Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/11

Click to flip

11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Desu
Present/Future Affirmative.
To be, Am, Are, Is.

ex Kochira wa Suzuki San Desu
or This is Suzuki-san.
De Wa Arimasen
Formal Present/Future Negative.
Am not, Are not, Is not.
Ja Arimasen
Informal Present/Future Negative.
Not to be, Am not, Are not, Is not.
Wa
Following a noun, Wa indicates the sentence topic.

ex. Watashi *wa* Gakusei Desu.
I (WA) STUDENT AM
Masu
Suffix - Present or Future affirmative.
ex. Ikimasu (Go/Am going)
ex. Kimasu (Am coming/Will come)
ex. Oyogimasu (Am swimming/will swim)
Masen
Suffix - Present or Future negative.
ex. Ikimasen (Do not go/Am not going)
E
To or Toward.
ex. Shokudoo e ikimasu
or Go To the Cafeteria.
No
Posession/Relation/Location.
ex. Yamada san no uchi (Yamada's house)
Tookyoo no daigaku
Tokyo in University
O
Following a noun, O indicates the action of a sentence.

ex. Bangohan o Tabemashoo ka.
Should we eat dinner?
De
"At/In", used after a noun.
ex. Gakko De.
School At.
ex. Nihon De.
Japan in.
To
"And". To connects nouns.
ex. Udon to gyooza o tabemashita
I ate Udon and Gyooza.