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33 Cards in this Set

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THE STUDY OF BODY STRUCTURES WITHOUT THE USE OF A MICROSCOPE IS KNOWN AS
GROSS ANATOMY
FOR HISTOLIC ANATOMY ITS IMPORTANT THAT ONE EMPLOY A
MICROSCOPE
ONE OF THE BRANCHES OF PHYSIOLOGY IS CYTOLOGY, WHICH IS THE STUDY OF
CELLS
THE FUNCTION OF THE EXCRETORY SYSTEM IS A MAJOR TOPIC OF A BRANCH OF PHYSIOLOGY KNOWN AS
RENAL PHYSIOLOGY
AT ITS MOST SIMPLE LEVEL OF STRUCTURE THE BODY IS COMPOSED OF
ATOMS
SODIUM CHLORIDE, PROTEINS, LIPIDS, AND WATER TYPIFY THE LEVEL OF STRUCTURE OF THE BODY IN WHICH THE MAIN COMPONENTS ARE--------
MOLECULES
THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF ALL LIVING THINGS, INCLUDING THE HUMAN BODY IS --------------
CELL
A GROUP OF CELLS WORKING TOGETHER TO PROVIDE THE SAME FUNCTION REPRESENTS A ------
TISSUE
A TYPE OF TISSUE REPRESENT BY BLOOD AND BONES IS-------
CONNECTIVE TISSUE
THE ORGAN OF THE BODY ARE LINED WITH A TYPE OF TISSUE KNOWN AS------
EPITHELIAL
VARIOUS TYPES OF TISSUE WORK TOGETHER IN A HUMAN BODY TO COMPOSE A ------------
ORGAN
THE METABOLIC PROCESS IN WHICH ORGANIC MATTER IS BROKEN DOWN, USUALLY WITH THE RELEASE OF ENERGY IS---------
CATABOLISM
TWO GENERAL TYPES OF MOVEMENT IN THE BODY ARE VOLUNTARY AND-------------
INVOLUNTARY MOVEMENT
TO ASSIST THE PROCESS OF MOVEMENT IN THE BODY, THE MUSCLES ARE USUALLY ATTACHED TO----------
BONES
THE CHARACTERISTIC OF CONDUCTIVITY IS ASSOCIATED IN THE B0DY WITH MUSCLE CELLS AND----
NERVE CELLS
IN ADDITION TO PRODUCING AN ENTIRELY NEW INDIVIDUAL, NEW CELLS ARE FORMED IN THE BODY FOR THREE PURPOSES REPLACEMENT, GROWTH AND-------
REPAIR
THE FORM OF REPRODUCTION IN WHICH A FERTILIZED EGG FORMS IS CALLED----------
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
IN THE DUPLICATION OF A SINGLE CELL TO FORM TWO IDENTICAL DAUGHTER CELLS, THE REPRODUCTION IS KNOWN AS-------
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
THE STEADY STATE EQUILIBRIUM EXISTING IN THE BODY IS KNOWN AS------------
HOMEOSTASIS
AMONG THE SYSTEMS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE MAINTENANCE OF HOMEOSTASIS ARE THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND THE----
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
A SYSTEM IN WHICH INFORMATION DECREASES THE SYSTEM'S OUTPUT AND BRINGS THE SYSTEM BACK TO ITS SETPOINT IS A---------
NEGATIVE FEEDBACK SYSTEM
THE BODY IS ERECT WITH EYES FORWARD, FEET TOGETHER, ARMS AT THE SIDE AND PALMS UP IS IN THE----------------
ANATOMICAL POSITION
IN SPEAKING OF A DIRECTION TOWARD THE FRONT OF THE BODY ON THE BELLY SIDE, ONE USES THE TERM----------
ANTERIOR
ALTHOUGH THE TERM DORSAL IS SOMETIMES USED, THE PREFERRED TERM WHEN REFERRING TO THE BACK SIDE OF A HUMAN IS---------
POSTERIOR
IN ANATOMICAL TERMS THE ABDOMEN IS SAID TO BE INFERIOR TO THE---
THORAX
AN IMBALANCE IN THE INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT AND THE DISTURBANCE OF HOMEOSTASIS ARE BOTH CREATED BY--------
STRESS
IN ANATOMICAL NOMENCLATURE, THE TERM SUPERIOR REFERS TO AN ASPECT OF THE BODY TOWARD THE---------
HEAD
PART OF THE CHEMICAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE HUMAN BODY TO MAINTAIN HOMEOSTASIS INCLUDE WATER, NUTRIENTS AND---------
OXYGEN
THE BODY OBTAINS MATERIALS FROM THE ENVIRONMENT AND FORMS MORE OF ITSELF IN THE PROCESS OF-----------
GROWTH
THE CELLS OF AN ORGANISM AND THE ORGANISM ITSELF REMAINS RELATIVELY CONSTANT IN ITS CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT AND IN ITS
PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
THE SUM TOTAL OF ALL CHEMICAL PROCESSES OCCURRING IN THE BODY IS----
METABOLISM
THE SYSTEM IN WHICH INFORMATION IS RETURNED IN ORDER TO INCREASE THE DEVIATION FROM THE ORIGINAL SETPOINT IS A--------
POSITIVE FEEDBACK SYSTEM
WHEN ORGANIC MATTER IS BUILT UP FROM SMALLER MOLECULES, AND THE PROCESS USUALLY REQUIRES AN INPUT OF ENERGY, THE OVERALL PROCESS IS CALLED--------
ANABOLISM