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76 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
being responsible for one's actions and accepting the consequences of one's behavior
active euthanasia
actions that directly bring about the client's death with or without consent
individual who pleads the cause of another or argues or plead for a cause or proposal
assissted suicide
form of active euthanasia in which clients are given the means to kill themselv
mental stance that is composed of many different beliefs; usually involving a positive or negative judgment toward a person, object, or idea
the state of being independent and self-directed without outside control, to make one's own decisions
interpretations or conclusions that one accepts as true
the moral obligation to do good or to implement actions that benefit clients and their support persons
ethical rules or principles that govern right conduct concerning life
client advocate
an individual who pleads the cause of clients’ rights
code of ethics
a formal statement of a group's ideals and values; a set of ethical principles shared by members of a group, reflecting their moral judgments and serving as a standard for professional actions
teleological theories
the ethics of judging whether an action is moral
the rules or principles that govern right conduct
a moral principle which obligates the individual to be faithful to agreements and responsibilities one has undertaken
moral development
process of learning to tell the difference between right and wrong and of learning what ought and ought not to be done
moral rules
specific prescriptions for actions
a doctrine or system denoting what is right and wrong in conduct, character, or attitude
the duty to do no harm
nursing ethics
ethical issues that occur in nursing practice
passive euthansia
allowing a person to die by withholding or withdrawing measures to maintain life
personal values
values internalized from the society or culture in which one lives
deontological values
emphasize individual rights, duties, and obligations
professional values
values acquired during socialization into nursing from codes of ethics, nursing experiences, teachers, and peers
relationship-based (caring) theories
stress courage, generosity, commitment, and the need to nurture and maintain relationships
the specific accountability or liability associated with the performance of duties of a particular role
a specific, consequence-based, ethical theory that judges as right the action that does the most good and least amount of harm for the greatest number of persons; often used in making decisions about the funding and delivery of health care
the principle of utilitarianism
Value set
all the values (eg, personal, professional, religous) that a person holds
Value system
the organization of a person's values along a continuum of relative importance
something of worth; a belief held dearly by a person
Values clarification
a process by which individuals define their own value
a moral principle that holds that one should tell the truth and not lie
requiring oxygen
involves activity in which the muscles cannot draw out enough oxygen from the blood stream; used in endurance training
closed tissue surfaces
a strip of cloth used to wrap some part of the body
a type of bandage applied to large body areas (abdomen or chest) or for a specific body part (arm sling); used to provide support
a protein found in connective tissue; a whitish protein substance that adds tensile strength to a wound
a moist gauze dressing applied frequently to an open wound, sometimes medicated
removal of infected and necrotic tissue
the partial or total rupturing of a sutured wound; usually involves an abdominal wound in which the layers below the skin also separate
thick necrotic tissue produced by burning, by a corrosive application, or by death of tissue associated with loss of vascular supply, bacterial invasion, and putrefaction
extrusion of the internal organs
loss of the superficial layers of the skin
material, such as fluid and cells, that has escaped from blood vessels during the inflammatory process and is deposited in tissue or on tissue surfaces
an insoluble protein formed from fibrinogen during the clotting of blood
rubbing; the force that opposes motion
Granulation tissue
young connective tissue with new capillaries formed in the wound healing process
a collection of blood in a tissue, organ, or space due to a break in the wall of a blood vessel
excessive loss of blood from the vascular system
cessation of bleeding
prescribed or unavoidable restriction of movement in any area of a person's life
Irrigation (lavage)
a flushing or washing-out of a body cavity, organ, or wound with a specified solution
deficiency of blood supply caused by obstruction of circulation to the body part
hypertrophic scar containing an abnormal amount of collagen
an irrigation or washing of a body organ, such as the stomach
the wasting away or softening of a solid as if by the action of soaking; often used to describe degenerative changes and eventual disintegration
filling an open wound or cavity with a material such as gauze
the process by which cells engulf microorganisms, other cells, or foreign particles
a compressing downward force on a body area
Pressure ulcers
any lesion caused by unrelieved pressure that results in damage to underlying tissue; formerly called decubitus ulcers, bed sores, pressure sores
Primary intention healing
tissue surfaces are approximated (closed) and there is minimal or no tissue loss, formation of minimal granulation tissue and scarring
Purulent exudates
an exudate consisting of leukocytes, liquefied dead tissue debris, and dead and living bacteria
a thick liquid associated with inflammation and composed of cells, liquid, microorganisms, and tissue debris
Pyogenic bacteria
bacteria that produce pus
Reactive hyperemia
a bright red flush on the skin occurring after pressure is relieved
renewal, regrowth, the replacement of destroyed tissue cells by cells that are identical or similar in structure and function
Sanguineous exudates
an exudate containing large amounts of red blood cells
Secondary intention healing
wound in which the tissue surfaces are not approximated and there is extensive tissue loss; formation of excessive granulation tissue and scarring
Serous exudates
inflammatory material composed of serum (clear portion of blood) derived from the blood and serous membranes of the body such as the peritoneum, pleura, pericardium, and meninges; watery in appearance and has few cells
Shearing force
a combination of friction and pressure which when applied to the skin results in damage to the blood vessels and tissues
Sitz bath
referred to as a hip bath, is used to soak a client’s pelvic area
the formation of pus
a decrease in the caliber (lumen) of blood vessels
an increase in the caliber (lumen) of blood vessels