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46 Cards in this Set

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What are all the reasons why there are so many interest groups in the United States?
The existence of divergent interests, the relative weakness of political parties, the fragmented nature of our system of government, and the ease with which interest groups can get access to government.
Broad economic changes can be seen as one factor in the emergence of what?
large mass-membership unions
Who can argue for certain companies of products?
Institutional Interest Groups
Interest groups which exist primarily for companionship and pleasure, such as PTAs, are knows as what?
solidary groups
Organizations which offer some sort of product or service to people as an incentive to join are using what?
Example: Examples of such groups would be the National Association of Science Teachers.
They are called material incentives
The National Organization for Women (NOW) and Public Citizen are examples of interest groups which attract new members with what?
purposive incentives
What organizations have to keep their issues in the spotlight in order to be effective?
Purposive membership organizations
Public-interest lobbies differ from other mass-membership organizations in what?
that non-members are the principal beneficiaries of their efforts
what groups are those which sttract people with coherent, often controversial, set of principles?
Ideological interest
Publie interest groups tend to have better results when ther is what?
a hostile administration in power.
What has the smallest membership of any environmental group?
The Sierra Club
What is a feminist organization whose membership incentives are primarily solidary?
The League of Women Voters
what attracts members with material incentives?
The Women's Equity Action League
What year was the peak year for labor unions in the U.S. Today what is the percent of the non-farm workforce is unionized?
1945 & 20%
What are the major sources of funds for interest groups?
Government grants, foundations grants, and direct mail solicitations
What are all the reasons why there are so many interest groups in the United States?
The existence of divergent interests, the relative weakness of political parties, the fragmented nature of our system of government, and the ease with which interest groups can get access to government.
Broad economic changes can be seen as one factor in the emergence of what?
large mass-membership unions
Who can argue for certain companies of products?
Institutional Interest Groups
Interest groups which exist primarily for companionship and pleasure, such as PTAs, are knows as what?
solidary groups
Organizations which offer some sort of product or service to people as an incentive to join are using what?
Example: Examples of such groups would be the National Association of Science Teachers.
They are called material incentives
The National Organization for Women (NOW) and Publie Citizen are examples of intere groups which attract new members with what?
positive incentives
What have to keep their issues in the spotlight in order to be effective?
Purposive membership organizations
Public-interest lobbies differ from other mass-membership organizations in what?
that non-members are the principal beneficiaries of their efforts
what groups are those which sttract people with coherent, often controversial, set of principles?
Ideological interest
Publie interest groups tend to have better results when ther is what?
a hostile administration in power.
What has the smallest membership of any environmental group?
The Sierra Club
What is a feminist organization whose membership incentives are primarily solidary?
The League of Women Voters
what attracts members with material incentives?
The Women's Equity Action League
What year was the peak year for labor unions in the U.S. Today what is the percent of the non-farm workforce is unionized?
1945 & 20%
What are the major sources of funds for interest groups?
Government grants, foundations grants, and direct mail solicitations
What percent is for direct-mail solicitations to be successful, they must generate donations from thier mailings?
2%
Who are most likely to join interst groups?
People with better then average incomes
What is an example of a sector whose lobbying groups are factionalized? What skill of an interst group is the best measure of its influence?
Agriculture and the organizational skill
Therefore the single most important tactic of the typical lobbyist is what?
supplying information to lawmakers
The power of lobbyists is greast when?
when the issue involved is fairly narrow
What it supporting their issues are also tools for lobbyist? What are they?
Publie opinion polls.editorals.encourage people to communicate with their congressmen
A rather effective rating system used by Environmental Action, Inc. since 1970 is called what?
The Dirty Dozen
Who can and do form Political Action Committees?
Members fo Congress
Who are the ones whose numbers increased most during the 1980's?
Ideological PAC's
In the 1988 election cycle who contributed the most money to congressinoal campaigns?
The Realtors Association
PAC's contribute about ___ of all the campaign funding for the House of Representatives?
1/3
what was the average PAC donation to a House candidate that is less than the other candidate's total campaign receipts?
less than 1%
What can best affect legislative behavior by doing what?
Money and ensuring access
What is the term to government officials leaving their jobs to take positions with companies with whom they had been doing business while still part of the government?
revolving door
By law who can give to any one candidate during any election cycle?
PACs can only give $5,000.00
governmental policy brought about the launching of the
Chamber of Commerce