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33 Cards in this Set

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Erythema
reddish color of the skin caused by congestion or dilation of cutaneous blood vessels.
Cyanosis
bluish color of the skin caused by a decreased O2 content in the blood.
Jaudice
a yellow hue of the skin caused by bilirubin in the blood (icterus has the same meaning).
Ecchymosis
purple/blue area of the skin caused from hemorrhage beneath the skin.
Petechiae
round flat red/purple pinpoint spots on the skin.
Diaphoresis
profuse perspiration.
Paronychia
an infection at the base of the nail.
Alopecia
loss of hair.
Hirsutism
unusual growth of body hair.
Scale
dry, flaky skin.
Excoriation
lesion of the skin caused by an abrasion or scratching.
Macerate
slough off of skin usually caused by moisture.
Phlebitis
inflammation of a vein.
Homan's sign
pain in the calf of the leg when the foot is dorsiflexed; usually caused by phlebitis or thrombophlebitis.
Sordes
a collection of bacteria or food on the buccal membrane.
Pediculosis
body lice.
Pruritis
itching (severe) of the skin.
Stomatitis
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the GI tract.
Vesicle
small raised blister that contains fluid.
(blister, chicken pox)
Bulla
thin walled blister of the skin or MM greater than 1 centimeter that contains clear serous fluid.
Pustule
small circumscribed elevation of skin containing pus. (pimple)
Erosion
wearing away of tissue usually related to inflammation.
Ulcer
a circumscribed crater-like lesion related to inflammation, infection, or a malignant process.
Fissure
cracked lesion of the skin.
Keloid
overgrowth of tissue.
Nevus
congenital pigmented skin blemish.
Comedo
blackhead, acne vulgaris, keratin, and sebum.
Telangiecasis
a permanent dilation of groups of superficial capillaries and venules.
Macule
small flat blemish that may be discolored; flush with skin surface.
(freckle)
Vitiglio
benign skin lesion patches without pigment with hyper-pigmented borders.
Nodule
small round mass.
Tumor
new growth of tissue.
Wheal
individual lesion. (hive, mosquito bite)