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38 Cards in this Set

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In critical thinking, what is Integrating?
Integrating is the process of summarizing, structuring, and combining your information into your speech.
In critical thinking, what is Analyzing?
Analyzing is by which we clarify information by examining it's components and it's relationship to the subject matter being presented.
communication is _________ and transactional.
communication is _dynamic_ and transactional.
In communications, what is critical thinking?
Critical thinking is reasonable and reflective thinking that is focused on what to believe, or what to do.
Critical Thinking consists of 8 elements, what are they?
Focusing, Generating,
Information Gathering, Analyzing, Organizing, Integrating, Evaluating, and Remembering.
In critical thinking, what is Focusing?
Defining problems, setting goals, selecting relevant information.
In critical thinking, what is information gathering?
Formulating questions, and collecting data that may be helpful in finding answers to these questions.
In critical thinking, what is remembering?
Remembering is storing data in long term memory, and retrieving it.
The critical thinkier is a person who cares enough to be reasonable and think clearly. There abilities can help overcome _____________ and foster a community/audience of __________.
The critical thinkier is a person who cares enough to be reasonable and think clearly. There abilities can help overcome _prejudices_ and foster a community/audience of _caring_.
In critical thinking, what is Organizing?
Organizing is arranging information so that it can be understood and presented more effectively.
communication is dynamic and ______________.
communication is dynamic and _transactional_.
In critical thinking what is Evaluation?
Evaluation is the process of establishing criteria and assesing the validity, relevance, and quality of your information and ideas.
When is communication successful?
When the ideas or meaning derived by the decoder match or are very similar to the ones attached to the symbols communicated by the speaker/encoder.
Basic Public Speaking Skills consist of these three format elements, and three logical elements.
Format : Introduction, Body, Conclusion
Logic : preview, summary, transition
In critical thinking, what is Generating?
Generating is the use of prior knowledge to infer and elaborate on new information and ideas.
In communications, what is noise?
Give examples.
Anything that distracts from effective communication. This can be Physical (noise, lighting, extreme temperature), Physiological (headache, empty growling stomach), or Psychological (anxiety, worry, offense)
The critical thinker is a person who cares enough to be __________ and think _______. These abilities can help overcome prejudices and foster a community/audience of caring.
The critical thinker is a person who cares enough to be _reasonable_ and think _clearly_. These abilities can help overcome prejudices and foster a community/audience of caring.
In mass communication, the content is of course very important, but in mass communication in particular, what else is just as important?
The method or medium of delivery.
In communications, what is a symbol?
a symbol is anything to which the speaker attaches an idea or meaning.
In communications, what is a referent?
a referent is an idea or meaning for which the symbol stands, or that is attached to the symbol.
What is the definition of communication?
Communication is the sharing meaning by the sending and receiving of symbolic cues.
There are 5 levels of communication, what are they?
intrapersonal (self)
interpersonal or "dyadic" (pair)
group (3+)
public (audience face-to-face)
mass (public over medium/not face-to-face)
What is intrapersonal communication?
Intrapersonal communication is communication with[in] the self.
What is interpersonal communication?
Interpersonal communication or "dyadic" communication (from the latin "dyad" meaning "pair"), is communication that happens between one person and another person.
What is group communication?
Group communication is communication done interactively by a group of 3 or more people. A common goal or sense of group identity is essential in the definition of "group communication".
What is public communication?
Public communication is communication between one person (the speaker) and a group of people (the audience). The larger the audience, the more one directional the nature of that communication becomes. Public speaking is done face-to-face.
What is mass communication?
Mass communication is communication between one speaker, and an entire audience that is not gathered in one place (usually due to the large size of an audience). Mass communication happens over a medium, be it print, radio, television, or electronic (web). Audience feedback in mass communication is always delayed (ie letters to the editor, email to webmaster, etc).
What are the 7 elements of the most commonly accepted communications model?
Speaker/Encoder, Message, Listener/Decoder, Feedback, Channel, Noise, Environment.
In communication, what is the encoder?
The encoder is the origin of the communication (the speaker), who encodes ideas and meaning into symbols, and transmits that message over a channel to be received by the decoder (the listener(s))
In communication, what is the message?
The message is the ideas and meanings that are being communicated symbolically to the listener/decoder.
In communication what is the channel?
The channel is the method/avenue through which the communication is transmitted/sent, or the "medium".
In public speaking, what is the channel or medium of communication?
Vibrations in the air between the speaker and the audience, originated by the speaker, and received by the eardrums of the audience.
In communications, what is the decoder?
The decoder is the listener. The decoder receives the symbols and interprets them, attaching meaning and ideas. Communication is successful when the referent (or idea) attached by the decoder, is the same or very similar to what was intended by the encoder (the speaker).
In communication, what is feedback?
Feedback is the response from the listener or audience. This response can be verbal, and non-verbal.

Question -> Answer
Joke -> Laugheter
Offensive Statement -> Defensive Body Language.
In public speaking, a person conveys ideas verbally, through symbolic words. What are two non-verbal elements of communication? Give examples.
Visual and Vocal.
Vocal : speed, volume, pitch level
Visual : dress, eye contact, facial expressions, gestures, visual aids.
In communications, what is the definition of "environment" ?
occassion and physical location/setting.
In communications, part of the speaking environment is the occassion. This occassion may be ____________ or ____________,
____________ or ____________.
In communications, part of the speaking environment is the occassion. This occassion may be _formal_ or _informal_,
_spontaneous_ or _planned_.
In communications, what is the interpreter?
The interpreter is the person communicating, either the listener, or the speaker. The interpreter encodes ideas or meaning into symbols, or decodes ideas or meaning from symbols.