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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anticline
upward fold
Syncline
downward fold
fracture
break in rock
fault
break in earth's crust along which movement occurs
landform
physical feature on earth's solid surface
elevation
height on earth above or below sea level
summit
HIGHEST POINT ON A MOUNTAIN TOP
folding mountain
mountain formed by folding of rock layers
dome mountain
mountain formed when upfolds in rocks and to create a rounded structure that looks like a bowl turned upside down
fault block mountain
mountain formed when normal faults uplift a block of rock
plain
large flat area just above sea level
plateau
large flat area at a high elevation
volcanism
movement of magma inside earth
lava
magma that reaches earth surface
vent
volcano opening from which lava flows
volcanoe
vent and the volcanic material around it
crater
pit at the top of a volcanic cone
caldera
large hole that forms when a roof of a magma dome collapses
shield cone
volancic cone made up of layers of harden lava
cinder cone
volcanic cone made up of rock particles, dust and ash
composite cone
made up of alternating layers of lava and rock particles
earthquake
sudden strong movement of earth's crust
focus
point beneath earth's surface where a earthquake starts
epicenter
place on Earth's surface directly above the surface
seismic wave
earthquake wave
seismic graph
instrument that detects and measures earthquakes
p-wave
fastest earthquake wave
s-wave
second earthquake wave to be recorded at a seismic graph station
l-wave
surface wave
richter scale
scale that measures the energy released by a earthquake
tsunami
large ocean wave caused by an earthquake
ring of fire
major earthquake and volcanic zone that almost forms a circle around the Pacific Ocean