Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/17

Click to flip

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Parenteral Preparations:
Iron Dextran Inj (DEXFERRUM): BE CAREFUL WITH ANAPHLASIX
Iron Sucrose complex (VENOFER)
Sodium Ferric gluconate complex (FERRLECIT)
Oral Preparations:
Ferrous Sulfate (FEOSOL)
Ferrous Fumarate (FERGON)
Ferrous Gluconate (FEMIRON)
Oral Preparations:
1. should be taken on empty stomach
2. Food decrease iron absorption
3. 1 hr before or 3 hours after antacids.
Iron binds to
antibiotics prevent absorption.
Iron poisoning (
necrotizing gastroenteritis
tx of iron poisoning
Acute: Deferoxamine (iron chelator)
CHRONIC Iron Overload: hemochromatosis: pt who inherited or many red cell transfusions.
tx: intermittent phlebotomy (remove blood)
severe: phlebotomy + deferoxamine.
NEW IRON CHELATOR:
Deferasirox (EXJADE)
Deferasirox (EXJADE):
chronic iron overload due to transfusions
HIGHLY PROTEIN BOUND
ORALLY ACTIVE
EXCRETION: FECES
SELECTIVE: FERRIC IONS
A.E. Deferasirox
Pancytopenia
Kidney, Hepatic Toxicity
Auditory and Ocular disturbances.
MEGALOBLASTIC ANEMIA
MORPHOLOGICALY
MACROLYTIC-LARGE CELLS
FOLIC ACID AND V12 DEF.

hematologic defic: folic and v12
Neurological def: v12
ADMINISTRATION OF FOLIC ACID ALONE CAN CORRECT:
- hematological sx but NOT neurological problem.
Common causes of VB12
- PERNICIOUS ANEMIA (defective secretion of intrinsic factor)
- gastrectomy
- malabsorption
- IBD
- Small Bowel REsection
- Decreased intake.
Causes of folic acid def.
1. liver disease
2. alcoholics
3, preg.
4. Cancer Drug
5. Myeloproliferative disorders
6. Kidney dialysis
7. Lack of dietary intake
Drugs CAUSE folate def.
1. phenytoin
2. primidone
3. oral contraceptives
4. para-amino salicylate
5. sulfasalzien
Erythropoietin
in response to hypoxia
darbopoietin better half - life
CI UNCONTROLLED HYPERTENSION