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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The 2 major divisions of the nervous system are the ___ and the ___.
CNS
PNS
The drug that best demonstrates a class' common properties and illustrates its particular characteristics is called the ___.
prototype
An ___ causes the absence of all sensations.
anesthetic
An ___ is a medication that relieves the sensation of pain.
analgesic
___ are given concurrently with other drugs to enhance their effects.
Adjunct medication
Opium is similar to natural pain-reducing peptides called ___.
endorphins
Naloxone is the prototype ___.
opioid antagonists
The state of decreased anxiety and inhibitions is called ___.
sedation
___ is the instigation of sleep.
Hypnosis
The psychiatric disorder schizophrenia appears to be related to an increased release of ___.
dopamine
___ are common side effects of antipsychotic medications; including muscle tremors and parkinsonism-like effects.
Extrapyramidal symptoms
___ act by blocking the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin.
Tricyclic antidepressants
Nardil is the protype drug for the pharmacological class of drugs known as ___.
MAO inhibitor
___ is the drug of choice for the management of bipolar disorders.
Lithium
The 2 functional divisions of the autonomic nervous system are the ___ and the ___ nervous systems.
sympathetic
parasympathetic
The space between nerve cells is the ___.
synapse
The chemical messenger that conducts a nervous impulse across a synapse is the ___.
neurotransmitter
The ___ controls involuntary actions.
ANS
The acronym SLUDGE stands for ___, ___, ___, ___, ___ and ___.
salivation
lacrimation
urination
defacation
gastric distress
emesis
The 2 known types of sympathetic receptors are the ___ receptors and the ___ receptors.
alpha
beta
Bronchodilation is the result of stimulation to the ___ (adrenergic) receptors.
Beta 2
Beta 1 stimulation results primarily in actions on the ___.
heart
Norepinepherine, epinepherine and dopamine are all ___.
adrenergic
The ___ is the heart's dominant pacemaker.
SA node
The ability of all myocardial tissue to self-generate electrical impulses is called ___.
automaticity
Administration of ___ such as procainamide results in a widened QRS and prolonged QT.
sodium channel blockers
The prototype beta-blocker drug is ___.
propranolol
Beta blockers are indicated in the treatment of ___ resulting from excessive sympathetic stimulation.
tachycardia
The only 2 calcium channel blockers that affect the heart are ___ and ___.
verapamil
cardizem
___ decrease conductivity through the AV node.
Calcium channel blockers
Side effects of the endogenous nucleoside ___ include shortness of breath and chest pain.
adenosine
Antihypertensive drugs affect blood volume and control hypertension by manipulating ___.
extracellular fluid
In addition to their role in the treatment of hypertension, ___ play an important role in the treatment of CHF by decreasing afterload.
ACE inhibitors
___ is used to increase cardiac output in CHF and to control the rate of ventricular response in atrial fibrillation.
Digoxin
Aspirin is given to patients suspected of having an MI bc it decreases the formation of ___.
platelet plugs
A drug that acts directly on thrombi to break them down is called a ___.
thrombolytic
Beta 2 specific agents are used in the treatment of asthma. ___ is the prototype.
Albuterol
A medication that is intended to increase the productivity of cough is called an ___.
expectorant
An ___ is a medication used to prevent vomiting.
antiemetic
Hypersecretion of adrenocorticotrophic hormone is called ___ disease.
Cushings
___ is a substance that decreases blood glucose levels.
Insulin
___ is contraindicated in a patient who has taken sildenafil (viagra) recently.
Nitrates
Antibiotic agents are used to treat diseases caused by ___.
bacteria
A solution containing whole antibodies for a specific pathogen is a ___.
serum