaine
Define sedation.
State of decreased anxiety and inhibitions
Define hypnosis.
instigation of sleep
Name 2 types of sleep.
REM and nonREM
What is the mechanism of action for benzodiazepine and barbituates?
Hyperpolarizing the brain and nerves.
List 4 actions of benzodiazepine.
1. anticonvulsion
2. antianxiety
3. sedative
4. hypnosis
Benzodiazepine is a Schedule ____.
IV
Brand name for diazepam.
Valium
What does an antagonist do?
binds to a receptor site but do not stimulate a response.
Name an antagonist.
Narcan
What does norepinepherine cause?
alertness, wakefulness, decreased appetite
What are antipsychotic effects?
antiemetics
What drugs affect the parasympathetic system?
1. cholinergic
2. anicholinergic
3. ganglionic blocking agents
4. neuromuscular blocking agents
5. ganglionic stimulating agents
What does succicholine do?
neuromuscular blockade
Name the adrenergic receptors?
alpha 1, alpha 2, beta 1, beta 2, dopaminergic
What is the golden rule of management?
Treat the patient, not the monitor.
Name 6 causes of disrhythmias.
1. MI
2. trauma to the heart
3. reaction from meds
4. ANS imbalance
5. blood gas abnormality
6. hypothermia
Effect of +chronotropic:
increases heart rate
Effect of +dromotropic:
increase conductivity
Effect of +ionotropic:
increase contractility
What are antidysrhythmics used for?
return heart to the normal rhythm
Hemostatic drugs:
drugs used to stop bleeding
Antihyperlipidemic drugs:
lowers cholesterol
PSVT stands for:
paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
Name a drug used for PSVT.
adenosine
Name a drug that is a cardiac glycoside.
digoxin
When would a cardiac glycoside be used?
CHF or A-Fib
Side effects of cardiac glycoside:
light flashing and color blindness & nausea
3 classes of antihypertensives (diuretics):
loop, thiazides, K+ sparing
Why would K+ sparing diuretics be used?
to prevent K+ depletion from diuretics (based on Na+/K+ competition)
How do ACE inhibitors work?
decreases blood pressure by stopping vasoconstriction
Name a Ca+ channel blocker.
Verapamil
What are antiplatelets use for?
stops formation of platelet plugs
Name an antiplatelet drug.
Plavix
Name an anticoagulant drug.
coumadin
Name a thrombolytic drug.
streptokinase
What drug can you give a pt who has had an MI within less than 2 hours?
Thrombolytic
What drug can you give a pt who has had an MI greater than 2 hours ago?
heparin
What would you give to a pt with a brain aneurysm? Why?
Heparin bc the aneurysm may have ruptured and they may have a clot.
Name an antihistamine.
benadryl
Name an H2 receptor blocker.
Tagamet
What does an expectorant do?
productive cough
What does an antitussive drug do?
stops cough
What does an antiemetic do?
stop vomiting
Name 3 antiemetic drugs.
Zofran, Phenergan and Reglan
What drug effects male sexual behavior?
viagra
Name 3 sources of insulin.
Human DNA, pork, beef
What drugs affect the sympathetic nervous system?
1. adrenergic receptors
2. adrenergic agonists
3. adrenergic antagonists
4. skeletal muscle relaxants