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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Infinitive used as subject

Dolere est malum
To hurt is bad

To hurt is the infinitive subject
Complementary infinitive
Hoc dicere possum.
i can say this.

say is the complementary infinitive
Historical infinitive
In narration, a present infinitive is used in place of an imperfect indicative

Pars cedere, alii insequi.
When the
Indirect discourse / statement
Verb in the indirect statement is in the infinitive

Dixi me ad urbem venire.
I said I was going to the city

was going is the verb in the indirect statement
Attributive (participle)
Using the verb as an adjective
"ing" or "ed" in English

Aegrum et flagrantem animum habet
He has a sick and a passionate mind.
Predicate (participle)
Like the above, but can be translated with "while." Attributive can't be.

Puella, in casam veniens, gaudebat.
The girl,coming into cottage, was glad.
Gerunds and Gerundives
Let's go, yeah.
Passive Periphrastic Construction
Used in the "must be," "have to be" clause

Hi libri nobis legendi sunt.
Those books must be destroyed by us.

legendi sunt is the passive periphrastic
Objective genitive
The gerundive or gerund used as the objective genitive

Amorem pugnandi habuit
He has a love of fighting.

pugnandi is the objective genitive
Genitive expressing purpose
If you see a genitive gerundive / gerund and causa.

Utitur voce dicendi causa.
He uses his voice for the purpose of talking.

dicendi causa is the gendive genitive of purpose
Datives with special verbs
Some verbs followed by "for" in english will use the dative to indicate purpose?

studuimus legendo
We desire for reading
Accusative expressing purpose
"Verb to purpose' with the purpose in gerundive / gerund accusative

Ii Romam ad requiescendum.
Those people came to Rome to rest.

to rest is the accusative of purpose
Ablative of means
Illa fiet regina aeque regendo
That woman became queen by means of ruling equally

regendo is the ablative of means

Accusative of purpose
something to "supine" to denote purpose

Eo visum meos amicos.
To see my friends in his house.

to see is the supine
Albative of specification
The adjective modifies the supine(verb) to describe the action.

Mirabile dictu!
Amazing to say!