• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/23

Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
insulin lispro
rapid acting, low chance of forming auto-dimers, better insulin control than reg insulin
insulin aspart
rapid acting, inhibits auto-aggrigation,
regular insulin
short acting, dose dependant, IV useable, good for IV ketoacidosis or post surgery
Lentate insulin
intermediate acting, dose dependant
NPH insulin
intermediate acting, dose dependant
ultralentate insulin
used in combo w injections of rapid acting insulin. Human insulin. tid.
insulin glargine
peakless, ultralong acting, background insulin replacement, low immunogenicity
human insulin benefits
less immunogenic
insulin therapy complications
hypoglycemia, insulin allergy (IgE), insulin resistance (IgG), lipodystrophy at injection site
Tolbutamide
sulfonurea, short half-life, best for older diabetics
Sulfonureas
up insulin release, down serum glucagon, close extrapancreatic potassium channels
chlorpropamide
sulfonurea. contraindicated in hepatic or renal inssuffic. prolonged hypogycemia rxns in elderly, hyperemic flush after alcohol ingestion, rare hematological toxicity.
tolazamide
sulfonurea. more slowly absorbed, tid.
glyburide
sulfonurea, potential hypoglycemia, rare flushing, up free water clearance. Coontra in renal insuff and hepatic impairment.
glipizide
sulfonurea. shortest halflife, less likely to cause hypoglycemia, contra in hepatic and renal impairment.
Glimepiride
sulfonurea, lowest dose,
repaglinide
meglitinide, fast onset, hypoglycemia w/ skipped meal, good for type II w/ sulfur allergy
nateglinide
insulin secretagogue, d-phenylalanie deriv, partially restores insulin release, low incidence of hypoglycemia, safe for renal impairment
metformin
biguanide, good for insulin resistance, se: anorexia, n/v, diarrhea contra:renal disease, hepatic disease
Thiazolidinediones (Tzds)
ligands of perioxisome proliferator activated gamma receptors (PPAR-gamma), effect lipid glucose metabolism, se: weight gainfluid retention, down LDL up HDL
Pioglitazone
Tzd, for type II
rosiglitazone
tzd, for type II
alpha-glucosidease inhibitors
Acarbose and miglitol. prevents absorption of some sugars. se: flatulence, abd pain, hypoglycemia. contra: renal impairment