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14 Cards in this Set

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theory
an explanation about how and why something is as it is
concepts
words or signs that refer to phenomena that share common characteristics
conceptualisation
the process of clarifying what we mean by a concept
variable
a characteristic that may vary from one subject to another or for one subject over time. a concept that varies
hypothesis
a testable statement about how two or more variables are expected to be related to one another
dependent variable
a variable that a researcher sees as being affected or influenced by another variable
independent variable
a variable that a researcher sees as affecting or influencing another variable
antecedent variable
a variable that comes before both an independent variable and a dependent variable
spurious
non-causal
measurement
the process of devising strategies for classifying subjects by categories to represent variable concepts
deductive reasoning
reasoning that moves from more general to less general statements
empirical generalization
a statement that summarizes a set of individual observations
inductive reasoning
reasoning taht moves from less general to more general statements
grounded theory
theory derived from data in the course of a study