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32 Cards in this Set

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Human Anatomy
the study of the structure of the human body (also called:
Morphology). Anatomy is closely related to physiology (study of
the system and body function
Gross Anatomy
Deals with tissues bigger than 0.1 mm
Microscopic Anatomy
Deals with smaller structures e.g.: cells or tissues (group of cells)
or microscopic details of various organs e.g.: intestine and liver.
These could be investigated at light or electron microscopy levels
Systemic Anatomy
Skeletal system, Muscle (muscular) system, Nervous system
Cardiovascular system, Digestive system, Respiratory system
Regional anatomy
1- Back and lower limb, 2- Upper limb and thorax
3- Abdomen and pelvis, 4- Head and neck
Surface anatomy
shapes and markings on the body surface
Developmental anatomy
deals with the structural changes in the body throughout the life.
Embryology anatomy
studying development of the body before birth
Pathologic anatomy
deals with structural changes in the tissues caused by a disease
Funtional anatomy
deals with function of the body structures
Cranial:
toward the head
Superior:
upward with the body erect
Caudal:
toward the buttocks
Rostral:
toward the mouth
Inferior:
downward with the body erect
Medial:
toward the middle
Lateral:
away from the middle
Medius:
in the midline
Median:
within the median plane
Central:
toward the center of the body(17
Peripheral:
toward surface of the body
Anterior:
toward the front
Ventral:
toward the abdomen
Posterior:
toward the back
Dorsal:
toward the back
Proximal:
toward the limb attachment
Distal:
away from the limb attachment
Flexion:
bending
Extension:
stretching
Abduction:
away from the body
Adduction:
toward the body
Rotation:
pivoting or rotary motion